Showing posts with label Kappa. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Kappa. Show all posts

28 Jul 2018

KAPPA - Mikari Basan Yokai

https://kappapedia.blogspot.com/2018/07/mikaribaba-mikari-basan-yokai.html

Mikaribaba, Mikari basan Yokai

- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -
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Mikaribaba, Mikari Basan 蓑借り婆さん / ミカリバアサン "old hag Mikari"
みかり婆




- quote
Mikaribaba
In Yokohama and Kawasaki, Kanagawa Prefecture, the Chiba Prefecture, and Tokyo etc., they would visit people's homes on the 8th day of the 12th month and the 8th day of the 2nd month on the lunisolar calendar, and they are said to borrow sieves and human's eyes. They are said to visit people's home together with a hitotsume-kozō.。



In order to avoid a mikaribaba, one would leave a basket or zaru at the entrance of the home, and it is said to be effective to put the tip of a rod into the bamboo basket and make it stand on the ridge of the house's roof. It is said that this is in order to make the one-eyed mikaribaba make it seem like as if there were plenty of eyes (stitches).

At the Ura no Yato, Toriyama town, Kōhoku-ku, Yokohama, an avaricious mikaribaba would even come to collect grains of rice that have fallen on the ground, and would cause fires due to the fire in its mouth. In order to avoid this, there is the custom of making a dango called the ツヂョー団子 "tsujoo dango" made from the rice left over from the garden, and put it in the doorway, as a means of saying that there is no more rice to collect.

On the 8th day of the 12th month and the 8th day of the 2nd month on the lunisolar calendar, there is a folk practice called Kotoyōka, and in the past, there were many regions where people would not do any work and confine themselves in their homes.
In the southern part of Chiba Prefecture, on the 26th day of the 11th month of the lunisolar calendar, as a period of about 10 days of seclusion in the home called "mikawari" or "mikari," when it would be taboo to go outside at night or enter the mountains and spend the time in the home quickly avoiding any big noise, lights, hairdressing, or entering bath.
Outside of the Kantō region, at Nishinomiya Shrine in the Hyōgo Prefecture and Kito, Tokushima Prefecture (now Naka), there is a practice of confinement to the house before the festival called "mikari." Rituals like these of secluding oneself in the home have been interpreted as seclusion at home due the appearance of a monster, and it is thought that those monsters are the mikaribaba and the hitotsume-kozō.
It is also said that "mikari" comes from "mikawari" (身変わり), indicating a time different from usual when one observes the practice of confinement at home.
- source : wikipedia



- quote -
Mikari-Baba
she is a Yōkai. She is one of the chosen 47 Yōkai Warriors and represents Kanagawa Prefecture.
She appears in GeGeGe no Kitarō: Nippon Bakuretsu!!
Due to the 5th anime adaption's sudden cancellation at 100 episodes, he is among the 23 Yokai Warriors that were not revealed aside from the movie.
- source : gegegenokitaro.wikia.com/wiki... -


Kandaiji 神大寺村 village, Yokohama
From the first to the fourth sub-district in Yokohama, 神奈川区 Kanagawa district.
Every year on the fourth day of the 12th lunar month, the Yokai ミカリバアサン Mikari Basan comes out.
On this day all things that are usually hung out to dry, like crops or straw sandals, must be brought inside. People prepare offerings of rice dumplings, ツジョウダンゴ tsujoo dango (オッパキダンゴ Oppaki dango and place them at the doorstep.


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source : by cielociel

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


. Yamanokami 山の神 and Mikari Basan .

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11月25日から12月5日にかけて訪れるという妖怪。オッパキダンゴというのをつくって、戸口に挿し、その禍を防ぐマジナイとしたという。

............................................................................ Kanagawa 神奈川県

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川崎市 Kawasaki

yookazoo 八日ゾウ / 八日僧 monk coming on the eighth day
On the eighth day of the second lunar month, the Yakubyogami is called
me hitotsu kozo 目一つ小僧 young monk with one eye (the same as Hitotsume kozo).
People put up a rod or pole with a basket, as described above. They also leave a bucket with water where rice had been washed in.
When Mehitotsu Kozo tries to drink the water and sees his face reflected, with just one eye, he will be surprized and run away.

. Hitotsume Kozoo 一つ目小僧 Hitotsume Kozo - Young Monk with One Eye . .

. Yakubyoogami 疫病神 Yakubyogami, Deity of Diseases .

