Showing posts with label Shrine. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Shrine. Show all posts

19 Nov 2019

SHINTO - Fukunokami Legends

https://japanshrinestemples.blogspot.com/2019/07/fuku-no-kami-legends.html

Fuku no Kami legends

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Shinto Shrines (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities .
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Fuku no Kami, Fukunokami 福の神
God of Good Luck and Happiness


. Fuku no Kami 福の神 God of Good Luck / Fukusuke 福助 .
Introduction




- quote -
The god of happiness, represented in kyogen 狂言 plays by a masked figure kyogenmen 狂言面.
Fuku-no-kami always has a jovial, laughing expression like that of Ebisu 恵比須, and he is often portrayed using the ebisu mask. There are some masks specifically used for fuku-no-kami, whose features are carved with taut outlines indicating youth and refinement. This mask is used to play the central role in the kyogen play called FUKU-NO-KAMI 福の神.
- source : JAANUS -




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- His opponent is
. Binbogami 貧乏神 / ビンボウノカミ Bimbogami, Deity of Poverty .

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


....................................................................... Aichi 愛知県 .....

ibohikida いぼひきだ a monster toad with warts
This toad-monster used black magic. Others say he is Fukunokami and if he lives below the veranda people should not tease or anger him.

. hikigaeru 蟇蛙 Legends about the toad, Bufo vulgaris .


source : Okinawa China School




....................................................................... Aomori 青森県 .....
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. ushi 牛と伝説 Legends about ox, bull, cow . . .
Once a villager got up early in the morning and saw two cows from his home walking to the neighbours house.
The man thought that Fukunokami must be living there and indeed, the neighbour became rich and prosperous.
His own family became extinct.




....................................................................... Chiba 千葉県 .....
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山武郡 Sanbu district

Ebisu sama エビス様 Honorable Ebisu
During the New Year, Ebisu walks around the area. To let him have some money, people put out an offering of a square wooden box filled with coins.
Ebisu is also called Ie no Kami 家の神 Kami of the Family.

. Ebisu 恵比寿 and Daikoku 大黒 .




....................................................................... Ehime 愛媛県 .....
.......................................................................
南宇和郡 Minami-Uwa district 愛南町 Ainan town

Before drawing wakamizu 若水 the first water of the year, people light the water surface with taimatsu 松明 a torch.
In former times they could see Fuku no Kami in the water.

. wakamizu 若水 first drawing of water, "young water" .
drawing the first water of the year at the double-hour of the tiger (tora no koku 寅の刻, from four to six in the morning) ...




....................................................................... Fukushima 福島県 .....
.......................................................................
南会津郡 Minami-Aizu district 南郷村 Nango village

Binbogami 貧乏神
Once a man heard footsteps at night and went out to have a look, there was a boozu 坊主 priest and he asked him:
"Where are you going?"
He replied "貧乏神 Binbogami" and the man was fast to repeat "Binbogami".
Later the priest came back again. This time he was invited into the home with great hospitality and became the Fuku no Kami of the family.




....................................................................... Gunma 群馬県 .....
.......................................................................
高崎市 Takasaki city 吉井町 Yoshii town

If one blows the flute in the morning, Fuku no Kami will not come.





....................................................................... Ibaraki 茨城県 .....
.......................................................................
行方郡 Namegata district 麻生町 Aso town

. Setsubun - oni wa soto 鬼は外 "Demons, get out!" .
On the day of Setsubun 節分 the Seasonal Divide people make special offerings, especially of hiiragi柊 a holly branch and put them on butsudan 仏壇 the Buddhist family altar, the kamidana 神棚 shelf of the Gods, for the 井戸の神 Ido no Kami and other places to make sure, the demons do not come in.
The offerings of iwashi イワシ are eaten by fuku no kami 福の神 the God of Good Luck.

. oni to hiiragi 鬼と柊 Demon and the Holly branch .

. Ido no Kami 井戸の神 / Idogami 井戸神 Deity of the Well .



....................................................................... Kyoto 京都府 .....

. Fukunokami and Binbogami .




....................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県 .....

If one taps on the side of the fireplace or beats a drum in the middle of the night, 貧乏神 Binbogami feels happy.
If one blows a flute in the house, Binbogami will come and Fuku no Kami will flee.
If one sings in the morning while still in bed, Binbogami will come.




....................................................................... Nagano 長野県 .....
.......................................................................
南佐久郡 Minami-Saku district 川上村 Kawakami village

If one tries to heat an empty water pot or hits the handle of the pan, Fuku no Kami will flee.
If one lights a fire for no purpose, 荒神 Aragami sama will send divine punishment.

. Aragami 荒神と伝説 Legends about the Aragami deity .
荒神様 Kojin sama, "rough god", "wild deity" - Hearth deity




....................................................................... Nagasaki 長崎県 .....
.......................................................................
西海市 Saikai city 西彼町 (せいひちょう) Seibi

On the first day of the New Year Fukunokami is walking around, so people have to hide metal things and money.




....................................................................... Niigata 新潟県 .....
.......................................................................
南蒲原郡 Minami-Kanbara district

If someone hits the bottom of the masu 桝 square wooden box used to measure rice, Fukunokami will run away.


masu with 大黒天 Daikoku the God of Good Luck

. masu 升 / 桝 measuring box .




....................................................................... Okayama 岡山県 .....
.......................................................................
真庭市 Maniwa town 鹿田 Shikata

. Marishiten 摩利支天 Marishi Ten .
In 落合町 Ochiai town many families venerate Marishi Ten in the home.
In 鹿田の陽堂 Shikata village they venerate him on a great rock in front of the house as Fukunokami.





....................................................................... Shiga 滋賀県 .....
.......................................................................
高島市 Takashima city

In people let pieces of a matsu no ki 松の木 pine tree smolder in the irori 囲炉裏 open hearth, Fukunokami can use the smoke to come down and bring good luck.

. irori 囲炉裏 / 居炉裏 / いろり open sunken hearth .





