31 Dec 2018

DARUMA - Darumapedia on Facebook


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Darumapedia on Facebook

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. Daruma Museum - Newsletter .  


. . . . . Expanded older entries will be added here since 2016:
. Darumapedia News at Yahoo .


. Darumapedia - small news BLOG .

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The Darumapedia has expanded over the years.
Here is a list (growing) of my presence on facebook :


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. Joys of Japan - Main Gallery .   




. Joys of Japan - Poetry for Tohoku .   



. Tohoku Japan - Information .   




. WASHOKU - Japanese Food Culture .   

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. MINGEI - Japanese Folk Art .   



. Kokeshi Gallery .   



. Japanese Festivals - Matsuri .   




. Japanese Interior Gallery .   


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. Japanese Literature .   



. Japanese People .   




. Japanese Calendar Days .   


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. Edo - the Edo Period .   



. Edo - Senryu 川柳 .



. Edo culture via Ukiyo-E 浮世絵 .



. Gofunai 御符内 88 Henro temples in Edo .


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. Fudo Myo-O 不動明王 .   



. Jizo Bosatsu Gallery 地蔵菩薩  .

- and more -
. Buddha Statues - Japanese Deities .   



. Enku - Master Carver 円空  .




. Buddhist Temples - Japan .   



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. Ta no Kami Yama no Kami 田の神 山の神  .

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. Japan in Spring .   

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. Japan - New Year Season .   




. Fujisan Gallery - Japan .   



. Dragon Gallery - Asian Art and Animals .   



. Japan - Animals .   

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. Haiku Culture Magazin .



. Matsuo Basho .



. Kobayashi Issa .



. Yosa Buson .



. Masaoka Shiki .


. Mongolia Saijiki - Mongolian Haiku .   



. WKD - World Kigo Database .  



. Japanese Haiku Poets  .   



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. Kappa 河童 - Kappa san on facebook .



. Manekineko 招き猫 The Beckoning Cat .



. Tengupedia 天狗 - the Tengu Goblins of Japan .



. Onipedia 鬼 - the Demons of Japan .



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. My Treasure Box .   

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- The latest news is always HERE:


. Darumapedia - Newsletter .  


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Posted By Gabi Greve to Daruma San in Japan, Japanese Art and Culture (01)

20 Apr 2018

PERSON - Hayakawa Noritsugu Tokuji


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Hayakawa Noritsugu 早川徳次(のりつぐ)
(1881 - 1942)
(The characters 徳次 can also be read Tokuji, see below.)

He is renowned for funding the construction of Japan's first subway system, now known as the Tokyo Metro Ginza Line, which opened in 1927.


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だるまは鼻の下にひげを生やし… Daruma with a beard in his honor - 2018



- quote
日本で最初に地下鉄を建設し、「地下鉄の父」と呼ばれた笛吹市出身の早川徳次(のりつぐ)(1881~1942)の住宅の見学会が7日に開かれる。地元の市民グループ「早川徳次ふるさと後援会」が主催し、ひげを生やしていた徳次の顔をかたどったミニだるまづくりを初めて計画。ふるさとの偉人に親しみを感じてもらい、地域の活性化にもつなげたい考えだ。
後援会は2017年に発足し、会員約50人。地元出身の早川徳次の功績紹介と地域振興を目的に活動している。早川邸は「早川家住宅主屋」として国の登録有形文化財に選ばれている。後援会が年2回開く見学会では、普段は非公開の邸内を見ることができる。
ミニだるまを考案したのは甲州市在住の自営業、渡辺麻世さん(28)。アクセサリーなどを趣味で手作りしている。昨年夏、知人の後援会メンバーと会食した際、徳次の業績について話を聞いた。祖父母の家が早川邸の近くにあり、「身近なところにすごい人がいたんだ」と驚き、何か手伝えることがあればと思いついた。



だるまは鼻の下にひげを生やし…
source : asahi.com/articles...


. DARUMA MUSEUM Japan .



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Hayakawa Tokuji 早川徳次
(1893 - 1980)



- quote -
Tokuji Hayakawa (早川 徳次 Hayakawa Tokuji, November 3, 1893 - June 24, 1980)
was a Japanese businessman and the founder of Hayakawa Kinzoku Kōgyō (the present-day Sharp Corporation). He invented and patented the "Tokubijō" belt buckle in 1912 (a belt which can fasten without perforating) and invented the "Ever Ready Sharp" mechanical pencil (from which his company would later get its name from) in 1915.

The success of the "Tokubijō" belt buckle led to Hayakawa starting his own metallurgical processing, which then developed into the present-day Sharp Corporation.

