Showing posts with label EDO - Tokyo. Show all posts
Showing posts with label EDO - Tokyo. Show all posts

9 Aug 2020

EDO - legends about shokunin

https://edoflourishing.blogspot.com/2020/05/shokunin-craftsmen-legends.html

shokunin craftsmen legends

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. Traditional Crafts of Edo - Tokyo .
. - - - - - ABC List of Edo craftsmen 江戸の職人 - - - - - .
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shokunin 職人と伝説 legends about craftsmen, artisans, Handwerker
watari shokunin 渡り職人 wandering craftsman


Edo no waza to takumi 江戸の技と匠 The skilled craftsmen of Edo

. takumi 匠と伝説 legends about master craftsmen .

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三十二番職人歌合絵巻 Sanjuniban Shokunin Uta Awase

source : suntory.co.jp...

- quote -
uta awase-e 歌合絵
A series of paintings, usually in handscroll format, arranged as if in a poetry contest utaawase 歌合, where poems composed on assigned topics by members of two opposing teams are judged. These poetry contests originated in the late 9c and became very popular among aristocrats during the 12c. The paintings usually are imaginary portraits of the poets or, occasionally, landscapes described in the poem. Utaawase-e are divided into the following three types. ...
3 Shokunin utaawase-e 職人歌合絵 Illustrations of A Poetry Competition among People of Various Occupations
is a generic term for an imaginary poetry contest in which the competing poets are depicted with the garb and tools of various occupations.
The term shokunin 職人, means craftsmen in modern Japanese,
but in the 13-15c, implied virtually any member of the urban population, as opposed to an aristocrat or a peasant. People such as physicians, fortunetellers, dancers, painters, metal-workers, woodcutters, and gamblers are depicted with poems attributed to them. It is a competition conceived by a single author, and the attribution to persons of various occupations is merely a device to allow artists to explore genre themes. Numerous versions and later copies of illustrations of several different texts of shokunin poetry contests, which were most popular in the late Kamakura and Muromachi periods, are extant.
Two outstanding examples are:
Illustrated Handscroll of The Touhoku'in Poetry Contest among Persons of Various Occupations, Touhoku-in shokunin utaawase emaki 東北院職人歌合絵巻 (early 14c; Tokyo National Museum),
and
Illustrated Handscroll of The Poetry Contest among Persons of Varions Occupations in Thirty-two Rounds, Sanjuuniban shokunin utaawase emaki 三十二番職人歌合絵巻 (Muromachi period; Tenri 天理 Library, Nara).
- source : JAANUS -


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .



................................................................................. Aichi 愛知県
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北設楽郡 Kita-Shitara district 設楽町 Shitara town // 材木商の職人 - lumberjack

. hebi 蛇と伝説 Legends about snakes and serpents .
A baby that had been put to sleep in a mountain hut suddenyl begun to cry. When they looked, a serpent had bitten into its right leg. They looked for the serpent, found it outside and killed it. But they feared the serpent might have been yama no nushi 山の主 the master of the mountain, so they built a small Shinto Shrine to venerate it.
Some time later 材木商の職人 a craftsman working for a lumber dealer damaged the painting of a blind serpent in the Shrine. The next day when he went to work people saw ryuu 龍 a dragon above his head. When they looked closer, it was just a piece of fujizuru 藤蔓 wisteria vine. The man died soon after.

. fuji 藤 wisteria vine .

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furudanuki 古狸 old badger
The trees from a special mountain sold very well. But then strange things happened and the lumberjacks did not work there for long.
Even now, late at night, when the lumberjacks sleep in the small mountain hut, a beautiful young woman appears.
One night a lumberjack took courage and slashed the face of the woman and all could see it was just an old badger.

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- kagiya 鍵屋 locksmith -
hebi 蛇 serpent . 大きなヤマカガシ a big Rhabdophis tigrinus, tiger keelback
About 25 years ago, a man went to the charcoal maker's hut to fetch the coal. There he found a huge tiger keelback, surrounded by its children and many grand-children serpents.
Later many workers for a locksmith came to get the lumber but the serpent told them they would be killed if they stole anything.
After that the serpent disappeared.






................................................................................. Fukushima 福島県
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- 木挽や左官や製材職人 lumberjacks and plasterers (working at a Shrine) -

ningyoo 人形 a strange doll
About 3 years ago, a lumberjack found a small doll of about 15 cm at the foot of akamatsu 赤松 a Japanese red pine. It was bundled in blue wool and in its stomach a nail was sticking out.
After than the lumberjacks and plasterers begun to have injuries and a local priest took the doll, held special rituals and burned it.

kobiki 木挽職人 working with a special saw
shakan, sakan 左官職人 plasterer
seizai shokunin 製材職人 lumberjack



. Kobikichoo 木挽町 Kobiki district .
kobiki-noko 木挽鋸 special saw of a Kobiki worker





................................................................................. Gunma 群馬県
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太田市 Ota city / 建設職人 construction worker

Choorakuji rei 長楽寺鈴 the bell of temple Choraku-Ji *
At the temple Choraku-JI there is a treasure bell. If it starts to ring, there will be flooding.
During repair work of the hall, a construction worker rang it by accident. And suddenly the sky became dark, it rained heavily and flooding was everywhere.
The sound of the bell awakens the Dragon God . . .



