Showing posts with label Persons. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Persons. Show all posts

4 Sep 2018

EDO - Kashiwagi district Shinjuku

https://edoflourishing.blogspot.com/2018/08/kashiwagi-district-shinjuku.html

Kashiwagi district Shinjuku

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
. Persons and People of Edo - Personen .
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Kashiwagi mura 柏木村 Kashiwagi village, "oak tree"
Shinjuku 新宿区 /
北新宿 Kita-Shinjuku first to fourth sub-district, 西新宿 Nishi-Shinjuku sixth to eighth district



A triangular piece of land, surrounded by the river 神田川 Kandagawa, the 青梅街道 Ome Kaido and the modern road 小滝橋通り Otakibashidori.

In the mid-Heian period the regent of Musashi resided here around 1030. His name was
Kashiwagi Emonnosuke Yorisue 柏木右衛門佑頼季/ 柏木右衛門佐頼秀.
He had fought against the regents of Kazusa and Mutsu in the North and as a reward was granted the land from
Kashiwagi (North-Shinjuku) to 角筈 Tsunohazu (West-Shinjuku).
His residence later became the temple

Enshooji 円照寺 / 圓照寺 Ensho-Ji
Shinjuku, 北新宿 Kita-Shinjuku 3-23-2

In the temple compound is a famous cherry tree, Emon sakura 右衛門桜, now in the third generation


- CLICK for more photos !

The temple dates back at least to 940. Priest 貞崇僧都 Jozu (Teizu, 866 - 944) built a 薬師堂 hall for Yakushi Nyorai and placed a Yakushi statue here.
藤原秀郷 Fujiwara no Hidesato came here to pray for his health on the war campaign to the North, fighting 平将門 Taira no Masakado.



The temple was lost to fire around 1600, but later rebuilt on request of
. Lady Kasuga 春日局 Kasuga no Tsubone .
(1579 – 1643)

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- quote -
During the Edo period, the villages of 柏木 Kashiwagi and 大久保 Okubo were agricultural districts on either side of Hyakunin-cho where samurai warrior residences were located.
These villages were known as vegetable producing areas. The samurai families cultivated plants and flowers and this a tradition was continued through the Meiji period (1868-1912) even though the samurai class itself had disappeared by then.
The area was particularly famous for its azaleas (tsutsuji).
Since Hyakunin-cho was a residential area of the constables (doshin) belonging to the Hyakunin (hundred-man) brigade of shooters operated by the Bakufu military government during the Edo period. During festivals held at the Kaichu Inari Shrine, they fired ceremonial volleys with firelocks.
- source : kanko - shinjuku -

. Hyakuninchoo 百人町 Hyakunincho district .

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柏木公園 Kashiwagi Koen Park
新宿区西新宿7-14




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- - - - - not related - - - - -

. Kashiwagi Soryuu 柏木素龍 Kashiwagi Soryu (? - 1716) - 儀左衛門 .
Haiku poet
Samurai from Awa, Tokushima. Worked for Yanagizawa Yoshiyasu (time of Shogun Tsunayoshi). Sarumino.

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. Odawara imono 小田原 鋳物 Odawara casting .
In 1686, the Kashiwagi family relocated to Odawara's Nabe Town under the auspices of the Okubo family, where they started a casting business as well. When Yamada Jirozaemon's descendants moved to Tokyo in 1891, the Kashiwagi family purchased the Yamada family's casting facilities lock, stock and barrel. With this, the Kashiwagi family's production capabilities increased dramatically, and the techniques they developed form the backbone of today's Odawara casting methods.


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. Shinjuku 新宿区 Shinjuku Ward .


. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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- - - - - #kashiwagi #kashiwagishinjuku - - - -
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EDO - Mikawa district Kanda Chiyoda

https://edoflourishing.blogspot.com/2018/08/mikawa-district-kanda-chiyoda.html
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Mikawa district Kanda Chiyoda

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
. Persons and People of Edo - Personen .
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Mikawa choo 三河町 Mikawacho, Mikawa district
Chiyoda ward 千代田区 / 内神田 Uchi-Kanda first district and 神田司町2丁目 Kanda Tsukasa machi second district
and 神田美土代町の一部 part of Kanda Mitoshiro cho
神田区三河町 Kanda Mikawa cho was a rather long and thin district in the Edo period.



The name refers to the Mikawa region (now Aichi prefecture), where Tokugawa Ieyasu was born.
When he came to Edo in 1590, he had his 下級武士 junior Samurai retainers settle in this district.
It is one of the old districts in Edo.
In the Meiji period it got the name of 神田区三河町 Kanda Mikawa cho.
In 1953, the first sub-district became 鎌倉町 Kamakura machi, the second to fourth sub-district were merged to
神田司町 Kanda Tsukasa machi and the old name was lost.


. Tokugawa Ieyasu 徳川家康 (1543 - 1616) .

. hachoo miso, hatchoo miso 八丁味噌 from the Mikawa region. .
a favorite food of Tokugawa Ieyasu.

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. Mikawa dolls 三河人形 .
made in the towns of Toyokawa and Toyohashi and many other places in Aichi prefecture.