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Kawasaki 多摩区 Tama district

Makari Basan comes to bring the choomen 帳面 business ledger to the place of the Dosojin 道祖神 wayside gods.


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横浜市 Yokohama

yookadoo ヨウカドウ Yokado


source : wikiwiki.jp/heian...

Mikari Basan comes on the first day of the 12th lunar month. She comes with flames in her mouth, picks up any rice grains and makes dumplings so that there will be no fire.
Hitotsume no Ba 一つ目の婆 The old hag with one eye does not like baskets with many openings (eyes). She can fly all the way to Hakone, but might hit the mountains and fall into the see. So she avoids the Western direction.
Until the 8th day, she writes all the names of ill people in her choomen 帳面 business ledger and brings it to the deity of the fields, サイノ神 Sai no Kami.
This ledger is burned in the ritual fires of サイト焼 Saitoyaki on the 14th day. But she comes back on the 8th day of the 2nd lunar month.
On the 8th day, she passes above the roof, so people put up a basket on a pole.
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She has only one eye and comes on the 8th day of the second and 12th lunar month in some suburbs.
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The first day of the 12th lunar month is called hanayogore no tsuitachi ハナヨゴレの朔日 in some suburbs.
Mikari Basan comes on this day.
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When Mikare Basan was on her way to 佐江戸 Saedo (in Yokohama 横浜市都筑区), she came to the river 恩田川 Ondagawa and fell under the bridge 落合橋 Ochiaibashi.
Since then she never went to Saedo again.


. Sai no kami 幸の神 the God of the Fields.
Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami




............................................................................ Yamanashi 山梨県

hitotsume 一つ目 one eye
On the 8th day of the second lunar month, the Yokai Mikari Basan or as she is also known, 八日僧 Yokazo are coming.
To prevent her from doing evil, people put special mikari dango ミカリダンゴ rice dumplings on the doorstep and put up a pole with a basket.




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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

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. . . CLICK here for Photos 箕借り婆 !


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. - - - Join my Yokai friends on facebook ! - - - .

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- Yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - - ABC-Index -

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .
- Reference -

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


. Kappa densetsu 河童伝説, Kappa minwa 河童民話 - Legends - Introduction .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #mikaribaba #mikari #mikaribasan -
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https://kappapedia.blogspot.com/2018/07/mikaribaba-mikari-basan-yokai.html

22 Apr 2018

TENGU - Tengu no Dairi Palace Emaki

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.
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Tengu no Dairi 天狗の内裏 The Palace of the Tengu
'The Palace of the Long-Nosed Goblins'


. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .
- Introduction -

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This is a story about the young Minamoto no Yoshitsune, who is taken on a tour of the underworld by a Tengu from Mount Kurama.
Written in the Muromachi period.
This story exists in numerous lavish picture scrolls and woodblock-printed editions in libraries and museums around the world.

- quote -
Ushiwaka's "Visit to Supernatural Regions (Tengu no dairi)
In this story, Ushiwaka learns of the existence of a tengu palace deep in the mountains and by offering prayers to Bishamon succeeds in visiting it.
The Great Tengu welcomes him hospitably and offers to take him to see Yoshitomo (his father), who has been reborn in the Pure Land as a Buddha. Following a tour of the 136 Buddhist hells, the two finally reached the Pure Land.
Yoshitomo urges Ushiwaka to destroy the Heike and then predicts his future.
Back in the Tengu palace, Ushiwaka and the Great Tengu exchange pupil-teacher vows
and Ushiwaka returns to Kurama.
Yoshitsune: A Fifteenth-century Japanese Chronicle
- source : Helen Craig McCullough -
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Tengu no dairi emaki 天狗の内裏絵巻
picture scroll of the palace of the long-nosed goblins,

illustrated manuscript in 2 rolls, telling the story of the young Minamoto Yoshitsune
and of his visit to the court of Tengu.







Yoshitsune watches the Tengu fighting



- Yoshitsune And A Buddha
- source : akg-images.com/archive... British Library -


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. The Tengu Sōjōbō 僧正坊 from Mount Kurama .
and 源義経 Minamoto no Yoshitsune 




. Join the Tengu friends on Facebook .

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.


. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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- - - - - #tengunodairi #tengupalace #palaceoftengu #tenguemaki #tengupicturescroll -
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Heian Period Japan on 4/12/2018 01:41:00 pm

9 Mar 2018

KAPPA - kitan magic demon stories


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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kitan 鬼譚 "demon stories", "demon tales"
kitan 奇譚 magic stories

kitan sooshi 鬼譚草紙 Kitan Soshi "demon stories"




奇譚草紙 Kitan Soshi Magic Stories




kitan sooshi 鬼譚草紙 Kitan Soshi "demon stories"
夢枕獏 Yumemakura Baku (1951 - )
and 天野喜孝 Amano Yoshitaka

Three stories of mystic and erotic nuances, about heroes of the Heian period.