....................................................................... Yamaguchi 山口県 .....
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豊浦郡 Toyoura district 豊田町 Toyota (Toyoda)

Someone said Fuku no Kami had been here and put a mountain of gold on the roots of kaki no ki 柿ノ木 the persimmon tree.
But the man was too afraid to go out and have a look and did not get any.

. Legends about 柿ノ木 the Persimmon Tree .

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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- #fukunokami #godofgoodluck #fukusuke -
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12 Nov 2019

SHINTO - Kawanokami water legends

https://japanshrinestemples.blogspot.com/2019/07/kawanokami-legends.html

Kawanokami legends

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Shinto Shrines (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities .
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kawa no kami 川の神と伝説 Legends about the "River Deity"

Kappa 河童 is a"Kawa no Kami" 川の神 / 河の神 (lit. River Deity)
. Kawa no Kami, 水神 Suijin and Kappa .
- Introduction -
Kappa カッパ is often seen as Kawanokami or Mizunokami.

. Mizu no Kami, Mizunokami 水の神 Deity of Water .


- quote -
Kappa
mentioned in the Nihon Shoki 日本書紀 (Chronicles of Japan), one of Japan's earliest official records, compiled around 720 AD.
Other names: Kahaku (Nihongi)
A generic name for kami of rivers and streams.
The lineage of this kami is not described in the classics. Nihongi's record of Emperor Nintoku's reign contains an anecdote regarding the offering of human sacrifices (hitobashira) to the river deity called "Lord of the River" (Jp. kahaku; Ch. Hebo) at the occasion of constructing a riverbank, and Nihongi's record of Empress Kōgyoku likewise notes that during a great drought, prayers were offered without effect to the "Lord of the River." The Man'yōshū includes poems indicating that the river kami serves the emperor, and numerous records from the Nara period reflect the offering of prayers to the kami of famous mountains and great rivers.
- reference source : Kokugakuin - Nakayama Kaoru -





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kahaku, kawa no kami 河伯 River Deity, "river chief"
Kahaku Shushin 河伯主神




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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


. ryuujin 竜神 /龍神 と伝説 Ryujin, Legends about the Dragon Deity .
Kawanokami is often seen as the same as the Ryujin Dragon Deity.
When he is offshore in the sea his wave pattern can sometimes be seen. In that case the fishermen sit down and pray to the deity.




......................................................................................... Akita 秋田県
.......................................................................
山本郡 Yamamoto district 二ツ井町 Futatsui town

Once upon a time, there was a year with not enough rain and water, people say the Kappa has come out and eaten all the cucumbers.
Since then farmers take the first two cucumbers of the harvest and throw it into the river shouting:
"川の神 Kawanokami, this is our offering!"




......................................................................................... Chiba 千葉県
.......................................................................
夷隅郡 Isumi district 夷隅町 Isumi town

Kappa is seen as Mizunokami, Kawanokami and an incarnation of a dragon deity.
If children are drowning in a river, this is the malicious deed of Kappa.




......................................................................................... Hyogo 兵庫県
.......................................................................
豊岡市 Toyooka city 竹野町 Takeno town

kawasoso, kawa soso 川ソソ Kamakami is called Kawasoso
He usually suppresses the Kappa 川コ Kawako, but lets him go on the last day of the sixth lunar month.
If someone goes into the river on this day, Kawako will take out his inner organs through the anus. He uses some iron tools to do that.




......................................................................................... Iwate 岩手県

Before peeing into a river, people ask Kawanokami to forgive them, to avoid his wrath.




......................................................................................... Kagoshima 鹿児島県


. Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain .
and Kawanokami, Kappa legends




......................................................................................... Kumamoto 熊本県
.......................................................................
熊本市 Kumamoto city

Kawanokami no tatari 川の神の祟 the curse of Kawanokami
Once there lived a man in the city called 平川円蔵 Hirakawa Enzo.
One he went to the local shrine and went to cut down the shinboku 神木 sacred tree, saying it was superstition not to cut such a tree.
Soon his wife became bewitched by the Kawanokami from the river 球磨川 Kumagawa and many strange things happened.

. shinboku 神木, shinju 神樹 sacred tree, divine tree .




......................................................................................... Nagasaki 長崎県
.......................................................................

On the 29th day of the 11th lunar month, Kawanokami comes walking along the road.
There is a strange noise like hyuuhyuu heard along the side of the pond.
It looks like a chidori 千鳥 plover with a long, red beek.
Sometimes it more looks like a man with a high hat, followed by many others. If people try to peek at the procession to see it clearly, it becomes invisible.


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -


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- Reference : 川の神

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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- - - - -  H A I K U  - - - - -

焼米を炒るや川の神見そなはす

長谷川零餘子 Hasegawa Reiyoshi (1886 - 1928)


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- #kawanokami #rivergod #riverdeity #flussgott #mizunokami #kappa #yamanokami -
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29 Oct 2019

- SHINTO - Ido no Kami Legends

https://japanshrinestemples.blogspot.com/2019/06/ido-no-kami-well-legends.html

Ido no Kami well legends

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Shinto Shrines (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities .
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Ido no Kami 井戸の神 / Idogami 井戸神 Deity of the Well

Another name for the
. Mizu no Kami, Mizunokami 水の神 Deity of Water .

水神様 / スイジンサマ Suijin Sama

venerated in Katsuyama, Okayama

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furui no kami 井戸の神, furui kami, furuikami 古井神 Deity of the old well

source : ameblo.jp/takenichi...

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Shrine 御井神社 Mii Jinja "the honorable well"
2518 Hikawacho Naoe, Izumo, Shimane / 斐川町



- quote -
Okuninushi and the Rabbit
..... in Hikawa is Mii Shrine, which has three wells on its grounds
that are said to have been used by Yagami-hime when she gave birth to the child she had with Okuninushi.
- source : japanesemythology... -


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井戸の神聖化 - wikipedia

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. sarashi i, sarashi-i . 晒井 さらしい cleaning the well .
well-cleaning, i zarai 井浚(いざらい)
ido zarai 井戸浚, 井戸浚い(いどざらい)
ido gae 井戸替(いどがえ)"changeing the well"
- idohori shi 井戸堀師 digging a well or making a new well



idobata kaigi 井戸端会議 debates (gossip) at the well
Women used to come to the village wells and designated places along rivers to do the laundry and the mental laundry (gossip)。

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- - - The Kappa is often seen as Mizunokami, Suijin
. suijin 水神 河童 Kappa as a water deity .
and Kappa Jinja 河童神社 Kappa Shinto Shrines

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- Reference : 井戸の神


. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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- - - - -  H A I K U  - - - - -

井戸神の遠くに見ゆる雑煮かな
Idogami no tooku ni miyuru zooni kana

斎藤夏風 Saito Kafu


雪明りして井戸神の鏡餅
yuki akari shite Idogami no kagami mochi

赤石明子 Akashi Akiko


source : fujiclean.co.jp/fujiclean/water...