Tokuji Hayakawa was born in Tokyo in 1893. Due to difficult domestic circumstances, he was adopted by the Ideno family. It was not until he grew up, however, that he learned of this. He left primary school after second grade due to his family's poverty, and was apprenticed to a maker of metallic ornaments. He worked diligently there to improve both his skill in metalwork and understanding of the trade, earning the trust of his master.

Though the buckle had been used since ancient times for such accessories as armor and shoes, it started to be used on belts for boys' trousers in the 15th century and came to be used in women's clothes in the 19th century. It took two forms: practical and decorated. When Hayakawa launched his buckle in 1912, demand in Japan for the buckle increased with the spread of Western-style fashions.

Hayakawa and other artisans, however, had not yet had a chance to wear Western-style clothes and belts.
Hayakawa happened to notice a silent film actor whose belt had come undone. This inspired him to spend time after work inventing a new belt that could be fastened to any length.

As a result, he developed a buckle that used a roller to fasten a belt without puncturing it. His master admired his inventiveness and recommended that Tokuji apply for a patent. He suggested the name "Tokubijō" adopting one character of Tokuji.

The first order for the Tokubijō buckle was huge — 33 grosses or 4,752 in total. Because of the pressures to deliver his product on time, Tokuji decided to go independent. He borrowed most of the capital independently and launched his own shop in September, 1912. He introduced industrial presses, hired workmen and delivered new orders with no interruption. He was able to promptly retire his debt. He continued to improve his manufacturing process and expand his business into a bigger plant.

In 1913, Hayakawa acquired the patent of an innovative water faucet, and in 1915, he developed the prototype of the sharp automatic pencil still sold today. Afterwards he demonstrated managerial genius, expanding his enterprise into electronics manufacturing of world-famous radios, tape-recorders and televisions. He was active in social welfare programs. He died in 1980 at the age of 86.
- source : wikipedia -

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Posted By Gabi Greve to PERSONS - index - PERSONEN on 4/18/2018 10:05:00 am

DARUMA - Tachidaruma statue Gifu Tounji


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. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .
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Tachidaruma, Tachi-Daruma 立達磨 / 立ち達磨 Standing Daruma Statue



This is the largest Daruma statue in Japan!
It is in Hida, Gifu 岐阜県飛騨市(旧吉城郡神岡町) and 16,5 m high.
It was made in 1973 in July.

The mountain belongs to the temple 曹洞宗補陀山洞雲寺 Toun-Ji of the Soto Zen Sect.
It was founded around 1400 and became the family temple of the 江馬氏 Ema clan around 1600.
The temple is better knows as だるま堂 Daruma-Do Hall.
There is a huge collection of Daruma artifacts in the hall, now attracting many visitors.




- quote
立ち達磨(たちだるま)は、岐阜県飛騨市(旧吉城郡神岡町)にある達磨像である。立ち達磨とは、達磨大師の立たれた姿である(一般には達磨は座禅した姿が多い)。 観音山の中腹に鎮座しており、同山の麓にある曹洞宗補陀山洞雲寺の所有となる。 発願主の筆頭は同寺の先々代住職大森雅道老師 通称『日本一の立ち達磨』
「町のシンボルにしよう」と達磨像の話が持ち上がった。 達磨大師は曹洞宗の原点の一つだが、別のきっかけもあった。 浩潤球学(1877-1953)という高僧である。俗姓を丘といい、丘球学としても知られる。球学老師は明治27年に洞雲寺二十世住職となった大潤(丘)宗潭に随侍していた。宗潭老師は伊豆の修禅寺住職となり、のちに永平寺副貫首も務める。 球学老師はよく洞雲寺にきて、町の住民に戒を授ける「授戒会」で「戒師」を務め、昭和28年に遷化されたが、住民たちは今も「球学さん」と、よくその名を覚えている。  その球学老師は、よく筆を執り、数多くの絵や書を神岡の人々に手渡したという。絵では観音様の次に達磨太子の絵が多く、そのことを町の人たちは思い出し、達磨像にしようという話になった。  またこの立ち達磨をきっかけに、昭和59年に全日本だるま研究会初代会長・今泉實平氏が三千点に及ぶ達磨コレクションの寄進を申し出た。すると建物は寄進を申し出る人もいた。これにより洞雲寺内に「達磨堂」が完成。展示を行っている。  昭和30年一月、江戸木遣りが神岡に伝授された記念に、町の人々が行列を組み、横2m、縦1mの額を同寺の金毘羅堂に奉納。以降、「初金毘羅」は盛大になり、達磨市が出て達磨供養も行われるようになった。
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高さ8.9mの銅製の立達磨像。台座を含めると16.5mに及ぶ。
使用した銅約8tは、三井金属鉱業神岡鉱山から産出された銅鉱を使用。
1973年(昭和48年)6月3日建立。
「だるま」は禅宗の「初祖」として崇敬されている菩提達磨が壁に向かって九年の座禅を行ったことによって手足が腐ってしまったという伝説がある。ここから、手足のない形状で置物が作られるようになり、丸みを帯びた「だるま」が一般的となった。「立ち達磨」は菩提達磨が立位した銅像で、日本一の大きさを誇り、極めて珍しい。
- source : wikipedia