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anya kitan 暗夜鬼譚 Demon Tales of a Dark Night

- more sequels of these tales -


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tsukumo kitan つくも鬼譚 stickers



Stickers are 48mm square sized and each of them features a character designed based on ancient tales.

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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

石見牛鬼譚 Iwami Gyuki Tan - Tales of the bull-demon from Iwami
by 岡田建文 Okada Kenbun

. ushi oni, ushioni, gyuuki 牛鬼 "bull-demon" .
- Introduction -

............................................................................ Gifu 岐阜県

During the mid-Edo period, there was a huge flooding of a river, due to long and strong rain. The villagers found a huge bull, half buried in the sand. When they tried to hit it with their axes, it started to bleed and the river became all red.




............................................................................ Shimane 島根県
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安濃郡 Ano district 太田町 Otamachi
and from
那賀郡 Naka district 浅利村 Asari village

. ushioni 牛鬼 "bull demon" and nure-onna 濡女 "wet woman" .

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

山村奇譚 magic stories from mountain villages
by 松岡実 Matsuoka Minoru

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. - - - Join the Onipedia friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
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- #kitan #magicgourd #ushioni -
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Kappa - The Kappapedia on 3/04/2018 09:29:00 am

10 Jan 2018

KAPPA - Onigatake, Onitake mountains


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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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Onigadake, Onigatake 鬼ヶ岳 / Onidake, Onitake 鬼岳
Onigaoka 鬼が丘 / 鬼ヶ丘 "Deomon Hill"
Mountains with Demon names and legends




Mt. Onidake, a dormant volcano, almost naked, 315 meter
長崎県五島市 Nagasaki, Goto Islands

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- reference: Onidake onsen 鬼岳温泉 hot spring -

Onigadake Dam, Kamikozue, Yakage, Oda District, Okayama ・鬼ヶ岳ダム[岡山県

Mt. Onigadake

鬼が丘の龍神とメスアの話
栃木県真岡市鬼怒ケ丘
大阪府 羽曳野市 羽鬼が丘西
鬼ヶ丘の夕日


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Sumo wrestler (warrior) Onigadake Tetsuemon 鬼ヶ嶽鉄右衛門 


Utagawa Kuniyoshi - actor 中村芝翫 Nakamura Shikan

稲妻大蔵 Inazuma Taizo
Once upon a long time ago, in the village of 小栗村 Ogurimura in 諌早 Isahaya (長崎県 Nagasaki) there lived a farmer couple who did not have children.
They went to mount 八天嶽 Hattendake to pray. And then a Tengu came at night . . . well well, the woman got pregnant and bore a strong son.
The boy named Taizo became a strong Sumo wrestler. The Tengu trained him the best he could. Taizo won all the bouts in his village.
Taizo eventually went to Edo and nobody could defeat him. Taizo almost won against the strongest Sumo wrestler in Edo, 鬼ヶ岳 Onigadake, but Onigadake had asked him to let him win, so Taizo lost this one bout (and thus his Tengu power) and then all the other bouts after that and went home much ashamed.
Sometimes the villagers could hear a boulder (ゴットン石 Gotton Ishi) rumble at Mount Hattendake, where Taizo was practicing Sumo with al his former might. He could lift the boulder and carry it to the summit in no time.


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .



. sanki, yamaoni, yama-oni 山鬼の鬼伝説 Mountain Oni Demon .

. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami and 鬼 Oni Demons .



............................................................................ Kanagawa 神奈川県 

. Onigatake 鬼ヶ岳 .
神奈川山北町と相模原市との境 - On the border of Yamakita and Sagamihara in Kanagawa.




............................................................................ Kyoto 京都府  

. 鬼獄神社 Onitake Jinja / 鬼嶽稲荷神社 Onitake Inari Jinja .
Onidake Inari is a famous shrine in Oeyama mountain, where the head of Shuten Doji is burried.




............................................................................ Nara 奈良県  

. Onitorisan 鬼取山 "Mountain of capturing the Demons".
Zenki and Goki




............................................................................ Yamanashi 山梨県 

. Kukiyama 九鬼山 "Nine Demons Mountain" (Yamanashi) .
and the brave 桃太郎 Momotaro


. Misakayama Onigadake no Oni 御坂山 鬼ヶ岳の鬼 .