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. kawaya no kami 厠の神 God of the Toilet .
厠神 Benjogami / Kookagami 後架神 Kokagami

The God of the Toilet is the Elder Sister,
The God of the Well, Shinzui san シンズイさん is the younger sister.
At the bottom of the Well fro Shinzui zanthere are three stones.
This deity does not like metal things. If something made of metal falls into the well and is not taken out very soon, people have to abandon this well and make a new one. If they do not, family members will get ganbyoo 眼病 eye disease.

. Legends about eye diseases .


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .




....................................................................... Aichi 愛知県 .....
.......................................................................
豊田市 Toyota city 岩倉町 Iwakura town

Idogami sama 井戸神様
In 1881, a family had a performance in the home and then put a cover on the well for everybody to walk over. But this caused a curse of Idogami sama 井戸神様.
The mother of the family got crazy and begun to perform all day long. Grandmother had a toxic disease and when Grandfather went to 観音様 Kannon Sama to pray for her health, she felt better.




....................................................................... Fukuoka 福岡県 .....

. Suijin sama スイジンサマ, the Kappa Water Deity .
The Idogami 井戸神 God of the Well is also called Suijin Sama.




....................................................................... Hyogo 兵庫県 .....
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姫路市 Himeji city 飾磨郡 Shikama district

If someone places a knife on the kama 竈 hearth, Ido no Kamisama 井戸の神様 begins to cry.

. kama, kamado 竈 Legends about the kitchen hearth .




....................................................................... Ibaraki 茨城県 .....
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行方郡 Namegata district 麻生町 Aso town

. Setsubun - oni wa soto 鬼は外 "Demons, get out!" .
On the day of Setsubun 節分 the Seasonal Divide people make special offerings, especially of hiiragi柊 a holly branch and put them on butsudan 仏壇 the Buddhist family altar, the kamidana 神棚 shelf of the Gods, for the 井戸の神 Ido no Kami and other places to make sure, the demons do not come in.
The offerings of iwashi イワシ are eaten by fuku no kami 福の神 the God of Good Luck.

. oni to hiiragi 鬼と柊 Demon and the Holly branch .

. fuku no kami 福の神 God of Good Luck .




....................................................................... Kagawa 香川県 .....
.......................................................................
三豊郡 Mitoyo district 詫間町 Takuma town

Before filling in an old well, there must be a purification ritual performed.
To make sure the Ido no Kami san 井戸の神さん can come back any time, there must be a bamboo pole in the ground. Ido no Kami can then slip through this pole and come and go as he pleases.




....................................................................... Kagoshima 鹿児島県 .....
.......................................................................
薩摩郡 Satsuma district 東郷町 Togo town

After a new well is made, there must be an offering of nasu 茄子 eggplants.
If this is not done, the Mizunokami will leave his tooth bite visible.



....................................................................... Kyoto 京都府 .....
.......................................................................
福知山市 Fukuchiyama city

If people stay too long near the well and talk and talk . . . the Ido no kami 井戸ノ神 gets angry and disappears.




....................................................................... Nagasaki 長崎県 .....
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西海市 Saikai city 西彼町 Seihi town

Ido no Kami is the same as 水神 Mizugami.
If someone in the family gets ill, Mizugami must be angry.
Making offerings of miki お神酒 ritual rice wine, shio 塩 salt and kome 米 rice grains will cure the person.





....................................................................... Wakayama 和歌山県 .....
.......................................................................
有田郡 Arida district 金屋町 Kanaya town

Ido no Kamisama is Suijin san 水神さん.
Once an old woman became a strong headache. A healer told her that she had not been respectful to Suijin san 水神さん.
She began to say her prayers regularly and was soon healed.

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -
井戸神 / 井戸の神 / イドガミ / 井戸ノ神 - ok

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- #idookami #welldeity #suijin #mizunokami -
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24 Oct 2019

SHINTO - Mizunokami legends

https://japanshrinestemples.blogspot.com/2019/06/mizu-no-kami-water-legends.html

mizu no kami water legends

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
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Mizu no Kami, Mizunokami 水の神 Deity of Water - Legends

. Mizu no Kami 水の神 Deity of Water / Suijin 水神 .
- Introduction -

水神様 / スイジンサマ Suijin Sama


venerated in Katsuyama, Okayama


- Another name for this deity is
. Ido no Kami 井戸の神 / Idogami 井戸神 Deity of the Well .

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. Uma to Mizu no Kami 馬と水の神 Mizunokami and Horse Legends .

. Unagi to Mizu no Kami 鰻と水の神 Mizunokami and Eel Legends .

- - - A dragon is often seen as Mizunokami.
. ryuu, ryū 龍 / 竜 と伝説 Ryu - dragon legends .

- - - A serpent is often seen as Mizunokami.
. hebi 蛇と伝説 Legends about snakes and serpents .

- - - The Kappa is often seen as Mizunokami Suijin
. suijin 水神 河童 Kappa as water deity .
and Kappa Jinja 河童神社 Kappa Shinto Shrines

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. kani 蟹 crab, Krabbe .
People who believe in 金毘羅権現 Konpira Gongen think that crabs are messengers of Mizunokami.
When they make a wish, they stop eating crabs until it is fulfilled. Some have never eaten a crab in their whole life.

. Konpira Daigongen . 金毘羅大権現 .




