1 Jan 2020

DARUMA - Darumapedia on Facebook


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Darumapedia on Facebook

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. Daruma Museum - Newsletter .  


. . . . . Expanded older entries will be added here since 2016:
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The Darumapedia has expanded over the years.
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Daruma San in Japan, Japanese Art and Culture (01)

24 May 2019

Yamanokami - Tochigi Tokushima Tokyo


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain and Legends
from 栃木県 Tochigi, 徳島県 Tokushima and 東京都 Tokyo


. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .


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....................................................................... Tochigi 栃木県


山の神ドライブイン Yamanokami Drive-In
栃木県鹿沼市上粕尾/キャンプ場 / Kanuma city, Kamikasuo

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. kinki 禁忌 taboo and legends .
On the day when Yamanokami is counting the trees, people should not go to the forest. They might get hurt by cutting their arm with the hatchet or fall under a tree and die.
Yamanokami does not like to see blood.

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安蘇郡 Aso district 田沼町 Tanuma town

. Tengu daoshi 天狗倒し Tengu knocking down trees" .
If a forest worker takes a nap at lunch time, he calls out loud to Yamanokami: "Please, wake me up at xx time!" At the exact time there will be a sound of a large tree falling and the man will wake up. But no tree nearby has fallen down.
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. Yamanokamisama no yasumi ki 山の神様の休み木 Tree to rest .
A tree 三又のナラノキ / 楢 with three stems from the family of Quercus is sacred to Yamanokami, who comes here to rest.
in 1964, some people wanted to cut it down. A painful sound like ヒエーヒエー」 hiee hiee was heard from the cut. But someone said this was not the voice of Yamanokami and they continued without a problem.
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Two fellows went to the forest to work. They were arguing if there was really a being like Yamanokami. On their way back home in the evening, the baskets on their backs were shaken heavily by Yamanokami.

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鹿沼市 Kanuma city

People who work in the forest are not allowed to pour soup over their cooked rice meals, because Yamanokami does not like that.

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鹿沼市 Kanuma city 粟野町 Awano machi town

Once a man was 炭焼き making charcoal on a cold winter night, when something black stuck to his throat. It might have been Yamanokami.
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Once the head of a family went to pray at the shrine of Yamanokami, who was his family deity. While he was there he saw a strange red face with white hair staring at him angrily. This was Yamanokami. The man was afraid and never came back to this shrine.

. ujigami 氏神 clan KAMI deities, family deity .

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那須郡 Nasu district 大山田村 Oyamada mura village

. kitsune densetsu 狐と伝説 fox legends .
If Yamanokami gets angry and envious, he might send a fox to kill a baby. Even if the mother thought she was holding it, suddenly the child was gone and found dead down in the well.



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....................................................................... Tokushima 徳島県

峰八の「山の神神社」Minehachi no Yamanokami Jinja
Deity in residence is 大山積命.
峰八古墳群
- reference source and photos : sueyasumas.exblog... -



Yamanokami Kofun 山ノ神古墳
徳島県名西郡石井町石井 Myozai district, Ishii
- reference source : wikipedia 峰八古墳群 -

石井町における山の神の信仰
1.祠について
2.行事について
(1)祭り
(2)ヤマノクチアケ Yama no kuchi ake
(3)山の神講
3.山の神の祠一覧 (almost 20 Hokora shrines)
4.山の神の祠分布図
おわりに
- source and photos : library.tokushima-ec.ed.jp... -

. Yamanokami kofun 山の神古墳 Yamanokami tumulus of Japan .

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徳島県阿波市土成町吉田山の神、Awa City, Donari town, Yoshida, Yamanokami hamlet

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The third day of the third lunar month is called
shika no aku hi シカのアク日 in the local dialect. People do not work but celebrate with Yamanokami.
On the fourth day they stay at home and hope Yamanokami will come down to the fields to protect them as 田の神 Tanokami.
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In most hamlets people venerate Yamanokami. Before cutting down a tree, they pray at its roots. If they find special marks on the roots, they venerate this tree as sacred to Yamanokami and to not cut it down.

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海部郡 Ama district 宍喰町 Shishikui cho town

If someone immerses himself in the smoke at the fire of the Dondoyaki ritual, he will not loose much weight and strenght in summer.
The 20th day of the first lunar month is sacred to Yamanokami, who plants trees in the forest. So people should not cut trees on this day.

