Showing posts with label EDO - Tokyo. Show all posts
Showing posts with label EDO - Tokyo. Show all posts

10 Jun 2019

EDO - Funabori district


Edo - the EDOPEDIA -


Funabori district Edogawa

Posted: 07 Jun 2019 10:18 PM PDT

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Famous Places and Power spots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Funabori 船堀 Funabori district
船堀村 Funabori mura village

Edogawa, 船堀一丁目から七丁目 from the first to seventh sub-district



funabori 船堀 lit. a moat (hori) for boats and ships
The moat was joined with the river Shinkawa 新川(船堀川 Funaborigawa)
In 1629, the river was enlarged to ship salt from Chiba to Edo.

Nowadays both sides of the moat are well preserves walking areas.
In the Edo period, the rivers 小名木川 Onagigawa and Funaborigawa were artificially created for easy water transportation, especially of salt.
Edo had a lot of shallow waterways not suited for larger boats. Therefore the sand from natural rivers had to be dug out regularly to make them deeper.
Around 1808 the river Onagigawa was cleaned again. At its most shallow part where the former river 中川 Nakagawa merged with it, it was only 36 cm deep.


source : edokara.tokyo/conts...

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タワーホール船堀 Tower Hall Funabori Tower Observatory
4 Chome-1-1 Funabori, Edogawa City



The tower is only 115 m high. The building has the form of a sailboat.
- read more ! -

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Temples and Shrines in Funabori

法然寺 Honen-Ji
法竜寺 Horyu-Ji
光明寺 Komyo-Ji

日枝神社 Hie Jinja
稲荷神社 Inari Jinja

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Funabori no Fujizuka 船堀の富士塚 Fuji Mound
6 Chome-7-23 Funabori, Edogawa City,
At the shrine 日枝神社 Hie Jinja.


. Fujizuka, Fuji-zuka 富士塚 Mound to honor Mount Fujisan .

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. river Shinkawa 新川 .
and a district of that name in Kanda.

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Shinkawa park
2 Chome-27-4 Shinkawa, Chuo City

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river Onagigawa 小名木川 (おなぎがわ)
- not Konaki river

- quote


小名木川クローバー橋 Onagigawa Clover Bridge
1 chome Ojima | 3 chome Ogibashi Koto-ku
Walk or cycle across the Onagigawa Clover Bridge, a landmark structure by Sumiyoshi Station. This cross-shaped bridge, the first of its kind in Tokyo, connects where the Onagi River and Yokojikken River meet. Make sure to stop in the middle for a unique view of Tokyo Skytree.
- source : gotokyo.org/en...

. Onagigawa 小名木川 and 行徳 Gyotoku salt fields .


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Horidomechoo 堀留町 Horidomecho District
Nihonbashi area


Painting by Hasegawa Settan 1834-1836

- quote -
The Horidome district was located in the vicinity of modern Nihonbashi Horidome-chō 1-chōme and 2-chōme; it being positioned along an excavated bund that faced onto and altered the flow of the two Horidome rivers (east and west).
Water transportation was used extensively in the area during Edo times, with the town becoming well-known for its rice traders.
- source : library.metro.tokyo.jp/Portals -

Because of the wide waterway, many wholesalers (tonya 問屋) had their warehouses here, especially rice dealers.

. Pottery dealers in Horidome .



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- - - - - H A I K U and S E N R Y U - - - - -

川鵜翔つ通船堀の水幽し


小川原嘘師


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形代も通船堀にかかる頃

松本進


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. Edogawa ku 江戸川区 Edogawa ward .


. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #funabori #onagigawa #shinkawa #shingawa - - - -
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6 Jun 2019

EDO - Hayabusa district


Edo - the EDOPEDIA -


Hayabusa district Chiyoda

Posted: 31 May 2019 11:04 PM PDT

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Famous Places and Power spots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
. Persons and People of Edo - Personen .
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Hayabusachoo, Hayabusachō 隼町 Hayabusacho district
Chiyoda, no sub-districts
lit. peregrine falcon district



When Tokugawa Ieyasu moved to Edo, he loved falconry and his falconers lived in this district.
Also written 鷹匠町 Takajo cho, falconers district.
There were also many estates of 旗本屋 Hatamoto Samurai in the area.
The name was given to the area after 1868.