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- quote -
Mikawa Province (三河国 Mikawa no kuni)
was an old province in the area that today forms the eastern half of Aichi Prefecture.
Its abbreviated form name was Sanshū (三州 or 参州). Mikawa bordered on Owari, Mino, Shinano, and Tōtōmi Provinces.
Mikawa is classified as one of the provinces of the Tōkaidō. Under the Engishiki classification system, Mikawa was ranked as a "superior country" (上国) and a "near country" (近国) in terms of its distance from the capital.
..... However, by the Sengoku period, the province had fragmented into many small territories largely dominated by the Matsudaira clan, and contested by the Imagawa clan to the east and the Oda clan to the west. It was united under Tokugawa Ieyasu after the power of the Imagawa had been destroyed at the Battle of Okehazama. After the creation of the Tokugawa shogunate, parts of the province were assigned as feudal domains to trusted hereditary retainers as fudai daimyōs, with large portions retained as tenryō territory administered by various hatamoto directly under the shogunate.
During the Edo period, Mikawa was the only area permitted by the shogunate to produce gunpowder, which led to its modern fireworks industry.
..... The entire territory of former Mikawa Province became part of the new Aichi Prefecture in January 1872.


Hiroshige "Mikawa" in "The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States" (六十余州名所図会),
depicting the mountainous scenery around the temple of Hokai-ji, a popular pilgrimage destination in Mikawa
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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The author of the famous tales of
Hanshichi Torimonocho 半七捕物帳 The Curious Casebook of Inspector Hanshichi
Okamoto Kido 岡本綺堂 (1872 - 1939)
lived in 三河町 Mikawa cho.

a Japanese author. His real name was Keiji Okamoto (岡本敬二 Okamoto Keiji). His best known work is the Shin Kabuki play Bancho Sarayashiki.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Hanshichi was often called
Mikawa no Oyabun 三河の親分 The Boss of Mikawa


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. Chiyoda ku 千代田区 Chiyoda ward - "Fields of Eternity" .
. Kanda 神田 Kanda district  .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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- - - - - ##mikawa #kandamikawa #mikawadistrict #hanshichi - - - -
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2 Sep 2018

EDO - Shinano district Shinjuku

https://edoflourishing.blogspot.com/2018/07/shinano-district-shinjuku.html

Shinano district Shinjuku

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Shinanochoo, Shinanomachi 信濃町 Shinano district
Shinjuku 新宿区 信濃町 no sub-districts



It is named after the Shinano province of old, now Nagano, where the lord of Shinano
永井尚政 Nagai Naomasa had his estate.
There were no townspeople living in this district, only some Daimyo estates.
Shinano Tono Machi 信濃殿町
Shinanohara 信濃原


- quote
Shinano Province (信濃国 Shinano no kuni) or Shinshū (信州)
is an old province of Japan that is now Nagano Prefecture.
Shinano bordered on Echigo, Etchū, Hida, Kai, Kōzuke, Mikawa, Mino, Musashi, Suruga, and Tōtōmi Provinces. The ancient capital was located near modern-day Matsumoto, which became an important city of the province.
- - - - - Historical record
In 713, the road that traverses Mino and Shinano provinces was widened to accommodate increasing numbers of travelers through the Kiso District of modern Nagano Prefecture.
In the Sengoku period,
Shinano Province was often split among fiefs and castle towns developed, including Komoro, Ina, and Ueda. Shinano was one of the major centers of Takeda Shingen's power during his wars with Uesugi Kenshin and others.
Suwa taisha was designated as the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) for the province.
In 1871, during the Meiji period, with the abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures (Haihan Chiken) after the Meiji Restoration, Shinano Province was administratively separated in 1871 into Nagano and Chikuma prefectures. These two tentative governmental and territorial units were reconfigured together again in 1876.
This became the modern prefecture of Nagano, which remains substantially unchanged from that time.
- source : wikipedia

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永井尚政 Nagai Naomasa (1587 – October 16, 1668)



... was a Japanese daimyō of the Edo period, who ruled the Uruido, Koga and Yodo Domains. The eldest son of Nagai Naokatsu, he fought at the Battle of Sekigahara and the Siege of Osaka. During the Shimabara Rebellion he was assigned to defend Kyoto.
Naomasa held junior 4th court rank, lower grade (従四位下 ju shii no ge) and the title of 信濃守 Shinano no Kami.
He retired in early 1658 and became a monk, taking the name Shinsai.
- source : wikipedia -


永井尚政 数寄に通じた幕府の重鎮
深谷信子 Fukaya Nobuko


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Sōka Gakkai 創価学会 Soka Gakkai



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Shinanomachi has so many buildings and believers of 創価学会 Soka Gakkai, so Shinamomachi is called
Gakkai Village, Soka Gakkai Town, or Soka Kingdom.

Daisaku Ikeda (池田大作) : The third leader of Soka Gakkai.
Komeito (公明党) : A political party founded and supported by members of Soka Gakkai.
Seikyo Shimbun (聖教新聞) : Soka Gakkai's daily newspaper.