- quote
(3) Miracle of Hasu-ike Pond
Hasu-ike Pond was created in the shape of the Chinese character "heart (心)". It is said that this pond used to have a special power. If you threw a piece of paper with the thing you desired most written on it into the pond, it would give it to you. However, a long time ago, a monk asked for and received a mosquito net from the pond. But, it was so beautiful that he didn't want to give it back. The thing was, if you didn't return to the pond what it had given you, it would lose its special power.
Although he knew this, he never returned the mosquito net. And since then, no one has been able to get anything from the pond.
- reference and more : city.ota.gunma.jp... -





................................................................................. Hiroshima 広島県
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広島市 Hiroshima city // 職人

. Osangitsune オサンギツネ / 於三狐 O-San kitsune fox with three tails.
She liked to make fire with her tail, shape-shift into a raion ライオン lion and play tricks on humans.
But since she was so wicked, a shokunin 職人 craftsman took courage, caught her and wanted to burn her. She begged for help and promised she would show him daimyoo gyooretsu 大名行列 a Lord's procession. After he had seen the procession, the craftsman praised the fox. But since this was not an apparition but a real procession, the craftsman was caught and beheaded.





................................................................................. Hyogo 兵庫県
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神戸市 Kobe // 張子玩具職人 making papermachee dolls

obake ningyoo お化人形 monster dolls
A craftsman of papermachee dolls had moved from Takamatsu. To please the many foreigners in Kobe he started making monster-like dolls which moved, rolled the eyes, cut watermelons and more.

. Koobe ningyoo, Kobe Ningyo 神戸人形 mechanical dolls from Kobe .





................................................................................. Iwate 岩手県
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東磐井郡 Higashi-Iwai district 大東村 Ohigashi mura village // 畳職人 tatami straw mat maker

kitsune 狐 fox
A tatami maker was possessed by a fox and did not find his way home. He ended up at the home of someone else.

. tatami 畳職人 Tatami legends .

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Iwate 和賀郡 Waga district 東和町 Towa town // 藁細工の職人 making things of straw

kitsune きつね fox
A man was waiting for customers at watashibune 渡し舟 the ferry station.
A craftsman making things of straw came along, but he was afraid of fire.
Maybe the spirit of a fox had taken possession of him in the mountain forest.

. wara-zaiku 藁細工 things made of straw .




................................................................................. Kanagawa 神奈川県
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浦賀町 Uraga town // 職人

. yuurei 幽霊 Yurei ghosts .
A craftsman fell in love with a yuujo 遊女 prostitute, but his jealous wife killed the prostitute. From that day on, her ghost came to the room every night and rustled her hair along the shooji 障子 sliding doors. Her husband became all anxious and finally went on a pilgrimage. When he wanted to get a place for the night, he was always asked "For the two of you?"
Eventually he went to the temple 龍本寺 Ryuhon-Ji and died there.





................................................................................. Kyoto 京都府
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下京区 Shimogyo ward // 職人

hara no uchi yori mono iu mono 腹のうちより物いうもの
something talkes inside her intestines

The daughter of 近江屋吉 Omiya Kichi, a craftsman from 烏丸四条 Shijo Karasuma, went to marry a certain 藤 Fuji from 烏丸綾小路 Ayanokoji Karasuma.
She was a very good bride, but Fuji was in love with someone else and divorced her, marrying his love.
The daughter of Kichi went missing after the divorce. The new wife of Fuji became very ill. A large roundworm, 応声虫 Oseichu, begun to live in her intestines and talked. The woman had to answer if the worm asked something. They had exorcist rituals but nothing helped and eventually she died.
Fuji went crazy and died soon after.


source : cromagnon.jp..ouseichuu...

- quote -
Oseichu – The Mimicking Roundworm
It starts with a high fever and some stomach pains, and ends with a giant mouth poking out of your own stomach, speaking in your own voice demanding food and drink. It's bad enough getting sick, but you don't want to catch a yokai disease. Especially you don't want to get infected by an oseichu, a mimicking roundworm.
- What Does Oseichu Mean?
Oseichu is made up of three kanji – 応 (O; affirmative, agreements ) + 声 (sei; voice) + 虫 (chu; worm, bug). The three kanji translate roughly into "Voice Mimicking Bug," all though the word "bug" refers more to the infectious disease type than the insect type.
The term osei (応声) is really only used in relation to this yokai. In fact, sometimes the "chu" is dropped altogether and it is just called an osei.
- The Oseichu of Chusaburo
- Yokai Diseases and Mysterious Bugs
- source : hyakumonogatari.com... -

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - ABC-List .




................................................................................. Miyagi 宮城県
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本吉町 Motoyoshi // 壁塗りの職人

kitsune 狐 deceived by a fox 狐
A kabenuri no shokunin 壁塗りの職人 plasterer had helped a farmer with his work and was on his way home. He had gotten some tako 蛸 octopus and iwashi 鰯 sardines and put them in a charcoal bag. But when he reached home, the bag was empty.
He found some leftovers of octopus and sardines scattered at the nest of a fox - aaa, he had been deceived by a fox.

. shakan, sakan 左官 kabe nuri shokunin plasterer, making walls .




................................................................................. Nagano 長野県
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南佐久郡 Minami-Saku district 川上村 Kawakami village // 職人

. kitsune densetsu 狐と伝説 fox legends .
The youngest child of a craftsman was bewitched by a fox. It begun to eat horse droppings and mimizu ミミズ earthworms, and then got lost.
The father got an amulet from 水天宮 the Shrine Suitengu, tore it to pieces and let it float down the river. When it stopped floating, they found the child.