. dondon yaki どんどん焼き Dondon Fire Ritual, Dondo yaki .
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If a tree begins to wither in the forest, it shows that Yamanokami had taken a pee here, so the tree should not be cut down.

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三好郡 Miyoshi district

The 9th day of each month is the festival day of Yamanokami. On this day people are now allowed to sumiyaki 炭焼き make charcoal or go to the mountain forest.
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There is a special place where the makers of wooden items venerate Yamanokami and other poeple are not allowed to go there.
If someone does, he will die a young man.
Since Yamanokami is also the deity 猿田彦 Sarutahiko, nobody may use the word saru 猿 / サル monkey while in the forest.

. kijishi 木地師 maker of wooden items, wood turner .
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. Yamanokami likes Okoze 虎魚 / 鰧魚 / オコゼ / ヲコゼ stonefish .
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. hebi 蛇と伝説 Legends about snakes and serpents .
hikagiri ヒカギリ Hikagiri is a form of Yamanokami and 水神 Suijin the Water Deity.
If someone is bitten by this snake, he will die the same day.
Once a man observed this snake trying to swallow a kiji キジ pheasant, tore it out of its mouth and went home. But the serpent followed him all the way and at the entrance of his house he gave it back to the serpent.

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The bird shijuukara 四十雀 Japanese tit (Parus minor) is 山の神の使い the messenger of Yamanokami.
If a hunter shoots it, the bird will fly up to heaven with a twig of Shikimi (hanashiba ハナシバ) in its beak.
On such a day the hunter should go home and pray.
In some parts of Japan this bird is seen as a harbinger of bad luck. Its voice is interpreted as
「親死ね子死ね、四十九日の餅をつけ」oya shine ko shine shijuukunichi no mochi o tsuke
. shikimi シキミ, 樒 Skimmia, Illicium religiosum .

Another messenger of Yamanokami is hikagiri ヒカギリ Hikagiri, a small serpent with a ring pattern around its neck.

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三好郡 Miyoshi district 東祖谷山村 Higashi Iyayamason village

Trees sacred to Yamanokami are not to be cut down.

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麻植郡 Oe district 山川町 Yamakawa cho town

. 山の神 and Tengu 天狗 the Mountain Goblin .
Once a man cut a branch from 銀杏 a Gingko tree which was in memory of the 赤穂浪士 Ako Roshi legend.
Since then there was often the sound of someone practising with the sword below the tree. But when looking closer, there was nobody.
The noise was also heard in 山の神の森 Yamanokami no Mori wood.
The person who cut down the Gingko tree was later killed, but he came back to life with the face of a Tengu.



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....................................................................... Tokyo 東京都


(1月17日)は山の神のお祭りの日.
January 17 is the Festival of Yamanokami and Tokyo Wood Workers do not go to the forest.
- reference source : tokyowood.net/workers... -

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The 17th day of the third lunar month is sacred to Yamanokami.
On this day people do not go to the mountain forest. Once a man went anyway to collect maki マキ firewood and burned it in the middle of his field, but it started a real yamakaji 山火事 mountain fire.
- - - - -
In the hut where a dead body has been burned, people have to walk around three times before going in, lest Yamanokami will get angry and bewitch him.
Once a man became bewitched, went to the sea and drowned.
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. O-inu sama オイヌ様 / Oinusama 御犬様 O Inu Sama, Wolf Deity .
Once people quarreled about the existence of O-Inu Sama. The man who had insisted there was NO such Deity passed a spot where a creature with four legs stopped him from passing.


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神津島 Kozushima island 神津島村 Kozushima village

. Yamanokami and Tengu 天狗 the Mountain Goblin legends .
Once a man cut down sugi no ki 杉の木 an old cedar tree of more than 100 years, where Yamanokami (and his alter-ego, 大天狗・小天狗 Big and Small Tengu) reside).
The deity got very angry about loosing its home and killed all the members of the wood cutter's family.
To show his regret and apology, he planted a new tree.

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三宅島 Mitakejima Island 三宅村 Mitake mura village

If someone cuts down a tree sacred to Yamanokami, he will be bewitched, which is called
kirikomi キリコミ in the local dialect.