Soka Gakkai Headquarters - Kosen Rufu Daiseido 広宣流布大誓堂
with many Soka Gakkai goods
Seikyo Shimbun (the Soka Gakkai newspaper)

Hakubundo Shoten (博文堂)
Hakubun Eikou Do (博文栄光堂)

Keio University Hopital
Shinanomachi Mint Candy
Shinanomachi Shoten Shinkokai (信濃町商店振興会)
- source : tokyodeep.info/shinanomachi-soka-gakkai... -

Tricolor flag of blue, yellow, and red are the symbol of Soka Gakkai.
Blue means peace, yellow means glory, and red means victory.



- quote -
Soka Gakkai (創価学会 - Sōka Gakkai, "Value-Creation Society")
is a Japanese Buddhist religious movement based on the teachings of the 13th-century Japanese priest Nichiren as taught by its first three presidents Tsunesaburō Makiguchi, Jōsei Toda and Daisaku Ikeda. It is the largest of the Japanese new religions and holds the largest membership among Nichiren Buddhist groups.
"The Gakkai" bases its teachings on Nichiren's interpretation of the Lotus Sutra and places chanting "Nam Myōhō Renge Kyō" at the center of devotional practice. The organization promotes its goals as supporting "peace, culture, and education".
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

................................................................................. Nagano 長野県
上水内郡 Kami-Minochi district 信濃町 Shinano town



Shinano is located in far northern Nagano Prefecture, bordered by Niigata Prefecture to the north.
Lake Nojiri and Mount Kurohime are in Shinano.
The area of present-day Shinano was part of ancient Shinano Province. The modern village of Shinano was created by the merger of the villages of Kashiwabara and Fujisato on July 1, 1955. Shinano merged with the neighboring villages of Furuma and Shinanojiri to form the town of Shinano on September 30, 1956.
- quote wikipedia -

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. hebi 蛇と伝説 Legends about snakes and serpents .
If a serpent or snake takes possession of a human, they must perform special exorcism rituals to heal.


. kitsune 狐 the fox in Japanese culture and tales .
If a fox takes possession of a human, they must perform special exorcism rituals to heal.

inari イナリ the fox deity
Sometimes people are allowed to sit on a Inari fox statue and dance, イナリオドリ inari odori.
Such a person is able to answer all kinds of questions during such a session. To end the ritual, people must chant:
「天タタラ、地タタラ、国王タタラ、天ビャク、地ビャク、ワレニ、ヒカレヌ、ネガタキマツワ、
コモアラジ、サラサラト、アガリタマエ、ヨモノカミ」



. neko 猫 / ねこ と伝説 Legends about cats, Katzen .
Cats can take possession of humans.
Once a poor old woman was so hungry she killed a cat and ate it. But the cat took possession and the woman begun to run around the eaves of her home.

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yuurei 幽霊 ghost
A ghost appears when the dead person has left some unfinished business and grudges in this world.
Some take the form of a woman with long tangled hair, with hands hanging down below the breast and no feet.
Once a farmer saw such a ghost under 柳の木 a willow tree.
Another one was seen in the private graveyard of an estate.
But the reason why some can see them is not quite clear.

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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- - - - - H A I K U and S E N R Y U - - - - -

. Shinano, home of Kobayashi Issa 小林一茶 .


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. Shinjuku 新宿区 Shinjuku Ward .


. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #edoshinano #shinano - - - -
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1 Sep 2018

EDO Morikawa juku district Bunkyo

https://edoflourishing.blogspot.com/2018/07/morikawajuku-station-bunkyo.html

Morikawajuku station Bunkyo

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
. Persons and People of Edo - Personen .
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Morikawajuku 森川宿 Morikawa rest station
森川宿追分 Morikawajuku Oiwake  // 森川町 Morikawa cho
文京区 Bunkyo ward 本郷 Hongo fifth and sixth sub-district



Here was the first ichirizuka 一里塚 stone marker mound of the 中仙道 Nakasendo Highway, where the 日光御成道(岩槻街道) Nikko Onari Michi started.

Until the middle of the 18th century, there ware many enoki 榎 nettle trees along the road, but they were cut down to make a wider road for fire prevention and enlargement of the street.
The corner shop 高崎屋 Takasakiya in the Edo period was a Sake store and also money changer, who only sold goods for money.
The road to the left of the store is the Nakasendo Highway.



Oiwake Ichirizuka post

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Kaneyasu かねやす

A saying from Edo:
Hongo mo Kaneyasu made wa Edo no uchi 本郷もかねやすまでは江戸の内
Hongo belongs to the city of Edo until the store of Kaneyasu.




Kaneyasu Yuuetsu 兼康祐悦 
Kaneyasu was a 口中医(歯医者) dentist who came to Edo at the time of Tokugawa Ieyasu.
兼康祐元 Kaneyasu Yugen, the third generation, opened the corner store かねやす Kaneyasu in 1617. The store also sold nyuukoosan 乳香散 Nyukosan, a kind of toothpaste.
His store was at the traffic crossing Hongo Third District 本郷三丁目の交差点. It remains there to our day, now as a store selling cloths.
nyuukoo 乳香 francinsense, Olibanum, was an ingredient of Nyukosan.