................................................................................. Osaka 大阪府
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大阪市 Osaka city // 植木職人 ueki shokunin

In 大阪城内 the compound of Osaka castle there was a large pine tree whith 植木職人 a special gardener to take care of it.
Once he tried to trim a branch with sharp hasami 鋏 scissors, but he became very sick the same day.

. matsu 松と伝説 Legends about the pine tree / 松の木 matsu no ki .





................................................................................. Saitama 埼玉県
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秩父郡 Chichibu 吉田町 Yoshida town // 畳屋 Tatami straw mat maker

. Chichibu no Tengu 秩父の天狗さま The Tengu from Chichibu .
Once upon a time, it was customary for the local craftsmen to drink a cup of the when they had finished work and were on their way home.
There was one 畳屋 Tatami straw mat maker, who went home without drinking his tea.
After walking for a short while, he heard the sound of cutting wood and it became so dark he could not see the road. Unable to proceed he went back to borrow 提灯 a lantern.
The home owner told him this was the trick of the local Tengu. When he walked back again, it was so light, he almost did not need a lantern.

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所沢市 Tokorozawa city // 桶屋職人 craftsman making buckets

. fukunekozuka, fuku neko zuka 福猫塚 mound of the auspicious cat .





................................................................................. Tokyo 東京都

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .
職人が木を伐るときには切り口をきれいにしておく。天狗が腰かけるのにじゃまになるから伐るのだという。

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文京区 Bunkyo ward // 弓職人 making bows

hikigaeru ひきがへる toad
At a place named 関口 Sekiguchi in Edo there was 水神の社 a Shrine for Suijin the Water Deity. Along the river in front of the Shrine there grew a lot of makomo まこも草 wild rice .
Once 弓職人 a craftsman making bows named Yahei 弥兵衛 passed there when he saw some large shining eyes, about as larte as one seating mat. This was a huge toad.
He was so afraid he run home and stayed in bed for seven days.

. yumi 弓 bow and 矢 ya arrow .


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豊島区 Toshima ward // 渡り職人の木挽き sawing wood

At the home of a lumber dealer there were often stones falling from the sky.
He had kaji kito 加持祈祷 exorcist rites performed, but nothing helped. Even large grave stones came falling down.
When a couple of wandering craftsmen, which had been sawing wood left the home, the stoned stopped falling.

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

. Edo, Tokyo 江戸 - 東京 - 伝説 Legends Index .


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. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .
- Introduction -
. takumi 匠と伝説 legends about master craftsmen .

. Kaido 街道 Highways - ABC Index .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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- - - - - #shokunin #craftsmen #handwerker #craftsman #utaawase #shokuninutaawase - - - -
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28 Jul 2020

EDO - bunko boxes

https://omamorifromjapan.blogspot.com/2020/03/bunko-trunk-books.html

bunko trunk books

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .
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bunko 文庫 trunk or box to store books

. bunkobako 文庫箱 stationary box .
bunko ぶんこ【文庫】a library
. . . . . a stationary box, tebunko 手文庫
. . . . . a collection of books
Bunko is now also used in names for museums.




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- - - quote


Tōjin tsuzura chūnori sandaibanashi
- serifu:
"are mitamae ya shitajita nite ifuku o / ireru mono to kiku gege no ge tora ga / mochi atsukau Murasaki Shikibu ga / fude ni mo moretaru fuji tsuzura / mukashibanashi no Shitakirisuzume omoi / tsuzura no tameshi mo ari Osan ga / degawari haribunko / no shitamonogai to mo / furubishi / tsuzura ga / shichū o aruku wa aruku wa
"nani tsuzura o seōta ga okashii ka / furubita tsuzura o seōte mo / futokoro no dōmaki ni wa shikamo / kotsubu de me ni yā / miemē baka yae
"hate ore bakari tsuzura o seōte / tōjin wa seōte inai kara / kore ga hon no / tōjin ni tsuzura nē da
- Text:
"Will you look at that! They say the common people use the thing to store clothes in gege no ge. Tora uses it and carries it around, even the brush of Murasaki Shikibu mentions wisteria-braided trunks (fuji tsuzura probably an allusion to Fujitsubo). The fairy tale of the sparrows with the tongues cut off is an example for a heavy, braided trunk. A braided trunk, as old as the small trunk used to store books in (haribunko) Osan didn't need anymore and sold goes around, around in town!
"What is so funny about me carrying a braided trunk around? Even if I carry an old trunk on my back, my belt bag is full of gold coins, you just don't see them, you fools!
"Well, I guess I'm the only one here with a braided trunk on my back, the foreigners don't carry any, which must be why they are bored.
Three foreigners point at a man with a headband carrying a braided trunk on his back and throwing himself into a pose.
source : ukiyoe.univie.ac.at...

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haribunko shi 張文庫師 craftsman making small trunks for books


source : edoichiba.jp...

bunko 文庫 were small boxes to store paper and small things, sometimes books.
They were made from wood or bamboo.

The craftsmen who were covering these boxes with paper were the haribunko shi 張文庫師.

. Edo no shokunin 江戸の職人 Edo craftsmen .




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. Join the MINGEI group on facebook ! .  



. Regional Folk Toys from Japan .

. Japan - Shrines and Temples .