. takagari 鷹狩り hunting with hawks and falcons .
Meguro was home to the hawks and falcons hunting grounds (takajo 鷹所)of the Shogun, first developed by Tokugawa Ieyasu himself, because he was an avid hunter.


After the 明暦の大火 great fire of Meireki in 1657 the area was devastated and came under the protection of the Shrine 日枝神社 Hiei Jinja.
In 1691 large parts became hiyokechi 火除地 fire barrier zones.
In 1697, homes were built again and Hayabusacho grew.

The origin of the slope 三宅坂 Mitakezaka goes back to the kamiyashiki上屋敷 main residence of the 田原藩三宅家 Mitake family of the Tahara domain, now 渥美半島 Atsumi peninsula in Aichi.
It is also the place where 渡辺崋山 Watanabe Kazan (1793 - 1841) was born.

In 1872, Hayabusacho became the first sub-district of 麹町山元町 Kojimachi Yamamoto cho.
The Southern part was called 麹町隼町 Kojimachi Hayabusacho.

During WWII, most of the Mitake estate was used by the military.
A large hospital was built, now known as
国立国際医療研究センター National Center for Global Health and Medicine - NCGM, .

- quote -


The "Phantom Hospital" appears - NCGM's origin
-- After the Boshin War (1868–1869), the shoguns kept their soldiers stationed in the outer moat of Edo Castle, even after the transition from wartime to peacetime. In addition, an increasing number of residents of Tokyo started to demand healthcare. The NCGM has its origins in a provisional military hospital established for the sick and wounded inside the Yamashita Gate (Yamashita Gate provisional hospital) on October 1, 1868.
-- Yamashita Gate was located near the intersection of Miyuki-dori and the expressway behind the Imperial Hotel in present-day Ginza; however, today, the only traces of its existence can be found in the name of the Yamashita-bashi elevated bridge. The gate was built by Hosokawa Tadatoshi from Kumamoto Prefecture in 1636, and was said to be the smallest gate of the Edo Castle.
-- The Yamashita Gate provisional hospital was the army's first core hospital, but it went through a series of name changes and there are no records of its existence, hence, the name "Phantom Hospital."
-- This provisional hospital had been originally known as the Gunmukan (Bureau of Military Affairs) Treatment Center until Gunmukan was replaced by the Ministry of the Military in 1869, whereupon it became the Treatment Center of the Ministry of the Military. The Kutsuki house of the Fukuchiyama feudal estate of Uchiyamashita-chō provided the hospital with its daimyō's mansion, located inside what is now Hibiya Park.
-- Its name was changed to Tokyo Garrison Provisional Hospital in 1871, and again to Second Provisional Hospital of the Army a year later. After the closing of the First Provisional Hospital inside Gokoku-ji temple, it was used to house beriberi patients. (Kurosawa Yoshiyuki, Journal of the Japanese Society for the History of Medicine., vol. 40)
-- After that, the army established a hospital in Kōjimachi at the suggestion of Matsumoto Ryōjun. The hospital was newly rebuilt on August 1, 1873 to inherit the work of its predecessor, and served as the army's main hospital.
- reference source : hosp.ncgm.go.jp/en... -


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Kokuritsu Gekijō 国立劇場 National Theater of Japan
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The National Theatre of Japan (国立劇場 Kokuritsu Gekijō) is a complex consisting of three halls in two buildings in Hayabusa-chō, a neighborhood in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan. The Japan Arts Council, an Independent Administrative Institution of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, operates the National Theatre. It primarily stages performances of traditional Japanese performing arts.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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最高裁判所 Supreme Court of Japan
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The Supreme Court of Japan (最高裁判所 Saikō-Saibansho, called 最高裁 Saikō-Sai for short), located in Hayabusachō, Chiyoda, Tokyo, is the highest court in Japan. It has ultimate judicial authority to interpret the Japanese constitution and decide questions of national law (including local bylaws). It has the power of judicial review; that is, it can declare Acts of the National Diet, local assemblies, and administrative actions, to be unconstitutional.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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渡辺崋山 Watanabe Kazan (1793 - 1841)