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -


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. - - - Join the Onipedia friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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- #onigatake #onigadake #onitake #onidake -
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Kappa - The Kappapedia on 1/04/2018 01:14:00 pm

ONI TENGU - Tanzawa Mountains Oni Tengu


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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .
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Tanzawa 丹沢の鬼伝説 
Oni Demon Legends from the Tanzawa mountains




The Tanzawa Mountains (丹沢山地 Tanzawa-sanchi) are a mountain range in the Kantō region, in Japan.
It covers the northwestern part of Kanagawa Prefecture and touches the prefectural borders of Shizuoka Prefecture to the west and the Yamanashi Prefecture to the north.

Mount Hiru 1,673m (蛭ヶ岳 Hiru-ga-take)
Mount Fudō 1,614m (不動ノ峰 Fudō-no-mine)
Mount Hinokiboramaru 1,601m (檜洞丸 Hinokibora-maru)
Mount Tanzawa 1,567m (丹沢山 Tanzawa-san)
Mount Tō 1,491m (塔ノ岳 Tō-no-dake)
Mount Shindainichi 1,340m (新大日 Shin-dainichi)
Mount Ōyama 1,252m (大山 Ō-yama)

- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. 大山の不動様、 Oyama no Fudo Myo-O .

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ヤビツ峠 Tanzawa, Yabitsu Toge pass (761 m high)
神奈川県秦野市 Kanagawa, Hadano
with a splendid view of Mount Fujisan




餓鬼道伝説 Legend of the Gakido realm of Hungry Demons


source : toki.moo.jp/gate-q... gate 041...

This pass used to be called gakidoo 餓鬼道 the Road of the Hungry Ghosts.
In former times, the warlords 武田信玄 Takeda Shingen and 北条氏康 Hojo Ujiyasu used to fight for this pass. Many of their soldiers did not get enough food and staved on the road.
Their hungry souls now haunt the place.
Even in our times,  people sometimes come and make food offerings in remembrance of the old days.

yabitsu 矢櫃 refers to the boxes and containers they used to keep the arrows.
The soldiers carried rather large quivers with arrows to last for a long war.



. 弓道 Japanese Archery - Introduction .

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Yabitsu Jinja 矢櫃神社 Yabitsu Shrine
Murotsu, Kaminoseki, Kumage District, Yamaguchi

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Onigatake, Onigadake 鬼ヶ岳
神奈川山北町と相模原市との境 - On the border of Yamakita and Sagamihara in Kanagawa.


source : toki.moo.jp/gaten...gate629...

There is a long slippery slope with a metal chain to hold on, but it is very difficult to climb. The two chains seem to get lost and invisible in the gas of the slope.

In former times it was called sennin no iwa 仙人の岩 Rock of the Mountain saints.
Seen from 蛭ヶ岳 Hirugatake, the two boulders look like the horns of an Oni.



鬼ヶ岩の頭


. 鬼ヶ岳 Onigadake, Onigatake / 鬼岳 Mountains with Demons .


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Tanzawa 丹沢の天狗伝説 
Tengu Legends from the Tanzawa mountains


. Saganboo, Saganbō or Sagamibō 相模坊 .
Tengu from 相模大山 Sagami Oyama
Mount Oyama in Tanzawa is famous for the Tengu mountain goblins.

Some huts for the forest workers get shaken badly if the Tengu is in a bad mood.

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. Sekison San 石尊山 Venerable Stone Deities .
sanctuaries for a stone Tengu.
The belief in Sekison San is known in the Tanzawa mountains, Oyama and at the 5th station of Mount Fujisan,

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 丹沢湖畔の川天狗 Lake Tanzawako and the Kawa Tengu
Lake Tanzawako was created due to construction of the Miho dam in 1978.


source : toki.moo.jp/gaten...gate 253...

Kawatengu are close to the Kappa water goblins and thus very special.
At lake Tanzawako is a stone memorial of such a Kawa Tenu. When the region came under water during the construction of the dam, the stone was removed and preserved.
神奈川県山北町 Kanagaea, Yamakita

One of the most famous Kawa Tengu (Mizu Tengu 水天狗 "Water Tengu" ) is
. Enkooboo 円光坊 Enko-Bo from Haguro San, .


. kawa tengu 川天狗 "river Tengu" - Introduction .