. Tohoku after the BIG earthquake March 11, 2011

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- - - #haribunko #bunkobako #stationarybox #bookbox - - - - -
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1 Jul 2020

EDO - kowairo voice imitation

https://edoflourishing.blogspot.com/2020/05/kowairo-voice-mimicry.html

kowairo voice mimicry

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Famous People of Japan .
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kowairo 声色 mimicry of a voice
Mostly done about Kabuki actors.

. Introducing the Kabuki Theater 歌舞伎 .

- quote

Enjoying Kowairo
『声色当リ狂言』

This book is a play script published for fans who love to enjoy Kowairo (to mimic an actor's voice).
In the first half of the book, same as normal play script for Kowairo, famous great lines were extracted from the programs on the board and listed up by actor. In the same page, the actor's crest, status, name of family, and even Haimyo (offstage name) were written with his name as well, so readers can easily get information about their favorite actor.
In following pages, Nigao (likeness painting) of each actors were printed in variety of colours, so fans enjoyed the feeling of acting on the stage by looking at the image and mimicking the line.
In the last half of the book,
short evaluation of each actor of those days who performs in Edo was written.
For example, for the actor Ichikawa Danjyuro the eighth the lines of the popular hero Soga Goro Tokimune was chosen, but the writer's evaluation doesn't look like an actor critique, it refers to nothing but a carp. But it was one of popular technique of Edo culture "Mitate" (viewed as), even when the writer did't mention about the actor or acting, features of the fish worked like metaphors of them.
In this book, other evaluations are also like this.
- source : arc.ritsumei.ac.jp/lib/vm/kabuki2015...

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- quote - Matsuda Film Productions
Japanese films were first produced in 1899.
The first films made were simple recordings of kabuki theater pieces. The camera was placed in front of the stage and recorded the scene exactly as it was played out for the kabuki audience. In order to recreate the theatrical experience, these films were shown with a number of performers known as kowairo who stood at the side of the screen and spoke the dialogue of the kabuki actors who appeared on screen. Thus, the first Japanese films were actually simple reproductions of kabuki performances, shown with kowairo who spoke the dialogue of the original text. There was no need for intertitles or cinematic technique. Indeed, these were simple recordings of kabuki, not cinematic creations. In keeping with the original kabuki piece, a suitable kowairo was chosen for each of the kabuki actors; a child was used to dub in the voice of a child appearing on screen, an old man for an old man. If there were not enough kowairo to cover all the voices of the characters in the film, one kowairo changed his or her voice and handled two or more roles. The kowairo underwent special training to learn to change their voices.
Therefore, a distinction is evident between the kowairo, who was trained as a narrator to read the lines of kabuki texts, and the benshi, who introduced, interpreted, commented on and lent his or her voice to the characters of a film. ...
- source : matsudafilm.com... -


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .


................................................................................. Kochi 高知県
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高岡郡 Takaoka district 東津野村 Higashi-Tsuno village

. Inugami 犬神 Wolf Deity . .
Around 1940, they sai that Inugami looks a lot like nezumi 鼡(ねずみ)a mouse and has lines in his tail.
In some homes of believers in this deity they keep wolves and hold daily rituals for them.
If someone kills a wolf, he will be cursed by Inugami and his voice will mimic a wolf..





................................................................................. Nara 奈良県
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天理市 Tenri city 嘉幡町 Kabata town

yuuren ユウレン,yuurei 幽霊 voice of a ghost
An old man who liked to scold young people once killed niwatori 鶏 a chicken.
One of the young people imitated the voice of a ghost (yuuren in the local dialect) and called the old man:
"Why did you kill the chicken? Give us back the chicken!"
The man threw out the chicken and the young people ate it for dinner.




................................................................................. Shiga 滋賀県
.......................................................................
高島市 Takashima city

. tanuki 狸 - mujina 狢 - racoon dog, badger legends .
At the home of a certain family there was the mimicking voice of humans and the sound of geta 下駄 wooden clogs walking around the house. This was the trick of a Tanuki.


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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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- - - - - H A I K U and S E N R Y U - - - - -

声色や多情多恨の瓶覗き

仁平勝


声色の乙女に還る夏薊

高澤良一


初月に声色舟の流れ来ぬ

長谷川かな女

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. Kaido 街道 Highways - ABC Index .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #kowairo #mimicry - - - -
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16 Jun 2020

EDO - Tatamicho district

https://edoflourishing.blogspot.com/2020/05/tatamicho-district.html

Tatamicho district

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Famous Places and Power spots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
. shokunin 職人 craftsman, artisan, Handwerker .
- see below for
古着新道 Furugi Jinmichi
稲荷新道 Inari Jinmichi.
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Tatamicho, Tatamichō, Tatamimachi 畳町 Tatami district
中央区京橋二・三丁目 Chuo ward, Kyobashi second and third district

This district of the Edo period was abolished in 1931.


source : edo.amebaownd.com...

It used to be located near 八重洲河岸(城辺河岸).
The name refers to the tatamisashi 畳刺 makers of tatami mats, who lived there.

In the South was a part named 古着新道 Furugi Jinmichi.
In the North was a part names 稲荷新道 Inari Jinmichi.

In 1866, it became part of Tokyo.
In 1878, it became part of 京橋区 Kyobashi ward.

Just one district to the West of 大工町 Daikucho.
Also related to 武田氏 the Takeda clan from 甲府 Kofu.