. Hongō, Hongoo 本郷 Hongo district .

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Walking along the Nakasendo from the store of Kaneyasu, there was the station 森川宿 Morikawa-juku.
The 宿 juku here does not mean a postal station, but just a place to stand and take a rest, tatejuku 立宿.
Travelers and horse leaders could take a rest and refreshments, before coming to the first postal station of the Nakasendo,
Itabashi-shuku 板橋宿 Itabashi.

. Nakasendoo 中山道 Nakasendo Highway .

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In the Edo period, there was the estate of
森川金右衛門 Morikawa Kinemon.
Kinemon was an official of the Edo Bakufu government, taking care of the safety of this crossroads.

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. Yaoya no O-Shichi 八百屋のお七 Greengrocer's Daughter Oshichi .
She was born in Morikawajuku.

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. Bunkyoo, Bunkyō 文京区 Bunkyo ward, "Literature Capital" .


. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #Morikawa #morikawajuku - - - -
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30 Aug 2018

EDO - Udagawa district Shibuya

https://edoflourishing.blogspot.com/2018/07/udagawa-district-minato-shibuya.html

Udagawa district Minato Shibuya

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
. Persons and People of Edo - Personen .
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Udagawa choo, Udagawachō 宇田川町 Udagawa district
渋谷区 Shibuya ward, no sub-districts



River Udagawa 宇田川 can not be seen from this district.
It used to be a small shopping district of Tokyo, but recently many highrise buildings were erected.

The name might refers to a retainer of the Hojo clan
宇田川和泉守長清 Udagwa Izumi no Kami Nagakiyo
who had his estate in this area.
In 1590, Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeated the Hojo in Odawara and Hojo Ujimasa killed himself.
Later Udagawa in Edo became the head man of a district named after him.

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River 宇田川 Udagawa is a tributary of the river 渋谷川 Shibuyagawa.
In a print by 長谷川雪旦 Hasegawa Settan, Yoyogi Hachimangu, there is a Shinto shrine on a hill, with the river Udagawa running below.
In the Edo period, there was a bridge, 五石橋 Goseki-Kyo over the river.
(Now this is around 神山町5番 Kamiyama, fifth sub-district.
It flowed into the Shibuyagawa close to Shibuya station, at the bridge 宮益橋 Miyamasubashi.

The Udagawa River is a tributary of the Shibuya River. Though now a culvert, its name lives on -- the district north of JR Shibuya Station is called Udagawacho. The Shibuya River used to flow round an elevated area, which was to the right of the land depicted in the print -- and which encompasses what are now Yoyogi Park and Meiji Shrine. Today it runs along part of Meiji-dori near Ebisu Station and then on into Tokyo Bay.
. Yoyogi Hachimangu 代々木八幡宮 .

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- Not related -

. Udagawa Yōan 宇田川榕菴 Udagawa Yoan (1798 - 1846) .
a 19th-century Japanese scholar of Western studies, or "Rangaku".
Tsuyama Archives of Western Learning 津山洋学資料館
The origin of the Chinese characters for coffee 珈琲
Mead, Mede in the Edo Period in Japan ミード / 蜂蜜酒 


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. Shibuya ku 渋谷区 Shibuya ward .


. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
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26 Aug 2018

EDO - Aoyama district Minato

https://edoflourishing.blogspot.com/2018/07/aoyama-district-minato.html

Aoyama district Minato

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Aoyama 青山 Aoyama district, "Green Mountain"
港区 Minato ward 北青山一丁目から三丁目 Kita-Aoyama North, first to third sub-district
南青山一丁目から七丁目 Minami-Aoyama South, first to seventh district
and Omote sandoo, Omotesandō 表参道 Omotesando



- quote -
Aoyama (青山 "Green Mountain" or "Blue Mountain")
is one of the wealthiest neighborhoods of Tokyo, located in the northwest portion of Minato Ward. The area is well known for its international fashion houses, cafes and restaurants.
Kita-Aoyama (北青山) or "North Aoyama" refers to the area on the north side of Aoyama-dori (Aoyama Street) between the Akasaka Palace and Aoyama Gakuin University, while Minami-Aoyama (南青山) or "South Aoyama" refers to the area to the south of Aoyama-dori and extends to the northern edge of Roppongi, Azabu and Hiroo.
During the Edo period,
Aoyama was home to various temples, shrines, and samurai residences. The name Aoyama derived from a samurai named Aoyama Tadanari who served the Tokugawa Shogunate and held his mansion in this area. Today, along with Shibuya and Harajuku, it is one of the most popular entertainment and shopping areas "Omotesandō",
for young people in Tokyo. It is well known for its fashion houses, restaurants, and shopping.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