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... a Japanese painter, scholar and statesman member of the samurai class.
He was born Watanabe Sadayasu in Edo (now Tokyo)
to a poor samurai family, and his artistic talent was developed from an early age. His family served the lord of the Tahara Domain, located in present-day Aichi prefecture. Watanabe himself served the lord of Tahara as a senior councilor, one of his achievements being said to be protecting the domain from even a single death from starvation during the Tenpō famine. He was heavily influenced by the artistic styles of the West, forming a unique style with elements of Japanese and European art.
Like many other Edo-period artists,
Kazan painted realistic portraits of his subjects using the effects of shading which he learned from European paintings. On the one hand, he was a traditionalist Confucian, who believed in filial piety and loyalty to his daimyō, and on the other he was enthusiastic about Western ideas regarding science and politics. He wrote two private essays which were interpreted as being critical of the Shogunate's defense of Tokyo Bay and promoting Western ideas. Although these papers were discarded by Watanabe, they were found and he was tried and exiled to his home province of Tahara. One of the conditions of his exile was that he wouldn't sell his paintings, however Watanabe continued selling his paintings in secret due to financial hardships. This was eventually discovered leading to the suppression of his works and house arrest.
Due to the political turmoil involved in this,
Watanabe committed ritual suicide (seppuku) as a way to amend for the embarrassment he caused his lord.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !




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Frog in the Well:
Portraits of Japan by Watanabe Kazan, 1793-1841

Donald Keene

Frog in the Well
is a vivid and revealing account of Watanabe Kazan, one of the most important intellectuals of the late Tokugawa period. From his impoverished upbringing to his tragic suicide in exile, Kazan's life and work reflected a turbulent period in Japan's history. He was a famous artist, a Confucian scholar, a student of Western culture, a samurai, and a critic of the shogunate who, nevertheless, felt compelled to kill himself for fear that he had caused his lord anxiety.
During this period,
a typical Japanese scholar or artist refused to acknowledge the outside world, much like a "frog in the well that knows nothing of the ocean," but Kazan actively sought out Western learning. He appreciated European civilization and bought every scrap of European art that was available in Japan. He became a painter to help his family out of poverty and, by employing the artistic techniques of the West, achieved great success with his realistic and stylistically advanced portraits.
Although he remained a nationalist
committed to the old ways, Kazan called on the shogunate to learn from the West or risk disaster. He strove to improve the agricultural and economic conditions of his province and reinforce its defenses, but his criticisms and warnings about possible coastal invasions ultimately led to his arrest and exile.
Frog in the Well
is the first full-length biography of Kazan in English, and, in telling his life's story, renowned scholar Donald Keene paints a fascinating portrait of the social and intellectual milieus of the late Tokugawa period. Richly illustrated with Kazan's paintings, Frog in the Well illuminates a life that is emblematic of the cultural crises affecting Japan in the years before revolution.
- source : amazon.com... -


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. Chiyoda ku 千代田区 Chiyoda ward - "Fields of Eternity" .


. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #hayabusacho #hayabusa #kazan #watanabekazan - - - -
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SHRINE - Ubagami shrine


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Shinto Shrines (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities .
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ubagami 姥神 lit. "old woman deity" - "Grandmother Deity"

- - - - - The legends from Esashi in Hokkaido know this:

Orii baasan 折居婆さん / オリイバアサン grandmother Orii
Grandmother Orii lived in Esashi. She prayed to the deities every morning and could tell the villagers about the weather of the day. The villagers thought of her as a deity, because her weather forecast was always right.
Once there was a bad catch for herring. That night grandmother Orii saw murasaki no hi 紫の火 a divine purple light in the sky above the sea. As the deity had shown her, she went out to the sea, poured ritual water from a Tokkuri container in that spot and folded her hands in prayer. Now a huge group of herring came by and the villagers had enough to eat for a long time.
When the villagers went to the home of Grandmother Orii, she was gone and since then they prayed to her as
Ubagami 姥神 "the old woman deity".

This name is also read おりん婆(折居婆)Orin Ba.


source : nihon.syoukoukai.com...

Tokkuri iwa 江差のとっくり岩 Tokkuri rock in Esashi
They say the Tokkuri of Grandmother Orii turned upside down and became a rock.
Many herring are fished around this rock.

. nishin 鰊 / 鯡 / 青魚 / 黄魚 herring .


source : Esashi Town Homepage

- Another version of the legend:

Once there lived an old couple in 江差 Esashi which had not enough to eat.
A deity appeared in their dream and told them to explore a certain area of the sea. Next morning they went out and found a lot of herring. Now they could eat fish to their heart's content.
The Ubagami deity venerated in Esashi is seen as this old couple, they are the ancestors of the herring fishermen.