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In Edo, 伊阿弥 / 藺阿弥 the Iami family of tatami makers was appointed by Tokugawa Ieyasu.
The family business dated back to the Muromachi period.
藺阿弥 Iami also grew igusa rush material. The family name Iami was given by 織田信長 Oda Nobunaga.
The tatami maker family later served under Toyotomi Hideyoshi.

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- quote -
元柳町 Motoyanagicho、大工町 Daikucho、畳町 Tatamicho
新柳町 Shinyanagicho、増山町 Masuyamacho



大工町より一本西側にある南北の通りが畳町になります。
江戸期から昭和37年にかけての町名で、武田氏時代に造営された町のひとつです。
町名の由来は大工町と同じく、武田氏時代に畳職人の居住地として指定されたことによります。大工町と大きく違うのは、甲府城が築城されてからは、職人のほとんどが下府中へと移っており、寛延4(1751)年に畳職人は全くいなかったそうです。大正10年の地図では、三の堀が町を東西へ横断しているのが見えます。ほとんどが暗渠化されている三の堀ですが、畳町でははっきりと確認することが出来ます。


- reference source : machikore.com/mattocileci... -


. Kanda daikucho 神田 大工町 carpenter district in Kanda .

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. Kyoobashi 京橋 Kyobashi Bridge "Kyoto Bridge" district .

. Igusamura, Igusa mura 井草村 Igusa village .
Suginami 杉並区 Suginami ward . from the first to the 5th sub-district
Kami-Igusa, Shimo-Igusa

. igusa 藺草(いぐさ)rushes, Juncus effusus .
Igusa is the main material for the Tatami floor mats.




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- quote -
Kyobashi - Home of Edo's Craftsmen
The Tokaido is the main highway between Edo and Western Japan. Here in the downtown area of the city, though, it looks like just one more busy city street. As we get closer to the center of town, the streets which cross the Tokaido become broader and the buildings that line the streets become larger and more imposing. Most of the buildings on the main roads are large stores or the homes some of the city's more prosperous merchants. Kyobashi is the general name given to a large area of low-lying land that makes up one of the key commercial districts of Edo. The district occupies the flat land immediately to the West of Edo castle, and is an important center of the city's economy.
However, the reason why Kyobashi is such an important part of Edo's economy is that many communities of craftsmen and artisans live in the area. The people who practice each type of craft tend to gather together in certain neighborhoods, and for this reason, many neighborhoods in the Kyobashi area are named after the type of craftsmen who live there.
A few examples are:
Tatami-machi -- Mat-maker's village
Oke-machi -- Bucket-maker's village
Minami Daiku-machi -- South carpenter's village
Minami Kaji-machi -- South blacksmith's village
Teppo-machi -- Gunsmith's village

- source : edomatsu/kyobashi... -


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Furugi Jinmichi district 古着新道
中央区八重洲二丁目 Chuo ward, Yaesu second sub-district


source : edo.amebaownd.com...

古着店 Many dealers in furugi 古着 old robes, lived here.


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Inari Jinmichi district 稲荷新道
中央区日本橋堀留町一丁目 Chuo ward, Nihonbashi, Horidomecho first sub-district


source : edo.amebaownd.com...
Also called
杉ノ森新道 Suginomori jinmichi
水森新道 Mizumori jinmichi
椙森新道 Sugimori jinmichi


Leading to the shrine
椙森神社 Sugimori Jinja.
1-10-2 Nihonbashi Horidomecho, Chuo City, Tokyo

- quote -

A shrine well known for its gorgeous festival, with more than 1,000 years of history.
It is one of the oldest shrines in Tokyo.
It is said that in 940 a warrior called Tawara Tota Hidesato prayed for victory and to beat a strong enemy, and he dedicated a silver fox statue.
It is also said that Ota Dokan's ritual for rain at this shrine saved people from drought at the end of the 15th century.
It is counted as the three forests of Edo, and many people still worship there.
- source : centraltokyo-tourism.com... -

. Tawara Tōda Hidesato 俵藤太秀郷 "Lord Bag of Rice" .

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. Chūō ku, Chuuoo Ku 中央区 Chuo Ward "Central Ward" .


. kaidoo 街道と伝説 Legends about the old Kaido highways .

. Kaido 街道 Highways - ABC Index .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #tatamicho #tatamimachi #kyobashi #sugimoir #inarijinmichi #furugijinmichi - - - -
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10 Jun 2020

EDO - Tojo Orai roads

https://edoflourishing.blogspot.com/2020/05/tojo-orai-roads.html

Tojo Orai Roads

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Kaido 街道 Highways - ABC Index .
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Tojo Orai, Tōjō ōrai 東城往来 Tojo Roads
Many roads starting at the town of Tojo (広島県庄原市東城町 Hiroshima, Shobara city, Tojo town)
Tojo Kaido 東城街道 Tojo Highway
was the name used for roads leading to Tojo.
Roads leading away from the side of the Setonaikai were also called
雲州街道 Unshu Kaido(出雲街道 Izumo Kaido
雲州道 Unshu no Michi / 雲州路 Unshu-Ji



. Izumo Kaido 出雲街道 .

Tojo is located in the middle between Nihonkai 日本海 the Sea of Japan and
Setonaikai 瀬戸内海 the Seto Inland Sea.
Many roads were used to bring merchandise from 備後国北部 the North of Bingo no Kuni province.

under construction
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出雲国への道 Road to Izumo no Kuni
From Tojo via 松江 Matsue to the Shrine 出雲大社 Izumo Taisha
Now National Highway 314.

. Izumo taisha 出雲大社 Izumo Grand Shrine .