- quote -
Aoyama Tadanari 青山忠成 (1551 – 1613)
was a Tokugawa general and chief retainer at the end of the Sengoku and start of the Edo period. He was the father of Aoyama Tadatoshi, and the Aoyama region of Shibuya is named after him.
- - - - - History
The Aoyama clan were provincial lords of Dōdo village, Nukata District in Mikawa Province (present Okazaki, Aichi). Aoyama Tadakado, Tadanari's father, served both Matsudaira Hirotada and Tokugawa Ieyasu, and thus Tadanari served near Ieyasu since he was young. In 1572, his father died in battle with Takeda Shingen and Tadanari inherited the estate.
Tadanari was highly trusted by Ieyasu,
and in 1585 he commanded him to guard his son Hidetada. In 1588, Tadanari accompanied Hidetada to the capital where he was granted Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade of Hitachi Province by Toyotomi Hideyoshi. In 1590 Ieyasu relocates to Kantō and promotes Tadanari to magistrate of Edo with lands worth 5,000 koku (increased by 2,000 koku in 1593). His estates centered on Harajuku village and extended from part of Akasaka to Shibuya. Present day Aoyama is so named because one of Tadanari's mansions was located there.
In 1600,
Tadanari joined Hidetada's army at the Battle of Sekigahara and obtained 15,000 koku of lands between Kazusa Province and Shimōsa Province. In addition to being the Edo magistrate, he also served as the general magistrate for the entire Kantō region. After the start of the Edo shogunate, he was heavily involved in shogunate policy along with Honda Masanobu and Naitō Kiyonari. Along with Naitō in 1606, he is temporarily sentenced to house arrest but is soon pardoned.
Tadanari's  son Tadayoshi was to fall out of favor with Shôgun Tokugawa Iemitsu, though the family's name would be restored during the time of Tadanari's grandson, Munetoshi.
- source : wikipedia -

When Shogun Ieyasu was hawk hunting together with Tadanari, they passed the area and Ieyasu told him:
"I will give you all the land you want around here!"
So Tananari took a long rope, sat on his horse and begun a long ride, connecting the trees on the way. It reached from Akasaka to Shibuya.
The area had been called 原宿 Harajuku, but when Aoyama Tadanari begun to built his estate here, it was re-named after him.
To the South-West was the sub-district 青山御手大工町 Ote-Daiku machi, where soon many carpenters came to live.
In the East was 青山百人町 Hyakunin cho. This was a district of low-ranking Samurai, who had to work for their living, mostly making paper umbrellas. There were at least 12 shops selling umbrellas in the area.

. Hyakuninchoo 百人町 Hyakunincho district .
(hundred-member town)



Harajuku, Omotesando 原宿 - 表参道

- quote -
Omotesandō 表参道 "frontal approach"
is a zelkova tree-lined avenue located in Shibuya and Minato, Tokyo, stretching from the Meiji Shrine entrance to Aoyama-dori (Aoyama Street), where Omotesandō Station can be found.
Omotesandō was originally created in the Taishō era as the frontal (表 Omote) approach (参道 Sandō) to Meiji Shrine, which is dedicated to the deified spirits of Emperor Meiji and his wife, Empress Shōken.
Omotesandō is the main vehicle and pedestrian thoroughfare for Harajuku and Aoyama. .....
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !



明治神宮外苑の紅葉 Autumn at Meiji Jingu Gaien (outer park)

- quote
Omotesandō 表参道 Main Approach to the Meiji Shrine
Today, Omotesandō is one of Tokyo's most fashionable and expensive neighborhoods. It's famous for Japanese and international brand shops and world-renowned hair salons. Its location next to Harajuku, a fashion center for young people, serves a balancing act making Omotesandō a fashion playground for adults.
But what does Omotesandō mean?
A 参道 sandō is the general word for a road that leads up to a shrine.
Every shrine has a sandō, even if the word isn't preserved in a place name. 表 omote means "front" or maybe better put into English as "main." If you go north from Harajuku on the Chiyoda Line, you'll find a station called 北参道 Kitasandō (North Approach to the Shrine).
The area was a sparsely populated suburb in the Edo Period and Meiji Period. The shrine was finished in the mid-1920's and the area began to attract business and residences.
omotesando nogi maresuke
The main street that leads up to the Meiji Shrine is called 青山通りAoyama dōri and not Omotesandō.
Aoyama dōri is not the Omotesandō. It has been Aoyama-dōri. But beginning in 1920, a bus that traveled up Aoyama dōri to the 表参道 omote sandō began service. The name of the bus was the "Omotesandō Bus." This is when the connection with the shrine's omote sandō began. The station that is now Omotesandō Station was originally called 青山六丁目駅 Aoyama roku-chōme eki. Later it was renamed 神宮前駅 Jingū-mae eki.
By the 1970's the neighborhood had a personality of its own, distinct from Harajuku, Aoyama and – of course – the Meiji Shrine, so it was renamed 表参道駅 Omotesandō eki.
- soruce : japanthis 2013 -

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- - - - - Sub-districts of the Edo period

青山原宿町 Harajuku - 青山緑町 Aoyama Midori cho
青山御掃除町 - 慶応4年青山掃除町に改称
青山御手大工町 - 慶応4年青山手大工町に改称
青山善光寺門前
青山御炉路町
青山浅河町
青山若松町
青山久保町
青山六軒町
青山百人町
青山五十人町




- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


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- - - - - Subway stations
Aoyama-itchōme Station (Ginza Line, Hanzōmon Line, Toei Ōedo Line)
Omotesandō Station (Chiyoda Line, Ginza Line, Hanzōmon Line)
Gaiemmae Station (Ginza Line)
Nogizaka Station (Chiyoda Line) – located in the southeastern corner of Minami-Aoyama adjacent to Roppongi

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. Aoyama Gakuin 青山学院大学 University .
private university in Shibuya 渋谷区

. Meiji Jinguu 明治神宮 Shrine Meiji Jingu .
and the Shrine festivals

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

................................................................................. Aoyama 青山 東京


. hitodama 人魂 / 人霊 / 人玉 spirit of a dead person .

hitodama ヒトダマ / Aoyama bochi 青山墓地 cemetery
Sometime ago, after a rainfall, on a quiet evening a person saw a human spirit. It was all round and green-white, with a flaming border around it. It also had a small tail like a triangle and swayed loosely in the air.
Another person had also seen this kind of Hitodama at the Aoyama cemetery. In fear he had poked it with his umbrella and it soon disappeared. On the umbrella were trails of burning.




- quote -
Aoyama Cemetery (青山霊園 Aoyama reien) is a cemetery in Aoyama, Minato, managed by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government. The cemetery is also famous for its cherry blossoms, and at the season of hanami, many people visit.
- - - - - History
The cemetery was originally the land of the Aoyama family of the Gujō clan (now Gujō, Gifu) in the province of Mino (now Gifu). The Japan's first public cemetery was opened in 1874, and in the Meiji era the main locations of foreigners' graves.
The cemetery has an area of 263,564 m2.
- - - - - Grave of Hachikō
One of the cemetery's most famous graves is that of Hachikō, the faithful and dutiful dog whose statue adorns Shibuya Station, was buried alongside with his two owners, Hidesaburō Ueno and Yaeko Sakano.
..... The Japanese section includes the graves of many notable Japanese, including: .....
..... The cemetery includes a gaikokujin bochi (foreign cemetery), one of the few such plots in Tokyo.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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Kiku 菊 Lady Chrysanthemumm, 青山主膳 Aoyama Shuzen and the Sara-yashiki
O-Kiku had claimed to be 青山の子 the child of Aoyama.

. Sara yashiki 皿屋敷 "the Dish Mansion" .
- where the ghost of O-Kiku comes out of a well.
The story of Aoyama Daihachi and Okiku.



歌川広重 Utagawa Hiroshige

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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. Minato ku 港区 Minato ward, "Harbour ward" .


. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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24 Aug 2018

EDO - Negishi district

https://edoflourishing.blogspot.com/2018/07/negishi-district-taito.html

Negishi district Taito

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
. Persons and People of Edo - Personen .
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Negishi 根岸 Negishi district - Taito ward
台東区根岸 / Taitō-ku, Negishi / 根岸一丁目から根岸五丁目 from the first to the fifth sub-district
Located in the North of the Uenodai plateau.

The name might have been
beyond the gake 崖 cliff of the plateau 上野台 Uenodai. Below was the kishi/gishi 岸 shore line looking garbled like ne 根 roots of trees.
The name is already mentioned in books of the Muromachi period as
武蔵国豊島郡根岸村 Negishi village in the Toshima district of Musashinokuni.
In the Edo period, it became part of 武蔵国豊島郡金杉村 Kanasugi mura village.


Edo Meisho Zue

Negishi no Sato 根岸の里 Negishi village
It was a rural district with uguisu and kawazu 蛙 frogs and many people of good taste lived here. It had something special for any season.
A Saijiki of 1838 mentions the voice of the first uguisu 鶯 in Edo and Negishi is one of the areas.
. uguisu no hatsune 鶯の初音 first call of the nightingale .
- Kigo season word for spring

So Negishi was also called
hatsune no sato 初音の里 village of the bush warbler
A legend from 1670 tells of a priest from Kyoto, Hieizan, who came all the way to hear the voice of the nightingales. But the shy birds from the forests in Ueno did not sing for him.
So he went back to Kyoto and asked 尾形乾山 Ogata Kenzan to gather about 3500 nightingales from the forests around Kyoto and bring them to Ueno. The birds were set free in Ueno and soon the local birds were able to sing just as beautiful as their friends from Kyoto.

Now Uguisudani station 鶯谷駅 "Nightingale valley" is located in Negishi
東京都台東区根岸一丁目4-1, first sub-district


Ogata Kenzan 尾形乾山 (1663–1743), potter and painter.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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. Minowa 三ノ輪 / 箕輪 Minowa district .
including 根岸 Negishi 5th district

. Yanaka - 根岸谷中辺絵図 Negishi Yanaka Map .

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Saizooin 西蔵院 Temple Saizo-In
3 Chome-12-38 Negishi, Taitō


Edo Meisho Zue
People are playing 囲碁 Igo in a tea stall
In front is
the pine O-gyoo no matsu 御行の松 O-Gyo no Matsu
Pine of the Religious Practise


The pine was in the temple Saizo-In with a hall for 不動堂 Fudo Myo-O.