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Tachidaruma loves the Statue of Liberty

TLSTプロジェクト(Tachidaruma Loves the Statue of Liberty)
立ちだるま、NYへ熱視線
- reference source : sotoday.fun -

- see more photos online -




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There is another temple named Toun-Ji in Shirakawa, Gifu.

洞雲寺(とううんじ)は、岐阜県加茂郡白川町にある曹洞宗の寺院。山号は大龍山

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. Daruma Museum Japan - Darumapedia .


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Posted By Gabi Greve to Gokuraku - Jigoku on 4/18/2018 01:30:00 pm

18 Apr 2018

HEIAN - Yama no Kami 10 Regional Hiroshima Hyogo kofun


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. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Legends from Hiroshima 広島県 and Hyogo 兵庫県
Yamanokami kofun 山の神古墳 Yamanokami tumulus


. Legends about Yamanokami .

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Yamanokami Bunkasai 山の神文化祭 Culture Festival
広島県立呉昭和高等学校同窓会 / 広島県 呉市中央6-2-9 // Kure city


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東広島市 Higashi-Hiroshima 八本松町 Hachihonmatsu

. Yamanokami and Tengu 天狗 the Mountain Goblin .
Yamanokami gets an offering of zoosui 雑炊 rice porridge.

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南方村 Minamikata-mura

tooban san トウバンサン Toban san、"The God on Watch-out Duty"
At the beginning of the stone bridge there is one special stone. If a horse or cow tries to pass over the bridge,
it will stumble here and fall down to its death.
The villagers think this must be a sign of Yamanokami. They think Yakanokami is a deity to protect horses and cows and call him Toban San.

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宮島町 Miyajima

ayakashi あやかし something suspicious, the voice of Yamanokami
Shortly after the War, some 20, 30 men went into the forest to cut trees. They heard a voice calling for them and followed the voice. But the voice (of Yamanokami) kept coming from a different direction each time.
So they begun to recite a Buddhist sutra and indeed, the voice kept quiet.

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三次市 Miyoshi // 庄原市 Shobara

On the 20th day of the New Year (mugimeshi shoogatsu 麦飯正月 eating barley) Yamanokami goes to the forest to count the trees.
If a person goes to the forest on this day, he will be counted as a tree and later experience disasters and misfortune.
So this is a holiday for the forest workers.

mugi shoogatsu 麦正月 New Year to honour barley and wheat





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Yamanokami kofun 山の神古墳 Yamanokami tumulus of Japan

. kofun 古墳 burial mound, tumulus .
kofun jidai 古墳時代 burial mound period - 250 to 538

Hiroshima, 広島県 福山市駅家町 Fukuyama Ekiya


In the middle-range of 芦田川 river Ashidagawa. It's form is 前方後円墳. It dates to the middle of the 6th century.
The diameter is about 12 m, and it is 4 m high. The space inside is open to the South and is 横穴式石室, it is about 6,35 m.
The genshitsu 玄室 burial chamber is about 4.1 m long, 2.9 m wide and 3.3 m high.
The sendoo 羨道 passage is 2.25 m long, 1.26 m wide and 1.25 m high.
The excarvated pieces are
金銅製丸玉2個分,鉄斧1,金銅製杏葉ならびに鉄地金張りの鏡材片2個分,方形飾金具,鉄針,須恵器・土師器片がある。
- reference source : Hiroshima bunkazai data -

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Fukuoka 福岡県
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Recent advancement in the study of the Tsuyazaki mounded tomb group and other sites has enhanced our understanding on the tombs of the chieftains in the Munakata Region. And archeological investigations of dwelling sites have resulted in accumulated evidence that tells of the life and activities of immigrants from the Korean Peninsula. Comparison of these two makes it possible to depict the rise of chieftains in the Munakata Region based on international exchange. Okinoshima Island is situated at a
pivotal location of maritime transportation and it should be possible to discuss the role played by Munakata chieftains in the Okinoshima rituals by linking the rise of chieftains with the international exchange with the Korean Peninsula. It should be noted, however, that the formation of the Tsuyazaki mounded tomb group and the increase in archeological evidence of immigrant activities took place in the second half of the Middle Kofun Period, while the maturation of Okinoshima rituals occurred at the end of the Early Kofun
Period. There is an apparent time gap. A major task for the future is to look at the intervention of chieftains in the Okinoshima rituals and the life and activities of immigrants in the period from the end of the Early Kofun Period to the first half of the Middle Kofun Period from a broad perspective of the post-Yayoi periods.