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伯耆国への道 Road to Hoki no Kuni
From Tojo via 米子 Yonago to 大山 Mount Daisen.

- quote -
Hoki Province (伯耆国, Hōki no kuni)
was an old province of Japan in the area that is today the western part of Tottori Prefecture. It was sometimes called Hakushū (伯州). Hōki bordered on Inaba, Mimasaka, Bitchū, Bingo, and Izumo Provinces.
-source : wikipedia -


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新見・美作国への道 Road to Niimi, Mimasaka no Kuni
Now National Highway 182.

- quote -
Mimasaka Province (美作国, Mimasaka no kuni)
or Sakushu (作州, Sakushū) was a province of Japan in the part of Honshū that is today northeastern Okayama Prefecture.
Mimasaka bordered Bitchū, Bizen, Harima, Hōki, and Inaba Provinces.
Mimasaka was landlocked, and was often ruled by the daimyō in Bizen. The ancient capital and castle town was Tsuyama.
During the Edo period the province was controlled by the Tsuyama Domain.
- source : wikipedia -


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吹屋への道 Road to Fukiya
Called 吹屋往来 Fukiya Orai from the Tojo side.
Now National Highway 182.

. My Visit to Fukiya 吹屋 .
an important copper mining town in the Edo period.


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備中松山城下への道 Road to Bitchu Matsuyama
From Tojo to the castle town, present-day 岡山県高梁市 Takahashi in Okayama.
Now National Highway 182.

- quote -
Bitchū Matsuyama Castle (備中松山城, Bitchū Matsuyama-jō),
also known as Takahashi Castle, is a castle located in Takahashi, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. It is not to be confused with Matsuyama Castle in Matsuyama, Ehime Prefecture.
Along with being one of only twelve remaining original castles in the country, Bitchū Matsuyama Castle is notable as the castle with the highest elevation above sea level in Japan at 430 meters (1410 ft).
- source : wikipedia -


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笠岡への道 Road to Kasaoka
東城より備中国笠岡湊(岡山県笠岡市)に至る。
From there called the 出雲街道 Izumo Kaido.

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備後福山城下への道 Road to the castle of Bingo Fukuyama
From Tojo called 福山道 Fukuyama Michi.
From Fukuyama called 東城街道 Tojo Kaido, 東城道 Tojo Michi or 東城路 Tojo-Ji.
Now National Highway 182.

- quote -
Bingo Province (備後国, Bingo no kuni)
was a province of Japan on the Inland Sea side of western Honshū, comprising what is today the eastern part of Hiroshima Prefecture.
It was sometimes grouped together with Bizen and Bitchu Provinces as Bishū (備州). The 備 bi in the names of these provinces is taken from the second character in the name of Kibi Province, whose ambit also included the area that would be divided off as Mimasaka Province in the early 8th century CE. Bingo bordered Bitchū, Hōki, Izumo, Iwami, and Aki Provinces.
The ancient capital is believed to have been in the vicinity of the city of Fuchu. During the Sengoku Period, Bingo was part of the Mori clan's domains, but after the Battle of Sekigahara, Tokugawa Ieyasu reassigned it to one of his allies.
A notable landmark includes Fukuyama Castle, which was the main castle of the Bingo-Fukuyama han (clan) during the Edo period of Japanese history.
- source : wikkpedia -


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備後府中への道 Road to Bingo Fuchu in Hiroshima
Now National Highway 25.

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尾道への道 Road to Onomichi in Hiroshima
Now National Highway 25.

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三原城下への道 Road to the castle town of Mihara in Hiroshima
Now National Highway 25.



. Mihara Daruma 三原だるま .


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三次への道 Road to Miyoshi in Hiroshima
This road was used to procede to 安芸国 Aki no Kuni and 石見国 Iwami no Kuni
Now National Highway 23.

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- reference source : wikipedia -


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .


................................................................................. Hiroshima 広島県

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庄原市 Shobara city 東城町 Tojo town

. daikon 大根 と伝説 Legends about radish .
daikon no oto 大根の音 the sound of a radish
People should not cut radish on the day of Inoko, because if someone hears the sound of cutting, he will die.
Farmers are also not allowed to go into 大根畑 the radish fields to pull radishes.

. inoko 亥の子 / イノコ / 亥子 day of the "young wild boar" .

- - -

ishigami san 石神さん The Venerable Stone Deity
Once 柳右衛門 Ryuemon saw a large rock falling from the sky and wanted to venerate it in his estate. He asked a strong forest worker to crry it to his home. The worker could carry it without aproblem, finding it quite light. But when ther reached the pass, the rock suddenly felt so heavy he could not carry it any more.
So they built a Shrine on the pass and prayed there to
手力男命 Tajikara Onokami / 天之手力男神 / 天手力男神 Ame no Tajikara Onokami, Amenotajikara O no Kami
The rock seemed to grow larger every year.



(あめのたぢからおのかみ)

. Ishigami 石神 Stone Deity .
天手力男神 Amenotadikaraonokmi / Ame-no-tajikarao / Amenotejikara

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. Onibashi 鬼橋 the Demon Bridge .
At 帝釈山 Mount Taishakusan.


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- reference : nichibun yokai database -


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. kaidoo 街道と伝説 Legends about the old Kaido highways .