The first O-Gyo no Matsu must have been quite famous, since it is depicted in the Edo Meisho Zue and by Utagawa Hiroshige.
A priest of the temple 上野寛永寺 Kanei-Ji in Ueno practised austerities under this tree. Nearby in Arakawa ward, Nippori, is the
otooto matsu 弟松 Younger Brother Pine
In 1925, this pine became a 天然記念物指定 national treasure. At that time it was about 14 m high.
In 1928, the tree withered and died, so the national treasure position was revoked. It must have been more than 350 years old at that time.
In 1956, the second pine was planted, but it soon withered.
In 1976, a third pine was planted and right by its side a bonsai-version of a pine was also planted to give the local people more incentive to look after its well-being.
Legend says
the statue of Fudo Myo-O was carved from the roots of the first pine.

- reference with more photos : blogs.yahoo.co.jp/yutahon0281... -

. pine 松と伝説 Legends about the pine tree .


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Negishi no Sato 根岸の里 Negishi village
絵本江戸土産(広重)Ehon Edo Miyage, Hiroshige

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The Rakugo storyteller family of 海老名 Ebina live in Negishi in the 7th generation
根岸は落語家の7代目林家正蔵一門(海老名家)
Hayashiya Sanpei the first 初代林家三平 was even called
Negishi no shishoo 根岸の師匠 The Teacher from Negishi
Now 8代目桂文治 Katsura Bunji in the 8th generation lives here.


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

................................................................................. Taito 台東区

. 東叡山寛永寺 Ueno Tōeizan Kanei-Ji .
1 Chome-14-11 Uenosakuragi, Taitō,

gama 蝦蟇 toad - - - hebi 蛇 serpent
In November 1820 a couple went to 東叡山根岸の弁才天の祠 the Benten shrine in the compound of the Kanei-Ji (Negishi).
That night one of their man-servants had a dream of a toad. The toad said it lived under the kitchen sink and was 癩蝦蟇 Kattai-gama, leprosy toad.
It said the mistress had violated the rules of the shrine visit and next night a serpent would come for revenge. But the Toad would protect them.
Next morning when they looked they found a large dead toad under the sink.
The next night the toad appeared in the dream of the master. It said: "I have died but I left enough children to keep protecting you!"
Then following night the serpent appeared in his dream and said: "From now on, I will also protect your home and family!"


. gama 蝦蟇と伝説 Legends about toads .

. hebi 蛇と伝説 Legends about snakes and serpents .

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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- - - - - H A I K U and S E N R Y U - - - - -

Masakoa Shiki 正岡子規 and his
. "Negishi no sato no wabizumai" 根岸の里の侘び住まい
the simple abode of the retired poet in Negishi .





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. Taitoo, Taitō 台東区 Taito Ward .


. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #negishi #negishitaido - - - -
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6 Aug 2018

EDO - Aoto and Kasai district

https://edoflourishing.blogspot.com/2018/07/aoto-district-katsushika.html

Aoto district Katsushika

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
- for 葛西 Kasai, see below
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Aoto 青砥 / 青戸 Aoto district, Katsushika
葛飾区青戸 / 青戸一丁目から青戸八丁目 from the first to the 8th sub-district

alternative writing for おおと Aoto in old manuscripts : 「青津」「大戸」「大津」
Aoto mura 青戸村 Aoto village in the Edo period.
The villagers grew rice and also vegetables and flowers and sold them in Edo.



ao 青 blue, green
to 戸 door, in this case a river crossing or sluice gate
to 砥 polishing


This area has been a flourishing harbour along the river 利根川 Tonegawa since olden times, already mentioned in 1288.
In 1288, 青戸二郎重茂 Aoto Jiro Shigemochi was the 代官 Daikan governor of Katsushika

At 青戸七丁目 Aoto seventh sub-district along the road 環七通り沿い Kanshichidōri-zoi there are the remains of 葛西城址 Kasai castle. Now all is left of this is 葛西城址公園 Kasai Joshi Koen Park.
7 Chome-28 Aoto, Katsushika

During the Kamakura period, the area was governed by 青砥藤綱 Aoto Fujitsuna.

In the Edo period, Aocho was always under the supervision of the Edo Bakufu government.
In the Edo period, the area was used as a hunting ground by the Shoguns Ieyasu, Hidetada and Iemitsu and the castle of Kasai 葛西城 became their resting place,
Aoto goten 青戸御殿 Aoto palace.




In 1889, 青戸村 Aoto village was merged with 亀有村 Kameari village、砂原村(西亀有付近)、上千葉村 as the village 東京府南葛飾郡亀青村 Kameao mura.
In 1918, 青砥駅 Aoto station was built.
In 1932, when the ward of Katsushika was created, 青戸町1 - 4丁 Aoto cho was allocated from the first to the fourth sub-district.
After WWII, the population increased sharply and Aoto got 8 sub-districts 青戸町一丁目・二丁目、本田淡之須町、亀有町二丁目、本田立石町、本田中原町のそれぞれ一部が再編され現在の青戸一-八丁目

Since 1973, the construction of the 環七通り city highway begun and was finally finished in 1985.