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

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Fudoo no mine, Fudō-no-mine 不動ノ峰
Mount Fudō, Fudo no Mine, Mount Fudonomine

1,614 m - 5295 ft



The first religious mountaineers in the Nara period used to climb in the Tanzawa mountains.
They prayed to Fudo Myo-O for safety and gave his name to one of the peaks.
This statue is still close to the peak.




source : diary.okutamawalker.com...


. Fudō Myō-ō 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O - Acala Vidyaraja .


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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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Posted By Gabi Greve to Kappa - The Kappapedia on 1/06/2018 09:00:00 am

17 Dec 2017

KAPPA - Todaiki Candlestick Oni


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toodaiki, toodai ki 灯台鬼 Demon with a candlestick 


鳥山石燕 Toriyama Sekien


- quote -
Tōdaiki "spirit candlestick"
... According to Sekien, long ago, a government minister named Karu no Daijin was sent on a mission to Tang China. This was a period of great movement of culture and ideas between China and Japan, so nothing is strange about that. However, when the envoy failed to return to Japan long after they were overdue, the minister's son, Hitsu no Saishō, began to worry.

Hitsu no Saishō traveled to China to search for his missing father. He traveled far and wide, and in one particular location he came across something he had never seen before: a tōdaiki — a candlestick fashioned out of a living human being! By some combination of strange drugs and sorcery, the man's ability to speak had been removed. His body was covered in tattoos, and a large candle had been placed in his head. He had been installed on a fancy little stand like a piece of furniture.

As Hitsu no Saishō looked in puzzlement at the strange sight, the human candlestick began to shed tears. Unable to speak, the man bit into he tip of his finger until it began to bleed. He scrawled out a few characters in his own blood. Upon reading them, Hitsu no Saishō realized in horror: the tōdaiki was his own father who he had come to China to search for!



The people involved in this story are real.
Hitsu no Saishō was the nickname of Fujiwara no Arikuni, a Heian period noble who lived from 943-1011 CE. Although the story about the tōdaiki is a fabrication, it's an interesting example of where fact and folklore intersect. Because this early urban legend involved real people who were well known to educated readers, it gives the story much more weight.
- source : matthew meyer -

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藤原有国 Fujiwara no Arikuni (943 – 1011)


南条範夫 Nanjo Norio
How he found the ningen toodai 人間燈台 "human candlestick"

- quote -
The Sudden Death of Fujiwara no Sukemichi, his Son Arikuni's handling of the Death Rites;
The Debate at Emma's Palace
- Religions of Japan in Practice -- By George Joji Tanabe
- source : books.google.co.jp -


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鬼百合や蛍火とぼす灯台鬼
oniyuri ya hotarubi tobosu toodaiki

tiger lily -
a candlestick demon glows
like a firefly



- On a summer evening, the tiger lilies in the late sunshine glow almost like candlestick demons.

. Kitamura Kigin 北村季吟 . (1625 - 1705)

. oniyuri 鬼百合 tiger lily, "demon lily" .
Lilium lancifolium - kigo

. hotarubi 蛍火(ほたるび) firefly glow .
kigo for mid-summer




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- reference - 灯台鬼 -

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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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Posted By Gabi Greve to Kappa - The Kappapedia on 12/12/2017 02:05:00 pm

KAPPA - Misakayama Yamanashi Oni


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Misakayama 御坂山と鬼伝説 Oni Demon Legends - Yamanashi
Mount Misakayama is 1,568 m high.
Kawaguchi, Fujikawaguchiko, Minami-Tsuru District, Yamanashi



Misaka Sanchi 御坂山地 Misaka mountain range
and lake Shoojikoo, Shōji 精進湖 Lake Shojiko, Lake Shoji
Lake Shōji is the one of the Fuji Five Lakes and located in southern Yamanashi Prefecture near Mount Fuji.
- photo - wikipedia -


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- quote -
Misaka Tooge 御坂峠 Misaka Toge Pass
is one of the great view spot of Mt.Fuji in Yamanashi Prefecture. It is 1310m high. There is great tea house called Tengachaya (天下茶屋) where you can eat great Hoto and drink green tea. Matsutake is also one of the famous menu in this tea house. There are couple of hiking courses reached the spot for view of Mt. Fuji. 
- source : mustlovejapan.com... -




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Misakayama Onigadake no Oni 御坂山 鬼ヶ岳の鬼


source : toki.moo.jp/gaten.. gate632...