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西多摩郡 Nishi-Tama district 桧原村 Hinohara village

A Shaman has the ability to see the figure of the local deity.
At 和田の山 Mount Wadayama it is a hebi 蛇 serpent.
At 大沢の山 Mount Osawayama it is a small serpent
At another mountain, where the female Yamanokami went as a bride, it is a serpent with a large belly.

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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -

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. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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- #yamanokami #godofthemountains #tanokami #tochigi #tokushima #tokyo -
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Japan - Shrines and Temples on 2/14/2019 09:44:00 am

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YAMANOKAMI - Shimane Shizuoka legends

https://japanshrinestemples.blogspot.com/2019/02/yamanokami-regional-27-shimane-shizuoka.html

Yamanokami Regional 27 Shimane Shizuoka

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Legends from Shimane 島根県 and Shizuoka 静岡県


. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .


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....................................................................... Shimane 島根県 .....


古民家カフェ 山の神 An old farm house turned cafe named Yamanokami
鳥取県日南町阿毘縁 Nichinan town, Abire hamlet
Nearby is the rose garden バラ園 AVONLEA
- source and more photos : ameblo.jp/club-shimane... -

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- - - - - 山の神 Yamanokami - - - - -

Yamanokami and 飛騨の工 a master carpenter from Hida made a competition. The carpenter said he could built three houses until next morning.
Yamanokami weaved a cloth and tried to cover the whole mountain area.
Next morning the three houses were almost finished when suddenly the whole mountain was covered in white snow - so Yamanokami had won.
. "Hida no Takumi" 飛騨の匠 Master Builder, carpenter from Hida, Gifu .
- - - - -
Yamanokami is blind.
Therefore wood cutters plant a fresh branch by the side of a stump from a tree they have just cut down.
Every night Yamanokami comes to count the trees and if there is no branch, she will know the tree has been cut and punish the wood cutter.
- - - - -
The main mountain forest had all been cut down, so Yamanokami went off to 三瓶山 Mount Sanbesan (1,126 m).

(Father, Son and Grandchild Sanbe.)
- - - - -
If a cow has gotten lost in the mountain, people make an offering of Okoze, which Yamanokami likes, and then the animal will be found soon.
. okoze 虎魚 / 鰧魚 / オコゼ / ヲコゼ stonefish and Yamanokami .
- - - - -
kagayaku mono 輝くもの something sparkling
If a fishing boat gets lost in the wild waters of the Nihonkai sea, there might be a light on the top of the mountain. Fishermen use this light to come back home safely.
Therefore the local fishermen often go to the top of the mountain to pray to Yamanokami.
- - - - -
matsu no ki 松の木 pine tree,sugegasa 菅笠
Along the Shiga river there is a huge pine tree.
Once a wood cutter was trying to cut id down, but when he looked up, he saw a sugegasa 菅笠 sedge hat hanging up there. When he looked closer, he suddenly felt very ill and could not cut the tree.

. sugegasa 菅笠と伝説 Legends about the sedge hat .


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Yamabiko 山彦 Echo
Yamabiko Echo is the voice of things given to them by Yamanokami.
Once a hunter tried to break off a branch from a dry tree to make a fire. It made the sound of ポン PON ,
and the forest on the other side responded with the same sound.
The hunter was surprized and called out "Whow!" and the answer "WHOW" came back soon.
The hunter became afraid and run for home as fast as he could.

. Yamabiko 山彦 / やまびこ "Echo".
- also featured as a Yokai monster

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. Yamanba, Yamauba 山姥 / 山ン婆 mountain hag monster .
On the 9th day of the second lunar month, Yamanba is cooking rice. On this day people are not allowed to go the the mountain or cut trees.
Yamanba is another name for Yamanokami, others say it is the wife of a Tengu.

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. Yamanokami and 天狗 Tengu legends .
Once a man worked in the forest and the Tengu came to help him. But he used the taboo-word sakana 肴 when talking and the Tengu left.
The man called on Yamanokami for help, but then he used the taboo-word mochi 餅 and Yamanokami got angry.
After that the man could not go to the mountai forest any more.