The largest tumulus in North Chikuzen during Period 8 corresponding to the end of Middle Kofun Period is considered to be Yamanokami mounded tomb in Iizuka City in Agglomeration Midstream of the Onga. River that has an estimated total length of about 85 meters, even though no exact measurement is.
- reference source : okinoshima-heritage.jp... - pdf file -


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Gifu 岐阜県



中津川市山口 Nakatsugawa city, Yamaguchi
山の神古墳(2号墳)は、直径約15m高さ約3mの規模で、墳丘の一部に葺石が見られます。
古墳の年代について、指定時に「7世紀初頭から中期」と報告されましたが、『山口村誌』では「5世紀終末までは遡らない様」としており、位置付けが定まっていません。昭和32年に行われた発掘調査で須恵器、土師器、刀子が出土しました。
かつてこの古墳の北側にもう1基古墳が存在していたと云われていますが、現在では消滅してしまっており、その姿は確認できません。
- reference source : city.nakatsugawa.gifu.jp... -


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Kagawa 香川県
- quote -
Yama-no-kami Kofungun 山ノ神古墳群 Yamanokami Kofungun
near Sakaide (Kagawa pref.) Nearest Village: Kamo-chō 加茂町

Tumulus no.2 which lies in a paddy field on the way to Ayaori-zuka Kofun and Saginokuchi Kofun has carving of leaves and thatched roof on the left side of chamber. Its passage is broken and the carvings of the inner chamber are easy to be recognised but they are so faint to be photographed.
- source : megalithic.co.uk...


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Nara 奈良県 三輪山の神 Miwa Yamanokami
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Rituals of the Kofun Period: Rituals for the Gods at Mt. Miwayama (exhibition till May 2018)
Mt. Miwayama is an eminent sacred mountain in Japan's ancient history. From the Yamanokami Site at the foot of the mountain, a number of relics used for rituals, including small mirrors, steatite beads and daggers, as well as earthenware models of tools for brewing alcohol were excavated. Rituals associated with the kingdom of the time were carried out in this region.
- - - - - Including:
Miniature Mirror, From Yamanokami Site, Baba, Miwa, Sakurai-shi, Nara, Kofun period, 5th century
Usudama Beads, From Yamanokami Site, Baba, Miwa, Sakurai-shi, Nara, Kofun period, 5th–6th century
Winnow shaped Clay Objects, From Yamanokami Site, Baba, Miwa, Sakurai-shi, Nara, Kofun period, 5th–6th century
Mallet shaped Clay Objects, From Yamanokami Site, Baba, Miwa, Sakurai-shi, Nara, Kofun period, 5th–6th century
Mallet shaped Clay Objects, From Yamanokami Site, Baba, Miwa, Sakurai-shi, Nara, Kofun period, 5th–6th century
Cutting board shaped Clay Objects, From Yamanokami Site, Baba, Miwa, Sakurai-shi, Nara, Kofun period, 5th–6th century
- source : Tokyo National Museum -


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Shizuoka 静岡県,
4 Chome-4-21 Uchinodai, Hamakita Ward, Hamamatsu



Early to Mid 6th century
The Yamanokami Kofun is also a circular type. It is 15.8m in diameter and 1.8m in height. There is a moat on its north side, and a terrace on its south side. The kofun is presumed to be built in the early to mid 6th century.
Artifacts found from this tomb include sue ware (gray stoneware).
The entrance of the horizontal stone chamber was blocked by stones.
- reference source : hamamatsu-books.jp... -

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135 Higashi-Kashiwabara Shinden, Fuji, Shizuoka
静岡県富士市東柏原新田
- reference source : city.fuji.shizuoka.jp... pdf -

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Tokushima 徳島県
 山ノ神古墳群 Yamanokami Kofun gun 
徳島県名西郡石井町石井 Ishii, Myozai District, Tokushima