Aoto eki 青砥駅 Aoto station
is a railway station in Katsushika, operated by the private railway operator Keisei Electric Railway. The station is served by the Keisei Main Line and the Keisei Oshiage Line.

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Aoto Jinja 青砥神社 Aoto Shrine
7-34-30, Aoto, Katsushika-ku, Tokyo


- source and more photos : ambassador.localinfo.j -

In the 万葉集 Manyo-Shu poetry collection about the good quality of the early rice harvest
にほどりの葛飾早稲を贄すとも そのかなしきを外に立てめやも

The area also had suitable clay and was known since 古墳時代 the Kofun period for its pottery items.

The main deity in residence (apart from 8 others) is
猿田彦命 Sarutahiko no Mikoto

It relates to the story of Aoto Fujitsuna, see below, who said about his lost coins:
『落とした十文は永久に 失せることなく、 松明を買った五十文は 
諸家が利益を得ることになり、これは天下の 恵みではないか』

- HP of the shrine
- reference source : aoto-jinja.com... -

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Aoto Fujitsuna 青砥藤綱
councilor of the Kamakura Shogunate (1192-1333)


source : wikipedia

Aoto Fujitsuna's coins
The Taiheiki mentions the Namerigawa in a story well known to all in Kamakura. The stele on the spot near Tōshō-ji where events are supposed to have taken place describes the story as follows:
According to the Taiheiki,
Aoto Fujitsuna was judge in Kamakura at the time of Regents Hōjō Tokimune and Hōjō Sadatoki. One evening, having lost 10 mon (文) in the Namerigawa, he bought a torch for fifty mon, entered in the water and started looking for the lost coins, finally finding them. Heard the story, people made fun of him saying that he ended up spending far more than he had lost. Fujitsuna replied that ten mon were not many, but losing them forever would have been a great loss. He had personally lost fifty mon, but he had done that for the benefit of all.
- source : wikipedia -




- quote -
Aoto Fujitsuna
from the series Instructive Models of Lofty Ambition - by Inoue Yasuji, 1885
Aoto Fujitsuna 青砥藤綱, a councilor of the Kamakura Shogunate (1192-1333), directing the search for a few coins he has lost in the Namerigawa River.
... Aoto Fujitsuna was a minister under the Hōjō regents Tokiyori and Tokimune in the 13th century, famous for his thrift and uprightness. One night he accidentally lost a small amount of money, 10 mon, in the Namerigawa River [滑川]. He ordered his servants to look for the money in the river, handing 50 mon to a servant to buy flaming torches. While the money was found, many people could not understand why Fujitsuna would spend 50 mon to find only 10 mon and they called him a fool.
Fujitsuna replied:
"It only shows that you are interested in neither public interests nor charity. If I had not looked for the 10 mon in the river, it would have been lost forever. The 50 mon that I payed for the torches profited the merchant.
There was no loss at all. It was a benefit to the public, wasn't it?"
His critics became speechless with admiration and he was thought very wise.
This story is first told in the Taiheiki (太平記), a Japanese historical epic written in the late 14th century. There are numerous versions of this story, involving various amounts of money and slightly different circumstances.
- reference source : myjapanesehanga.com - The Lavenberg Collection



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Kasai 葛西 The Kasai district
. 江戸川区 Edogawa ward .



with the following sub-districts in the North, Central, West, East and South:
Kitakasai / Nakakasai / Nishikasai / Higashikasai / Minamikasai




Kasai Rinkai Koen 葛西臨海公園 Kasai Seaside Park
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Opened in 1989, Kasai Rinkai Park (葛西臨海公園, Kasai Rinkai Kōen) is the largest park in central Tokyo, located just across the Edogawa River from Tokyo Disney Resort. It was built on reclaimed land and developed in an effort to restore and preserve natural Tokyo Bay habitat.
The park
offers a nice break from the surrounding cityscapes and has a number of walking trails that crisscross the gardens, lawns and beaches. In addition, the park features an aquarium, a ferris wheel, a seabird sanctuary and an observation building.
... Near the center of the park is the Tokyo Sealife Aquarium
... the Diamond and Flowers Ferris Wheel
... the Sea Bird Sanctuary
- source : japan-guide.com... -

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葛西城 Kasai jo, Kasai castle



The 葛西氏 Kasai clan dates back to the 桓武平氏 Kanmu Heike.
They left Kyoto and build a castle here in what is now Katsushika, Aoto and the park is all that remains of it.




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. 葛西三郎 / 葛西清重 Kasai Saburo Kiyoshige (1161 - 1238). .
and the Horikiri district 掘切 "digging a moat"

. 堀江町 Horie Cho district .
Located in the South of 江戸川区南部 Edogwa district, 葛西地域 Kasai area.
The name has been used until 1932 and later (1979) became part of the Kasai area.


. Nagashima no Fujizuka 長島の富士塚 .
at Shrine 香取神社 Katori Jinja at 東葛西 Higashi Kasai


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. Katsushika ku 葛飾区 Katsushika ward .


. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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