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飯石郡 Iishi district

Kanayago sama no tatari カナヤゴ様のたたり the curse of the Kanayago deity
Kanayago is 炭焼きの神・火の神・鉄山の神 the female deity venerated by charcoal makers, protecting from fire and in mines.
She is venerate dway back in the valley of Ibaradani 井原谷.
The deity tends to curse people who do not keep the rituals, pee in her direction or cut off branches from sacred trees.
Once she cursed the family of 山口恭一家 Yamaguchi Kyoichi.
. Kanayagogami 金屋子神 / カナヤゴガミ Deity of the Blacksmith .
- - - - -
Koojin san 荒神さん Kojin Deity
At 穴見谷・大向 Omukai / Anamidani valley on the 14th day and at 井原谷 Ibaradani on the 16th day the young men of the village pound straw, making a sound like hotohoto ホトホト. They make 藁の馬 straw horses and walk through the village, throwing one straw horse for each family. Then the horses are venerated at the Shrine for Yamanokami.
This is also the Shrine for the Kojin Deity 荒神 Aragami. They also offer a ritual Sakaki branch.

. Aragami 荒神と伝説 Legends about the Aragami deity .
- Koojinsama, Koojin sama 荒神様 Kojin sama, "rough god", "wild deity"
- - - - -
Yamanokami san no sawari 山の神さんのさわり negative feeling of Yamanokami
If someone feels his eyes going bad or his body in bad condition for some days, they say it is the negative feeling of 水神さん the Deity of Water or 山の神さん the Deity of the Mountain.

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日原 Nippara

Yamanokami is venerated at special trees in the mountain forest.
On the 9th day of the 10th lunar month, the festival day of Yamanokami, if people go to the forest they will get injured.
A man who cut down a tree sacred to Yamanokami got ill and could not get up for more than 10 years, then he finally died all of a sudden. His wife and his cows also died.

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隠岐郡 Oki district 都万村 Tsumamura village

kazamichi カザミチ road of the Deity (kami no michi)
The path where Yamanokami passes. If someone cuts a tree along this path, he will get a great injury.

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邑智郡 Oochi district

The saotome 早乙女 female planters of the rice fields of 大石家 the Oishi family wre one more as there are.
That was rather strange. When they brought the lunch trays there was one less then counted before and one tray was too much.
They said that Yamanokami from the mountain behind the home had come to help.
A curious servant once followed the one female helper, but lost sight of her half way up the mountain.



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....................................................................... Shizuoka 静岡県 .....



. Yamanokami kofun 山の神古墳 Yamanokami tumulus in Japan .
Higashikashiwabara Shinden, Fuji
Uchinodai, Hamakita Ward, Hamamatsu

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西臼塚 山の神 Nishiizuzuka Yamanokami
Awakura, Fujinomiya
- reference source : photohi.sakura.ne.jp/fuji-nishi... -

山の神滝 Yamanokami taki waterfall
Takumi, Aoi Ward, Shizuoka city

山の神 歴史博物館 History museum
Fujieda, Okabecho Miwa

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. Hitotsume Kozoo 一つ目小僧 Hitotsume Kozo - Young Monk with One Eye . .


source : wikiwand

me hitotsu kozoo, mehitotsu kozō 目一つ小僧 - same as hitotsume kozo

In Atami city
Mehitotsu Kozo is seen as Yamanokami, a Tengu.
On the 8th day of the second and 12th lunar month, children have a special song:

source : kawahata-m.cocolog-nifty...

「大寒小寒、山から小僧がやって来た」
On the day of great cold and small cold, the young monk comes from the mountain."


In Shimoda city
On the 8th day of the second and 12th lunar month, people put a baskets of woven bamboo (mekago 目籠)) on a pole.
This will prevent Mehitostu Kozo from coming.


source : wikipedia

. koto hajime 事始 beginning of work and activities .
Starting of February 8. Work stopped on December 8.
Both days with an 8 are called "Days of Work (things)" (koto no hi 事の日).
.....koto no yooka 事八日(ことようか)"day number 8"
- - - -
Hitotsume Kozo is usually seen as a Yokai monster which brings bac luck. Some say it is a Tengu with one eye and one leg.

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- - - - - Shizuoka . Yamanba, Yamauba 山姥 / 山ン婆 mountain hag monster .