Mount Onigadake has a rock on its top which looks like the tsuno 角 horn of an Oni.
In former times two wicked Oni used to live on this mountain.
The mountain priest 役行者 En no Gyoja banned these two with a special paralyzing spell, 不動金縛り Fudo no Kanashibari. They could not move any more and eventually became aware of their bad deeds.
The demons changed their ways and became famous disciples of En no Gyoja:
. Zenki 前鬼 and his wife Goki 後鬼 .



The legends about En no Gyoja and the two demons, Zenki and Goki are told in many mountain regions of Japan.


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .


............................................................................ Yamanashi 山梨県
東八代郡 Higashi-Yatsushiro district 御坂町 Misakacho

At the graveyard, a bluish fire-light was seen every night. The villagers were afraid, thinking it was the soul of a villager and did not even dare to pass the road during daytime.
玉吉 Tamakichi wanted to see it for himself and went out one evening, carrying 地神の魂の扇 a hand fan with the soul of the Jigami in one hand. When he reached the graveyard, he could see the bluish light. While fanning with his hand fan he went closer. The ground of the grave was still fresh so Tamakich started to dig, found the coffin bound with a cord and pulled it up.
But it was not a coffin but a hookei 包茎 (the dictionary says: a phallus with phimosis).

. chijin 地神 Kami of the Earth / the Land .

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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Posted By Gabi Greve to Kappa - The Kappapedia on 12/14/2017 09:59:00 am

KAPPA - Kukiyama Yamanashi


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Kukiyama 九鬼山の鬼伝説 "Mountain with Nine Demons"
Legends from Yamanashi 山梨県




Mt. Kukiyama is one of Yamanashi's 100 famous mountains. It is 970 m high.
The view via Kukiyama to Mount Fujisan is splendid.
The mountain is not so high and can be climbed in about 1 hour.

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. Kōshū Kaidō 甲州街道 Koshu Kaido Road .
The Highway from Edo via Kofu to Suwa


- reference source : free-age.jp/bridgestone-

There are various legends along the Koshu Kaido.
Even Momotaro, the Peach Boy, was here!
This story is basically fun with the pun words.
桃太郎伝説もある甲州街道

From the mountain in the North of the road, called 百蔵山 Momokurayama (momo 百 is a pun with momo 桃, the peach) the peach came rolling down the river. It was picked up at 鶴島 Tsurushima (Tsurukawa) in 上野原 Uenohara. From this peach Momotaro was born. When he grew up, he got his helpers, the dog from 犬目 Inume, the 雉 pheasant (bird) from 鳥沢 Torizawa and the monkey from 猿橋 Saruhashi.

They went to Mount 九鬼山 Kukiyama (Mountain of the nine demons) in 大月南方 Otsuki-South
and to Mount 岩殿山 Iwatonosan, Iwadonosan in 大月北方 Otsuki-North to drive away the demons.
One of the demons was wounded and bleeding, so now at the shrine 子神神社 Nenokami Jinja there can be found red soil, remains of the demon's blood.


- reference source : ymnco2.sakura.ne.jp/me/onitue -

The red soil, used for a stone wall in the shrine compound, had to be demolished in 2003 due to the danger of collapsing.

. Momotaroo 桃太郎 Momotaro the Peach Boy .


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Dōshi town 道志 - 九鬼山の伝説


source : toki.moo.jp/gaten.. gate 369...

Once upon a time there lived nine bad demons on Mount Kukiyama.
They stole the food and Sake from the villagers.
And then came Momotaro to drive them out, as told above.

kuki 九鬼, クキ is also written 久木, a geological term referring to a low mountain.


百蔵山 Momokurayama
is a mountain where the famous Yamanashi peaches are grown. It is about 1,003 m high.



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Another legend tells of the nine Demons having a quarrel among themselves and drove out some
Aka-Oni 赤鬼 Red Demons.
They fled and begun to live on 岩殿山 Mount Iwatonosan, 634 m.
Again they disturbed and pestered the farmers and eventually Momotaro came to get them. He killed them all and their blood tainted the earth around all red.
Their tears became the river 浅利川 Asarigawa, which eventually flows into the river 桂川 Katsuragawa.

Now it is a region famous for its cherry trees and azaleas.



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oni no tsue 鬼の杖 Bisquits of the staff of an Oni
flavored with sansho 山椒 "mountain pepper"
speciality from 大月市 Otsuki city






. sanshoo 山椒 "mountain pepper .
(Zanthoxylum piperitum)


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. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - .

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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Posted By Gabi Greve to Kappa - The Kappapedia on 12/14/2017 01:13:00 pm