............................................................................ Akita 秋田県
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仙北郡 Senboku district

. tanishi 田螺 mud snails .
Mud snails are seen as messengers of Mizunokami. They protect from fire.




............................................................................ Fukuoka 福岡県
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みやま市 Miyama city 瀬高町 Setaka machi town

Suijin sama スイジンサマ, the Kappa
The Idogami 井戸神 God of the Well is also called Suijin Sama.
Its festival is on the 5th day of the 5th lunar month and called
Kappa San Matsuri 河童さん祭り Festival of Kappan San.
People make special offerings of salt, small sardines a
nd rice packed in large bamboo leaves and add some Sake poured into bamboo tubes.



............................................................................ Fukushima 福島県
.......................................................................
いわき市 Iwaki city

mochi 餅 rie cakes for Suijin Sama
On the New Years day people make offerings of mochi 餅 rice cakes, put red chopsticks into them and fasten a mizuhiki 水引 auspicious paper string around it.
This offering is hung on the jizai kagi 自在かぎ / 自在鈎 pot hook over the open hearth.
When the whole family gathers around the hearth, someone takes it of secretly and eats the rice cake to become a strong man.



. irori 囲炉裏 / 居炉裏 / いろり open sunken hearth .




............................................................................ Ishikawa 石川県
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鳳至郡 Hosu district 門前町 Monzen

daija 大蛇 a huge serpent
In the upper stream of the river 五十洲川 Igisugawa there is a deep river pool where people perform amagoi 雨乞い rain rituals.
The Mizunokami was seen as a huge serpent.
Once this serpent wanted to get a young woman from the village. The parents of the girl made a doll and put some poison inside. They left the doll on the river side and the huge serpent ate it - and then died.




............................................................................ Kagawa 香川県
.......................................................................
東かがわ市 Higashi-Kagawa city

Suijin Sama does not like metal things, so they must not be thrown into water.





............................................................................ Kagoshima 鹿児島県

. Legends about the Kappa 河童伝説 from Kyushu.

.......................................................................
熊毛郡 Kumage district 上屋久町 Kamiyaku town

suijin sa 水人サア Suijin Sama (in the local dialect)
In the local river lives a Kappa, called ガラッパ Garappa in the local dialect.
Many years ago a fisherman was stolen his mussels and fish by this Kappa.
If people make offerings of salt and rice to 川の水神様 the Mizu no Kamisama, Water Deity of the River, they will have no accidents.
If one coughs loud to announce his presence before going into the river or the sea for fishing, Suijin will not be taken by surprize and not curse anyone.

.......................................................................
川内市 Sendai city 向田町 Mukoda town

suijin sekizoo 水神石像,Garappa ガラッパ
There is a large statue of Mizunokami in the village which resembles very much the local Garappa Kappa.

.......................................................................
曽於郡 Soo district

Suijin Sama スイジンサマ -
names for the Kappa ガラッパサン Garappa san,ガラッパドン Garappa Don
Garappa don steals cucumbers to eat and pulls children into the river.
Until around 1950 on the day of the Spring Equinox, people could hear a voice like a bird, ピーピー piipii and thought that Suijin Sama is now coming down from the mountains to the river (like Yamanokami and Tanokami).
People can not see the deity, but the sound is frightening and they can not sleep.
In Autumn, when the Deity goes back from the river to the mountain, the villagers do not hear any soune.

.......................................................................
鹿児島市 Kagoshima city

山の神様 Yama no Kami Sama and 水神様 Suijin Sama
Once a hunter was in the mountains when his wife gave birth to a boy. A few years later on the 16th day of the 5th lunar month, Suijin Sama would come to get the baby, but the clever father bound the boy tight to a pole and all was fine.
On this day people also write the name of their children on a cucumber, a special food of Kappa san, and throw it into the river as an offering.





............................................................................ Kumamoto 熊本県
.......................................................................
球磨郡 Kuma district 多良木町 Taragi town

names for the Kappa
ガワッパ Gawappa,水神様 Suijin sama,ヤマンタロウ Yama-n-Taro,カワンカミサン Kawa-n-Kami San
People make offerings of dango 団子 rice dumplings for the River Festival and later eat them at home to be protected from mischieves of the River Kappa.
This River Kappa goes back to the mountain forest in Autumn.
.
At the temple 青蓮寺 Shoren-Ji
They celebrate and get 水神の札 an amulet from Suijin on the first day of the second and 12th month of the lunar calendar.
To prorect them from water accidents, the villagers make mochi 餅 rice cakes, write the ritual name of Kobo Daishi 南無大師遍照金剛 on paper to wrap the rice cakes and place them on a stone by the river or throw them into the river.







............................................................................ Miyagi 宮城県
.......................................................................
本吉町 Motoyoshi town

mizu no kami san 水の神さん
When they wanted to built a new road, they had to fill up the well and relocate the statue of 地蔵 Jizo Bosatsu.
Jizo and Mizunokami and Hinokami 火の神 "Deity of Fire" came out every night to meet at the new spot. After some special rituals they stopped to come.

. Legends about Jizo Bosatsu - 地蔵菩薩 .





............................................................................ Miyazaki 宮崎県

. Legends about the Kappa 河童伝説 from Kyushu.

.......................................................................
東臼杵郡 Higashi-Usuki district 西郷村 Nishigo village

Hyoosubo ヒョウスボ Hyosubo (a name for Kappa)
Hyosubo is seen as Mizunokami. In Autumn he goes up to the mountains, in Spring he comes down to the river (just like Yamanokami and Tanokami).
When he is up in the mountains, he sometimes calls 「ヒョー」 hyoooo.

.......................................................................
都城市 Miyakonojo

gaguresan ガグレサン a Kappa 河童
When giving birth it is best to have three deities near by:
鬼子母神 Kishibojin, 箒神様 Hokigami and 水の神様 Mizunokami (in his form as Gagure san).





............................................................................ Niigata 新潟県
.......................................................................
新発田市 Shibata city

Suijin sama 水神様
On the 15th day of the 11th lunar month, people express their gratitude for water.
They make offerings and place them near their ido 井戸 well and along the slope on the beach on branches of the
enoki 榎 nettle tree. To prevent them from meeting any monsters, the villagers do not look back at the tree on their way home.