浜松市 Hamamatsu city 天竜区佐久間町 Tenryu ward, Sakuma town

When Yamanba started to build Mount Fujisan, she carried earth from Mount Kurakiyama. On her way at night she heard the sound of someone grinding a mortar and went there. leaving the earth. This became 浅間山 Mount Asamasan.
- - - - -
On 倉木山 Mount Kurakiyama (1,155 m) there lived a Yamanba. She had three sons,
龍筑坊 Ryuchikubo,白髯童子 Shirahige doji and 常光坊 Jokobo.
They became the lords of the areas 龍頭嶺 / 竜頭峰 Ryutozan, 神三沢(三つ森 Mitsumori)and 山住奥の院 Yamazumi Oku no In (in that order).
The Yamanba later took off and lived at 浅間山 Mount Asamasan in 佐久間 Sakuma.
Her living quarters were the home of 杉本家 the Sugimoto family. The name of their estate was カリヤド Kariyado. In the mountain in the back of the estate was a sanctuary for Yamanokami, where Yamanba had planted wisteria.
Yamanba often helped pregnant women during birth and showed them how to weave.
But one day she ate the baby of the family and had to hide in a cave at Mount Kurakiyama. It was dark (kurai) there and that changed to the name of the mountain, Kuraki.
Much later the Samurai 平賀中務 Hiraga Nakatsukasa and 矢部後藤左衛門 Yabe Goto Izaemon came and chased her away. Now she had to fly to 秋葉山 Mount Akibasan.

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熱海市 Atami city

If someone goes to the mountain on the day of the festival for Yamanokami, he will be blown away by kamikaze 神風 a divine storm.

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榛原郡 Haibara district 本川根町 Honkawane town

Some farmers burning the fields in spring near a place where Yamanokami is venerated have been cursed.
To get rid of the curse they had to perform special purification rituals.

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浜松市 Hamamatsu city 天竜区佐久間町 Tenryu ward, Sakuma town

大平の一本足 Ohira no ippon ashi,山男 Yamaotoko,白髯童子 Shirahige doji
角右衛門 Kakuemon and 助右衛門 Sukeemon head a voice deep in the mountain, calling:
"Run away, run away fast!" There was a yamaotoko 山男 maountain man with a white beard smoking the leaves of momi no ki 樅の木 fir tree. This mountain man was Shirahige Doji. So the two villagers fled in haste.
Three days later Kakuemon made Miso paste when someone from behind talked to him. He saw a huge man, but only his up to the knees, the rest of the body was too high up. Kakuemon went to Kikoemon to tell him, but his friend had been in bed, and he died soon.

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庵原郡 Ihara district 両河内村 Ryogochi village

kechiyama ケチヤマ mountain off-limits
Once upon a time, a girl with a kaburokko カブロッコ haircut like a Kappa had appeared here and since then Yamanokami is venerated>
The area is now ケチ地 off limits.

source : line-tatsujin.com/detail...
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. keyaki 欅 Zelkova and fuji 藤 wisteria tree .

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引佐郡 Inasa district 引佐町 Inasa town

Yamanokami no taiju 山の神の大樹 the huge tree of Yamanokami
If someone cuts the sacred tree at 田沢 Tazawa or burns its leaves, he will be cursed.

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伊豆の国市 Izunokuni city

Someone went to the forest on the day of the festival for Yamanokami, but he was hit by an arrow and lost his eyesight.

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賀茂郡 Kamo district 松崎町 Matsuzaki town

Yamanokami is seen as a woman.
Once a villager passed the sanctuary for Yamanokami in the late evening, when he saw a young woman of about 17 or 18 years carrying a boy on her back. He tried to talk to her, but she did not say anything and went on up the mountain, until he could not see her any more.
Yamanokami does not show her human features to villagers very often, so he was quite proud.

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静岡市 Shizuoka city 葵区 Aoi ward

. shinboku 神木, shinju 神樹 sacred tree, divine tree .

hyoorayama ヒョーラ山 Hyora mountain
A mountain with a tree sacred to Yamanokami is called Hyora mountain.
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. kashi no ki カシの木 / 樫 oak tree .
This tree is sacred to Yamanokami. If someone tries to cut such an old tree, he will be cursed, die soon or get injured.

. Legends about trees .
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. yama-inu, yamainu 山犬、豺 "mountain dog" - wolf legends .
Both parents were preparing the fields and burning them in sprig. They took a break and made some tea but forgot to give some offerings to Yamanokami.
That night they heard the eerie howling of a wolf and could not sleep at all.


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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -

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. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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