. Kaido 街道 Highways - ABC Index .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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EDO - Tenma Kaido Hokkaido


Edo - the EDOPEDIA -


Tenma Kaido Highway

Posted: 08 Jun 2020 09:23 PM PDT

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Kaido 街道 Highways - ABC Index .
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Tenma Kaido 天馬街道 Tenma Highway, Tenma Road
From 十勝の帯広市 Obihiro to 浦河町 Urakawa, Hokkaido 北海道.
About 139 km long.
It took more than 25 years to complete this scenic road in Hokkaido.



The name derives from the former postal stations, "Ekiba, Tenma" (Post Horse System).
Literally tenma is a flying horse from Heaven, a kind of Pegasus.

Along the road is 野塚トンネル the Nozuka Tunnel, which is about 4,232 m long.



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- quote -

Tenma Road
A route that connects Hidaka and Tokachi, It is an amazing driving course
A road that connects Hiroo and Urakawa on the National Highway 236. Everywhere on the road could be said to be a view point, and you can enjoy seasonally changing faces of magnificent nature and beautiful ravines of Hidaka Mountains. It is amazing during the fall foliage. In particular, "Nozuka Tunnel" area is known as a great photo spot for foliage.
Taking a break at the Suimei Bridge Park, known for its water, is highly recommended.

- source : occi.or.jp/nissho_peninsula... -

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- quote

Goshiki-keikoku 五色渓谷 Goshiki Gorge
Goshiki Gorge is a scenic spot located in the upstream of the Niobetsu River, a tributary of the Hidaka-Horobetsu River running along the Tenma Kaido Road, which connects the Hidaka area and the Tokachi area in Hokkaido.
This 10-kilometer beautiful gorge is counted as one of the 10 fine scenic spots in Urakawa Town. Located almost in the middle of the route crossing the Hidaka Mountain Range, which is called "the spine of Hokkaido," visitors can enjoy bountiful nature of the Hidaka area all through the year.
The gorge
is surrounded with the forest of white birch, Japanese maple tree, Painted maple, Japanese Judas tree and Japanese Hop-hornbeam (Ostrya japonica). As is called "Goshiki (Five Colors)," the surrounding mountains are covered with colorful leaves in fall. The best time to view autumn leaves is from late September to the middle of October. Going down to the river bank, you can enjoy seeing the reflected images of red leaves on the surface of the clear stream. However, the most magnificent is the sights of the gorge seen from Suimeibashi Park and the Goshiki-bashi Bridge.
Kamikineusu, Urakawa-cho, Urakawa-gun, Hokkaido
- source : nippon-kichi.jp...

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- quote -

Churui 忠類(ちゅうるい)
Along the National Highway 236, the "Churui" roadside rest area provides the playable and comfortable setting with foods and museum.
In the "Churui" located in the center of the area, you can rest while taking a snack, and then it provides visitor information on southern Tokachi and road information on the Tenma-Kaido road and the Nissho Pass.
Majestic figure of the Naumann elephant and the state at the time of excavation can be found in the Churui Naumann Elephant Museum.
Families can play at the fountain and wooden playground in the Naumann Park, and visitors can play two park-golf courses of beginner and advanced.
So you can enjoy at the park for the whole day.
Also you can relieve your weariness of a journey by getting in the Nauman Onsen Arco 236 with 100 % fresh hot spring water of alkaline simple hot spring.
- source : hokkaido-michinoeki.jp... -


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. Kaido 街道 Highways - ABC Index .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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8 Jun 2020

EDO - Tanabu Kaido


Edo - the EDOPEDIA -


Tanabu Kaido Highway

Posted: 06 Jun 2020 10:05 PM PDT

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Kaido 街道 Highways - ABC Index .
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Tanabu Kaido 田名部街道 Tanabu Highway
In Aomori 青森県, connecting 野辺地 Noheji with 田名部 Tanabu (むつ市 Mutsu city).
About 53 km long.



Often used by the Daimyo of Morioka han 盛岡藩 the Morioka Domain as a waki kaido 脇街道 side-route.
Already mentioned in documents of 1649.
A road along the 陸奥湾 Mutsu wan bay, also called 入海辺道.

The part from 野辺地 Noheji to 横浜 Yokohama was called
sunamichi 砂道 "sand road" along the beach.

The time for a Daimyo procession from 盛岡 Morioka to Tanabu took 5 days in Summer and 7 days in Winter.
The junkenshi 巡見使 inspectors of the Edo Tokugawa government used this road.
The pilgrims to 恐山 Mount Osorezan used it too.


- Postal stations along the Tanabu Kaido
Noheji 野辺地 
Arito 有戸    
Yokohama 横浜   
Nakanozawa 中野沢 
Tanabu 田名部 




The name Tanabu was also written 田鍋 (Tanabe) or 田南部 (Tananbu).

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. Aomori no Kaido 青森の街道 Highways of Aomori prefecture .