. enoki 榎 nettletree, Chinese hackberry tree .




............................................................................ Okayama 岡山県

Yamanokami 山の神 and hachi daikoojin 八大荒神 eight great wild deities
The eight great wild deities are venerated at the temple 遍照寺 Hensho-Ji on top of 光明山 Mount Komyosan. The mountain has two peaks and between them is a pond.
In former times people saw a strange light in the pond and thought is must be Yamanokami or Mizunokami.
Later they thought it might have been a large serpent.

.......................................................................
真庭市 Maniwa city

. Legends about the Kappa 河童伝説 .
suijin no kodomo 水神の子供 the child of Mizunokami
Since olden times Kappa is seen as the child of Mizunokami. In Northern Okayama he is called
ゴンゴ Gongo.
Along the coast of Kojima he is called
ゴンゴージ Gongooji
In Maniwa, Yubara city is a river pool called
赤子淵 / 赤子ヶ淵 Akagobuchi, Riverpool of the Baby.
If someone passes here alone, he can hear the voice of a crying baby - and then Gongo is coming out, they say.




............................................................................ Okinawa 沖縄県
.......................................................................

kinmamon 君真物 / キンマモン a female serpent deity
The character jin 壬 represents water.
To pray for enough rain for a good harvest, people invite 太陽神 a sun deity テルコ Teruko, who can control fire and water at the same time.
On many islands the Deity of the Sea 海神 (Kaijin, Wadazumi) is also seen as the Mizunokami.

.......................................................................

A kooro 香炉 incense burner used especially by women is called
kuuru クール Kuru.
Kandin カンディン is a personal deity and like Kuru can be seen as Mizunokami.
Kuru is used by a few women together in prayer groups and when all of this group have died, after the funeral rites, it is disposed of.

.......................................................................

Miti nu kan / anda min / nuchi ミディ・ヌ・カン・ヌチ
are various names for Mizunokami.
anda min (アンダ・ミン)/ anda mizu no nushi アンダ水の主 is Mizu no kami.




............................................................................ Nagano 長野県
.......................................................................
飯山市 Iiyama city

In the river there lives 水神様 Suijin Sama.

.......................................................................
東御市 Tomi city

maruiwa no kashi-wan 丸岩の貸し椀 .
A pious young couple had prayed to the 道祖神 Dosojin, wayside gods and a boy was born.
They wanted to celebrate, but did not have enough trays and bowls for the guests.
At night both saw a beautiful woman in their dreams (Mizunokami), who told them to write the number of trays and bowls on a piece of paper and throw the paper into a crack of the round rock.
They did as advised and next morning the trays and bowls were placed in front of the rock.
After the event they brought them back and the trays and bowls disappeared in no time.
Since then other villagers used the crack in the rock to get help. But then a wicked person did not bring them back and from that time on, no more things were lend for the villagers.

. Zenwanbuchi 膳椀淵 "river pool for trays and bowls". .

. Doosojin 道祖神 Dosojin, Dososhin - Legends about Wayside Gods .



............................................................................ Saitama 埼玉県
.......................................................................

If people eat the first harvest of kyuuri きゅうり cucumbers and to not offer them to 水神様 Suijin Sama, their children will have water accidents.
This Suijin Sama is a Kappa, who is known to like cucumbers.





............................................................................ Shiga 滋賀県
.......................................................................
甲賀郡 Koka district

. Mizunokami and Yamanokami 山の神 .
at shrine 笠山神社 / 瘡山神社 Kasayama Jinja





............................................................................ Wakayama 和歌山県
.......................................................................
日高郡 Hidaka district

. Mizunokami and Yamanokami 山の神 .
- counting trees and fish




............................................................................ Yamaguchi 山口県
.......................................................................
豊北町 Hohoku town

. Mizunokami and Yabugami 藪神 / ヤブガミ Kami of the thicket, .





............................................................................ Yamanashi 山梨県
.......................................................................
北都留郡 Kita-Tsuru district 小菅村 Kosuge village

Suijin Sama スイジンサマ
is the local name for Mizunokami.
He prevents the river from getting to wild and protects the wells.
When people have to work in a river, they they place a white sheet of paper and salt on a rock, with the inscription:
"Suijin sama, we have to remove this rock, so please go somewhere else."

.......................................................................
西山梨郡 Nishi-Yamanashi district 千代田村 Chioda village

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .
After having made a new straw roof, people venerate Tengu san, who is seen as Mizunokami, to protect the home from fire.
The ancestors of the yaneya 屋根屋 roof makers is the deity 猿田彦 Sarutahiko, the ancestor of the Tengu.


..............................................................................................................................................

- reference source : nichibun yokai database -
水の神 / スイジンサマ - OK
246 水神 to collect

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sakana no bunkashi 魚の文化史 cultural history of fish
矢野憲一 Yano Kenichi (1938 - )

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. Umi no Kami 海の神 God of the Sea / 海神 Watatsumi, Wadatsumi, Kaijin .

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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https://japanshrinestemples.blogspot.com/2019/06/mizu-no-kami-water-legends.html

21 Sep 2019

HEIAN - Raijin Thunder God Legends


- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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Raijin 雷神と伝説 Legends about the God of Thunder and Lightning


- Raijin 雷神 / ライジン God of Thunder and Fujin 風神 God of Storm

August 14, 2019
. 超大型 super strong typhoon Krosa is coming our way .

September 19, 2019
. 大型 strong typhoon Tapah is coming our way .


. kaminari, rai 雷 thunder and lightning .
The word kaminari seems to be derived from the meaning:
the gods are sounding, kami ga naru 神が鳴る.



. Fuujin 風神 Fujin - Kaze no Kami 風の神 Wind God Legends .

. kaminari 雷と伝説 Legends about Thunder and Lightning .

. taifū 台風 と 伝説 Typhoon legends - Taifun Legenden .
- Introduction -

raiden 雷電 = かみなりといなびかり 雷鳴 kaminari (raimei) and 電光 inabikari - thunder and lightning.