山ノ神古墳(やまのかみこふん、山の神古墳/山ノ神1号墳/利包古墳<としかねこふん>[1]/利包山古墳[2])は、徳島県名西郡石井町石井にある古墳。形状は前方後円墳。気延山古墳群(うち山ノ神古墳群)を構成する古墳の1つ。史跡指定はされていない。
徳島県北部、吉野川南岸の石井町・徳島市境の気延山(きのべやま)西麓に築造された古墳である[3]。気延山では200基以上の古墳(うち山ノ神古墳群は3基[2])が分布し、本古墳はその中で最大規模になる[3]。本古墳は1978年(昭和53年)に発見されたのち[4]、1983年(昭和58年)に測量調査が[2]、2014年度(平成26年度)以降に発掘調査が実施されている[3][4]。
墳形は
前方後円形で、墳丘に段築は認められていない[4]。墳丘長は約56メートルを測るが、これは徳島県では第3位の規模になる[4][注 1]。円筒埴輪は認められていないが、形象埴輪片や鉄鎌・鉄斧が検出されている[4]。主体部の埋葬施設は粘土槨2基で、墳頂部で並んだ状態で設けられている[5]。以上より、築造時期は古墳時代前期の4世紀後半頃と推定され[4]、山ノ神古墳群含む気延山古墳群では最後の前方後円墳に位置づけられる[3]。
なお、
1号墳のそばには円墳(直径14メートル)が位置し、築造時期は4世紀末頃と推定される[4]。この円墳の周辺部では徳島県内2例目(全国では約70例)となる筒形銅器が出土しており、畿内王権との関わりの点で注目される[4]。
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


source and more photos : sueyasumas.exblog.jp...


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庚申塚古墳・山の神古墳(富士市東柏原)

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Yamanokami Kofun no Kenkyu (The Study of Yamanokami Tumulus)
TSUJITA, Jun'ichiro (2016)

Yamanokami Site in Akishima City 昭島市
? 浄土古墳



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....................................................................... Hyogo 兵庫県 .....




Yamanokami Matsuri festival at 香美町香住区沖浦 / Kasumiku Okinoura, Kami, Mikata District
The children paint their faces black with charcoal and bring offerings to the shrine, walking along about 1 km, on January 8.
They pray for the health and wellbeing of the members of 127 families living there.
This festival dates back to the Heian period, around the year 830.
Yamanokami is seen as a woman who gets angry quite easily.

. Yama no Kami matsuri 山の神祭り Yamanokami festivals .


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有馬郡 Arima district

Yamanokami no tatari 山の神の崇り curse of Yamanokami
If someone cuts a matsu 松 pine tree in the forest, he will be cursed by Yamanokami. He will hurt his neck and his nomi 鑿 chisel will not cut any more.

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朝来市 Asago city 生野町 Ikuno-cho

kaibutsu 怪物 monster
Around 1890, there lived a skilled forest worker named 兵右衛門 Hyoemon. On the day of the festival for Yamanokami he went to the forest. On his way back he stopped at the waterfall near the Shrine. There coming from downstream, he saw a strange creature as large as 10 Tatami mats, of green color, without a head or tail, climbing out of the river.
Hyoemon was frightend and run home as fast as he could, but fell ill on the same day and died a few days later.

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福崎町 Fukusaki 西田原 Nishi-Tawara

Yamanokami Koen 「山の神」公園 Park named Yamanokami
In the park are many Yokai statues, for example of 河童 Kappa and 天狗 Tengu.

There is also a statue of a mother inoshishi イノシシ wild boar, a 妖怪 Yokai monster named Yamanokami.
This statue had one a prize at the Japan-wide competition for Yokai statues. It is about 2 meters high and weighs 200 kg.
Yamanokami is known as an ugly woman, as causing accidents and snowstorms.

. Yamanokami and his messenger, inoshishi 猪 wild boar .

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姫路市 Himeji

In the 飾磨郡 Shikama district, it is not allowed to go to the forest on the Day of Yamanokami, the 9th day of the first lunar month.
If someone does, he will fall from the rocks and get hurt badly.


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出石町 Izushi

The Day of Yamanokami is the 9th day of the 12th lunar month.
On the Day of Yamanokami, nobody is allowed to go to the forest, because Yamanokami counts the trees.
The members of the special prayer group stay at home and say prayers.


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神崎郡 Kanzaki gun 神河町 Kamikawa village

. Black Cow, Black Bull  黒牛と伝説 kuro-ushi, kuroushi .


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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -

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. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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Posted By Gabi Greve to Japan - Shrines and Temples on 8/20/2017 03:11:00 pm