. Osorezan Taisai 恐山大祭 Great Summer Festival at Mount Osorezan .
and the イダコ Itako Shamans

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- quote -
Noheji (野辺地町, Noheji-machi)
- History
The area around Noheji was inhabited by the Emishi people until the historical period, and the name "Noheji" is derived from "Nosobechi", or "place where a pure river flows through a field" in the Ainu language.
During the Edo period, the area was controlled by the Nambu clan of Morioka Domain and prospered due to its fishing industry and location on the road connecting Morioka Domain with the Hirosaki Domain.
During the Boshin War of the Meiji Restoration, the Battle of Noheji occurred between the Tokugawa loyalist forces of Morioka Domain and pro-imperial forces of Hirosaki Domain on 11 November 1868, resulting in a victory for the Imperial faction.
During the post-Meiji restoration creation of the modern municipalities system on 1 April 1889, the village of Noheiji was established. Noheji was elevated to town status on 28 August 1898.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


常夜燈公園 Joyato Koen Park and the ship みちのく丸 Michinoku Maru
- source and more photos : nohezi-zyoyato ... -

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- quote -

Yokohama (横浜町, Yokohama-machi)
- History
The area around Yokohama was controlled by the Nambu clan of Morioka Domain during the Edo period.
During the post-Meiji restoration establishment of the modern municipalities system on 1 April 1889, it was proclaimed to be a village. Yokohama was elevated to town status on April 1, 1958.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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- quote -

Tanabu Matsuri 田名部祭り Tanabu Festival
In the northern wilds of Aomori, a land of long winters and cold snowy nights, summer is held in divine regard. This can be vividly experienced during the three nights of the Tanabu Festival in the town of Mutsu. If you were to ask any local what one event their region is known for, what one event everyone is looking forward to, what one event is the last great hoorah before winter's onslaught, it is this very one.
The festival spans three days, the first evening beginning with the "oshimako" dance. Men lead the procession carrying lanterns, followed in their wake by hundreds of women in traditional dress dancing the "oshimako" to centuries old music.
The second night is the "mikoshi" night where several teams of men drink their body weight in beer, lay hold of a portable Shinto shrine (the mikoshi), and start chucking it into the air while yelling to lung's capacity and spinning wildly. This author has participated in the "mikoshi" and can verify that hurling hundreds of pounds into the air, and entrusting the catch to a drunken cohort, is a great way pass the time. The "mikoshi" is used to transport the shrine's diety around the festival, while throwing him into the air is for his amusement. At least a thousand or so onlookers fill the streets, many dressed in traditional yukata, Each of the four separate neighborhoods of the aptly named "Tanabu" district in the town of Mutsu house their own portable shrines called "dashi" all year long, bringing them out to play for the festival. Each shrine is housed in a 15 ft tall structure resembling a mini-castle that is pulled along atop a wagon, with the image of the god on the top floor of the shrine. Each of the four wheels are wooden and probably decades old, having no axle so that a gang of men have to manhandle the "dashi" with ropes and poles to make it turn. Several people hang out in the shrines, playing flutes and drums. The shrines are pulled through the streets to the raucous shouts of "yama yare!", to my best knowledge meaning "get it done!".
On the last night of the festival,
the five shrines meet at an intersection for "gosho wakare", the ritual where they separate and return to their respective neighborhoods until next year. During this ritual, at around 10 PM, a giant barrel of sake is brought and men in priestly garb ladle sake out to all present until its empty.
The festival has a few side attractions as well: food booths, "noh" plays and samurai dramas acted out on a stage, local bars and restaurants set up booths on the streets and offer cheap fares to entice customers. During the day one can see small groups of men carrying around their "mikoshi" and playing traditional music in the backstreets. Perhaps the most enjoyable aspect of the festival is the people. Being the land of long winters, this summer festival brings everyone out of their homes and brings out joy in everyone present. If you are looking to interact with local people, this is the best time of year to do so.
The origins of the festival are unknown
but have been estimated to be over 300 years old. It resembles the Gion Festival in Kyoto in many ways. Each shrine houses a neighborhood deity. In the weeks leading up to the festival, the teams who pull the shrine will regularly meet, set the deity's statue in a place of honor, and get thoroughly drunk.
The name "Tanabu" relates to the town of Tanabu that existed before it was merged with another town called "Ominato", becoming what is the current town of Mutsu.
- source : en.japantravel.com/aomori/tanabu-festival... -

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- reference and more photos of the Kaido : blog.livedoor.jp/kaketsuka8185... -


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .


................................................................................. Aomori 青森県

- folk belief from Tanabu
旧暦6月頃に収穫された小麦は、粉にされて旧暦7月13日お盆の精霊に供えられる。田名部(下北郡恐山)から来た精霊は、盆中は麦ハットのおひながを供えられ、16日午後にはキンカモチを背負い田を見回って帰るという。
.
死者に着せる白衣をイロといい、この上にムラサキと称して紫の布を肩に掛けることがある。こうすると後を引かないといい、悪い病気で死んだ人などにするという。

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ejina エジナ,izuna いずな a large weasel
It can bewitch humans and horses. People not well liked are often bewitched and begin to eat huge amounts of food.
To get rid of this, people go to the イダコ the Itako Shamans of Tanabe.

. itachi 鼬 /イタチ / 飯綱 Izuna weasel .
The least weasel (Mustela nivalis), little weasel, common weasel, or simply weasel

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hotoke 仏
ある農家の主婦が、盆に精霊に供える麦ハットを作らずに麦把のままで精霊棚に供え、土産のキンカモチも作らずに仏を送った。仏は田名部(下北郡恐山)に帰る道すがら、他の仏に麦ハットもキンカモチも作ってくれなくて腹が立ったので、帰るときに子どもを火にくべてきたと語った。その家では、本当にその時刻に子どもが火傷をしたという。

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むつ市 Mutsu city 田名部 Tanabu

shigo no tamashi 死後のタマシ the soul after death
After death, the soul goes to 恐山 Mount Osorezan in Tanabu.
If the sound of the karasu ravens is strange, there is a new soul coming.

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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