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The passage of Raijin as thunder and lightning is often quite predictable. Strikes of lightning and damage are often along the same path and in many regions the Deity is therefore venerated in a Shrine along this path, called
Raiden Jinja 雷電神社.


Raiden Shrine at Itakura (板倉町) Gunma

.......................................................................

okami 龗 オカミ Okami
A deity that reigns over rain, snow and water. Maybe identical with ryuujin 竜神 Ryujin, the Dragon Deity.



In the old records 豊後風土記 Bungo no Fudoki they mention that OKAMI makes hail and thunder fall on the earth.
To drive it away people have to use something to make a rattling sound.
In 山国 a mountainous country they had a ritual named 雷狩 "hunting for thunder". When performing this, the thunder could be driven out of the area.
The sound of thunder was equal with the idea of raijin 雷神 the God of Thunder.
OKAMI would handle the clouds.
With the rattling sound of the ritual, both could be driven away.

.......................................................................


雷神研究 / 郷土趣味
努賀媛 Princess Nugahime

. The serpent and thunder (lightning) are the same .




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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


......................................................................................... Aichi 愛知県
.......................................................................
知多郡 Chita district 美浜町 Mihama

. kaminari matsu 雷松 "pine of thunder" .




......................................................................................... Fukushima 福島県

raijinkoo 雷神皇 "Emperor Raijin"
In 楢葉郡浅川 the hamlet Asakawa of Nahara district the villagers always come to pray at the shrine 雷神宮 Ikazuchi no Miya (Raijin no Miya).
Once in Spring, a couple went out to their fields to work and placed a cradle with their baby on the side. There came a large wolf with white hair and wanted to eat the baby.
In that instant there was a stroke of lightning and killed the wolf. This was the way of the deity to show its gratitude.
- - - - -
The place for getting rain water for the fields is sacred.
The 6th day of the 5th lunar month is called
Raijin Sama no Hi 雷神様の日 day of the venerable Thunder god.
On this day farmers are not allowed to go work in the fields.




......................................................................................... Gunma 群馬県
.......................................................................
佐波郡 Sawa district

. ritual nawa no goshinji ナワノゴシンジ "Ritual of the rope" .
at 角折神社 Tsunoori Jinja (Tsuno-ori) "Shrine of the Broken Horn" of the Demon




......................................................................................... Hyogo 兵庫県
.......................................................................
神戸市 Kobe city

. Raijin and Yakushi Nyorai 雷神と薬師様 .




......................................................................................... Ibaragi 茨城県
.......................................................................
勝田市 Katsuta city

. amagoi 雨乞いと伝説 Legends about rain rituals .
In the third lunar month, farmers come to pray to the Thunder Deity at Mito, to get an amulet for rain and a good harvest.
Strong men from the village run to the Shrine, receive bamboo poles filled with water and bring them to the village. The water is spread to the fields and soon it will rain . . . they say.





......................................................................................... Iwate 岩手県
.......................................................................
花巻市 Hanamaki city

When lightning strikes a home, they go to the small shrine to pray to 雷神様 Raijin Sama.
In いわき地方 the Iwaki region they place four green bamboo poles with ritual paper slips. If they do not do this, 雷様 Rai Sama will not go back to the sky but will stay on and devastate the fields. If they put up bamboo poles, he can use them to go back to the sky.





......................................................................................... Kagawa 香川県
.......................................................................
高松市 Takamatsu city 圓座 Enza district

When it begins to thunder, people shout to the sky*
"Rai San go back to Enza, go back to Enza and take the navel (bellybutton) out of people there!"
雷さん圓座へ行け、圓座の婆々の臍をとれ

- quote -
Bellybutton folklore from Japan and where they came from
Every child in Japan has at some point or other, when exposing his (or her) belly button, heard an adult tell (him or her) half-jokingly, that Kaminari-sama, the thunder god would get him (or her).
..... Etymology:
Yakusa no ikazuchi no kami: Yakusa (八, eight) and ikazuchi (雷, thunder) and kami (神, spirit or deity)
- Why is Raijin attracted to navels?
While it is said that Kaminari-sama would seek out little children's bellybuttons or navels, in recorded folklore, it was actually Raiju, the thunder beast that accompanies Raijin, that actually seeks out human navels, and that likes to nestle there to sleep.
Raijū (雷獣,"thunder animal" or "thunder beast")
- Read the most extensive explanation here :
- source : japanesemythology.wordpress.com... -



. the monster 雷獣 Raiju and its legends .





......................................................................................... Kyoto 京都府
船井郡 Funai district

Once a dead body had disappeared when the thunder was howling. Then this happened many more times.
When the priest of the temple 圓通寺/円通寺 Entsu-Ji begun to hold proper funeral rituals for the people,
this stopped.





source : chanto.jp.net...




......................................................................................... Nara 奈良県
.......................................................................
生駒郡 Ikoma district 三郷町 Sango town

. ryuu, ryū 龍 竜 伝説 Ryu - dragon legends .
Once 雷神 Raijin fell down from the sky when he was a small child and a local farmer couple took him in as their child.
From then on their fields always had enough rain, even in a kanbatsu 旱魃 drought all around them.
A while later the child became a dragon and moved into the sky.
Since then the field was called tatsuta 竜田 and Tatsuta became the name of the area too.







......................................................................................... Osaka 大阪府
.......................................................................
和泉市 Izumi city

Once there was a region troubled by a lot of lightning.
One day a brave young man saw the lightning fall into a well and took a large stone to cover the well.
Now 雷神 Raijin was in confinement.
The young man made Raijin promise never to come to this region again, then he let him go.
Since then there have not been any strikes of lightning in this area.

.......................................................................
泉南郡 Sennan district 岬町 Misaki town

kaminari no manako 雷の眼 The eyes of the Thunder Deity
Once there was a region troubled by a lot of lightning.
One day the deity 住吉明神 Sumiyoshi Myojin picked out the eyes of 雷神 Raijin and then let him go.
Since then there have not been any strikes of lightning in this area.





......................................................................................... Shiga 滋賀県
.......................................................................
伊香郡 Ina district 余呉町 Yogo town

Once a woodcutter helped helped 雷神 Raijin to climb back to the sky.
Then the man remembered that his village was often suffering from water shortage. Therefore he called Raijin.
And Raijin came back to the village and became a lake.

.......................................................................
Shiga 大津市 Otsu city

In the year 1717, a was rakurai 落雷 a stroke of lightning at the home of a family in Otsu.
It came with a fragrant smell of jakoo 麝香 musk and left a piece of string like a navel. Since the smell was so good, it was used to make raifun medicine 雷糞 "like the poop of the Thunder god".




......................................................................................... Tochigi 栃木県
.......................................................................
小山市 Oyama city

raiden sama 雷電様 honorable Thunder deity
The family of 茂呂定夫 Moro Sadao venerates 雷神様 Raijin Sama, who had come from Itakura.
Once the ancestors had visited the shrine 雷神神社 / 雷電神社 Raiden Jinja in Itakura, Gunma and asked the deity to come to their home once.
When they came back to their home, there was a strong thunder and 雷様 Rai Sama had been rolling bottles from the front door and out of the back door.

Raiden Jinja 雷電神社
群馬県邑楽郡板倉町板倉2334 / Itakura, Ora District, Gunma



Built in 598.

- HP of the Shrine
- reference source : town.itakura.gunma.jp -



......................................................................................... Tokyo 東京都
.......................................................................
浅草 Asakusa



. Kaminarimon 雷門 Kaminari Mon "Thunder Gate" .
浅草寺 Sensoji, Temple Senso-Ji

- quote -
"Kaminarimon" is actually not the official name of this gate. Its official, full name is Fujin Raijin mon, meaning "The Gate of the Gods of Wind and Thunder". "Fujin" refers to "The God of Wind", while "Raijin" means
"The God of Thunder". The gate is popularly referred to as "Kaminarimon" because "kaminari" is the Japanese word for "thunder".
... the lantern is 3.9 meters high, 3.3 meters wide, and weighs 700 kilograms.
- The Dragon-Shaped Engraving at the Base of the Lantern
dragons who reside in oceans are said to have power over the clouds and the rain. In the past, Asakusa was a town filled with wooden buildings, flimsy and weak to fire, packed closely together. Being a dragon that lived in water, this dragon was revered as a god that could save Asakusa from fire with its power over water. ...
- source : matcha-jp.com... -





......................................................................................... Wakayama 和歌山県
西牟婁郡 Nishi-Muro district

Once there was a hesu 臍 belly button of Raijin on the ground in 紀州 Kishu.
It had the quality of a pottery piece and the form and size like the heart of a bora 鯔 mullet (Mugil cephalus).
When 雷神 Raijin came to get it back, the villagers asked him to show his body.
First he showed his eyes, then his nose and then the mouth.
They wanted to see what was below the bellybuttoo, but he refused and disappeared.





......................................................................................... Yamagata 山形県
.......................................................................

raijin no taiko 雷神の太鼓 the big drum of Raijin
Once a man was sucked into a wind cave on top of a mountain, taken into the sky and asked to hit the drums of Raijin.
He had a lot of fun and did too much, losing his step on the clouds and fell down to 羽黒山 Mount Hagurosan.
Many people came to see him and he told his story.
Since the drum was made of clouds, it had the power to heal all kinds of illness.
When he hit it in front of an ill person, the person would be healed.



source : kaiyodo.co.jp/k-blog...

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
49 雷神 to explore (19)
15 雷電 raiden "thunder and lightning"
55 落雷 rakurai - lightning strike
412 雷 to collect

an essay about Naru-kami, narukami 鳴神餘響


風神雷神 雷の章
柳広司 Yanagi Koji (1967 - )
He is a member of the Mystery Writers of Japan.

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. animals and their legends 動物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. plants and their legends  植物と伝説 - - ABC list .

. trees and their legends  樹木, 木と伝説 - - ABC list .

. Persons, People, Personen and their legends - - ABC list .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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Posted By Gabi Greve to Heian Period Japan on 8/14/2019 10:03:00 am

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18 Sep 2019

HEIAN - mizunokami unagi legends


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Shinto Shrines (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities .
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Mizunokami to unagi 水の神とうなぎ / 鰻 Deity of Water and Eel Legends

. Mizu no Kami, Mizunokami 水の神 Deity of Water - Legends
.


. unagi うなぎ / 鰻 と伝説 Legends about the eel .


Utagawa Kuniyoshi 歌川国芳

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鰻と水の神 Unagi to Mizu no Kami
早川孝太郎 Hayakawa Kotaro (1889 - 1956) / 民俗学者、画家

Most of the legends below are from the essay by Hayakawa san.
Some are about hebi 蛇 a serpent, imori 井守 a newt or Kappa san.

. hebi 蛇と伝説 Legends about snakes and serpents .

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As I am writing about Unagi, there is this news at NHK:


Loch Ness monster 'may be a giant eel'
An international team of scientists says the fabled Loch Ness monster in Scotland, also known as "Nessie," could be a giant eel.
"Nessie" is said to be a dinosaur-like creature with a long neck.
The research team was led by Professor Neil Gemmell, a geneticist from the University of Otago in New Zealand. Gemmell said on Thursday that they did not find any DNA for dinosaur-like creatures in samples taken from some 250 locations in Loch Ness.
But Gemmell said there is a lot of eel DNA in the water and the scientists cannot exclude the possibility the Loch Ness monster may be a giant eel.
The team took samples of so-called environmental DNA from the water and compared this data with known genetic sequences.
- source : NHK September 06, 2019 -


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

....................................................................... Aichi 愛知県  .....
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新城市 Shinshiro city 長篠村 Nagashina village

. ryuuguu 竜宮と伝説 Ryugu Legends about the Dragon Palace .
At the river 寒渓川 Kankeigawa is an access to the Dragon Palace.
The master of this 川淵 riverside is an eel.
Once or twice a year it hunts for ayu 鮎 sweetfish (trout) and shows his features on the water surface. Its tail is said to be in the form of a hand fan.




....................................................................... Aomori 青森県 .....
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The lord of 十和田湖 lake Towadako is an eel which is very very large, maybe more than 1400 meters.
. Hachirootaroo 八郎太郎 Hachirotaro, Hachiro-Taro. .





....................................................................... Gifu 岐阜県 .....

. unagi to oni 鰻 the Eel and yooki 妖鬼 the Monster Demon .
and 白鰻 one white eel, kami no tsukai 神の使いの鰻 messenger of the deity




....................................................................... Ibaraki 茨城県 .....
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龍ヶ崎市 Ryugasaki city

. Kokuzo Bosatsu 虚空蔵菩薩 Kokūzō, Akashagarbha .

kami no o-tsukai 神のお使い messenger of the deity
There are various stories about the relationship of the deity 虚空蔵 Kokuzo and the eel.
Kokuzo is the patron deity of people born in ushi 丑 the year of the bull. These people are not allowed to eat eel their whole life.
In the temple ponds are often quite a lot of eels, seen as the local messengers of the deity.
Of course they are not caught by others and never eaten.



うなぎのお寺 彦倉虚空蔵尊 A Temple for Eels - Hikokura in Saitama
- reference source : unagino-otera.jp... -
This statue was erected in 2005.
The spere of about 50 cm represents the space.
Inside are the carvings of two eels and two baby eels.
Every fourth sunday in October there is うなぎ供養会 a special memorial service for the eel.
People come here to express their gratitude for this animal.

- There is reason why this Kokuzo is related to the eel.
Well, many many years ago, a young farmer couple had a baby. The couple went to the fields to work and took the baby, laid it near the edge of the large field, where it fell asleep soon.
The parents worked all day and did not hear the baby.
BUT - when the baby woke up, there came an eel and the baby followed it to the river, where it fell and was taken away by the waves.
When the parents came back in the evening, they could not find the child. They searched everywhere, even the neighbours came searching, but they could not find it.
It must have been kidnapped by the gods . . .
So finally they went home, passing a nearby temple, when they heard the voice of their baby crying. They went inside and found a statue of Kokuzo, all dripping wet, with many eels around its legs. And the baby was there too, with no harm done to it.
Kokuzo had saved and protected the baby with the help of the eels . . .
and thus is became うなぎのお寺 the "Eel Temple".
1-83-1 Hikokura, Misato, Saitama / 埼玉県三郷市彦倉





....................................................................... Iwate 岩手県  .....

imori 井守 (いもり) newt, eft, kind of salamander
In the area of 九戸郡 Kunohe there are legneds about 八郎太郎 Hachirotaro, Hachiro-Taro. He once attacked the guardian dragon of Lake Towada.
A young man from 大川目村荒津平 Okawame village drank water from a spring and swallowed a newt by accident.
When the boy became older, be grew up to be quite a giant and never lost a fight.
Later he became the Lord of
. Hachiroogata 八郎潟 Hachirō-gata .
in Akita.

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花巻市 Hanamaki city

In the district of 稗貫郡 Hienuki in a temple forest lives a 蛇 serpent venerated as 雲南権現 Unnan Gongen.




There is a small shrine in its honor.
source and more photos : rubese.net/gurucomi...

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宮古市 Miyako city 茂市 Moichi

. Kappa 河童 legends from Iwate .
At the confluence of river 閉伊川 Heigawa and 宮古川 Miyakogawa there is a river pool and a small shrine by its side.
They say a Kappa lives here and sometimes there are water accidents.




....................................................................... Kagawa 香川県  .....

讃岐三豊の水神 Sanuki Mitoyo no Suijin
細川敏太郎 Hosokawa Bintaro


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羽方(現高瀬町) Takase Hagata

unagibuchi ryuuoo 鰻淵龍王 the Dragon King of the Eel Pool
is venerated on a rock with a shimenawa 注連縄 sacred rope around it.
There live kuro-unagi 黒鰻 black eels and shiro-unagi 白鰻 white eels.
If people saw a black eel, it would rain. If they saw a white eel, it would shine..
Many people came to find out about the rain in their region.




....................................................................... Kagoshima 鹿児島県 .....
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大島郡 Oshima district 瀬戸内町 Setouchi town

kami no o-tsukai 神のお使い messenger of the deity
At 古仁屋町勝浦 Koniya town, Katsuura, there is one 泉 spring where many eels live.
The people who live nearby venerate them as the messengers of God. and to not hunt them. They have a special black spot on the head, a sign from Mizunokami.




....................................................................... Kyushu 九州  .....

- - - - - 奄美大島の水神 Amami Oshima no Suijin
- - - - - 山下文武 Yamashita Fumitake


This Suijin does not like "long things", like the eel.
If people who belief in Siujin eat an eel, they will fall ill and will be cursed.
So nobody even tried to eat eel.




....................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県  .....
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栗原市 Kurihara city 金成町 Kannari town

Where the river is very deep and few people come, there is the living ground of the honorable Eel.
Sometimes children come here and have accidents. One day two blind people came from the North and killed the eel.





....................................................................... Shizuoka 静岡県  .....
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浜松市 Hamamatsu city

kami no tsukai 神の使い messenger of the deity
One of the
Tōtōmi no Nanafushigi 遠江七不思議 The Seven Wonders of Totomi
At 引佐郡奥山村 Inasa district, in Okuyama village, there is 鰻井戸 / うなぎ井戸 a well where eels live.
In Summer and Winter, people can see eels swim in the water and think it is the messenger of Mizunokami.




....................................................................... Tochigi 栃木県  .....

Mizu no Kami 水の神
Iwadakemaru 岩嶽丸
The villain Iwadakemaru was beheaded, and his head flew away and got stuck on a large tree, he then fell into a nearby pond and died.
The vengeful spirit of Iwadake Maru became a daija 大蛇 large serpent and caused much trouble.
The villagers built a Shrine to apease his soul and venerated him as 八竜神 one of the eight Dragon Deities.
He is now the protector of the waterways and the fields.

. Hachiryuu 八龍神社 Eight Dragon Shrines .


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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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日本うなぎ検定

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. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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Posted By Gabi Greve to Japan - Shrines and Temples on 6/06/2019 12:43:00 pm

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