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Ubagami Daijinguu 姥神大神宮 Ubagami Daijingu
海道檜山郡江差町姥神町99 / Ubagamichō, Esashi, Hiyama district, Hokkaido



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The Ubagami Daijingu Togyo Festival – held every year from August 9 to 11 – is what the residents of Esashi most look forward to every year. Approximately 50,000 people gather in the town – which has a population of only 8,000 – to watch portable shrines and 13 floats being paraded around the streets.
- A festival that has continued since the Edo Period
Since the Edo Period, Esashi prospered as a herring fishing community, and was greatly influenced by the culture and festivals of the Kansai and Hokuriku regions due to the Kitamae-bune ships that arrived via the Sea of Japan shipping route. The origins of the Ubagami Daijingu Togyo Festival date back 375 years, when it began with the people of Esashi thanking the gods for the plentiful herring catches.
- The chair of the Esashi Sightseeing & Convention Association, Saikaiya Nozomu is also a doll maker who creates the mannequins that ride on the floats, and from an early age he grew up with the shrine festivals. Each of the town's neighborhood associations is responsible for the management and operation of one of the floats, which cost over 10 million yen to build and between 1.8 and 1.9 million yen per year to maintain. These costs are generously borne by the residents of the neighborhoods and people who were born in or have connections with the town. "People who come from the cities are motivated by Esashi residents' enthusiasm and passion for the festival," says Saikaiya. "Perhaps it's because they sense the eagerness to preserve the local culture inherited from the Edo period."
Saikaiya's father was the doll maker who, under the name of Hokuryu, created five of the mannequins that ride on the thirteen floats mannequins. Nozomu is the second-generation Hokuryu. "Mannequins made by myself and my father adorn the festival," says Saikaiya. "Such emotions cannot be experienced anywhere else."
- Young people return home for the festival
The children of Esashi are raised on drum & flute lullabies. They are pulling floats as soon as they can walk, and are playing the flute and drums when they become elementary and junior high school pupils. They then take on the role of protecting the float from overhead cables, and when they become adults they are responsible for supervising the parade of floats, with the ultimate aim of becoming one of the people charged with overall responsibility for the float.
- Natsuhara Shigeki,
who works at an elementary school and is also the vice chair of the festival organizing committee tells of an episode that expresses Esashi residents' feelings toward the festival. "At a job interview in a certain city, a high school student from Esashi asked if he could take a holiday on the same three festival days every year. He explained about the Ubagami Daijingu Togyo Festival and that without the younger generation, the floats would not be mobile and asked the boss for the time off. The boss of the company was surprised and impressed by the high school student's enthusiasm for his hometown, something that is not so common, and decided to employ him straight away."
Everyone gets involved in the festival – from young children to senior citizens. All homes prepare alcohol and food to welcome visitors. According to Natsuhara, "Esashi has created a culture in which all people are involved." Saikaiya also adds "Each household serves local cuisine made with recipes handed down from the past, making it a festival in which food culture is also conveyed."
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- source : kai-hokkaido.com/en/feature...


- - - - - Deities in residence - - - - -
天照皇大御神 Amaterasu Omikami
天児屋根神 Amanokoyane no Mikoto
住吉大神 Sumiyoshi Daijin


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shuin 朱印 stamp


- - - - - HP of the Shrine
- source : hokkaidojinjacho.jp... -

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Yearly Festivals 年中行事


- CLICK for more photos !

姥神大神宮渡御祭(うばがみだいじんぐうとぎょさい)Ubagami Daijingu Togyosai

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Ubagami Daijingu is the oldest shrine in Hokkaido, established in 1447. It is said to have been established as a place for herring-fishers to worship the image of the god they believed in. Once a year, the people of Esashi carry out the Togyosai, in which they offer their thanks for a bountiful catch of fish.
Thirteen richly decorated floats (called "yama" in Esashi) are paraded downtown and uptown in a dignified procession. This festival is clearly dear to the hearts of everyone in Esashi—during the Togyosai, the population of the town swells to five times its normal size because of the many people returning home. The Togyosai is truly a festival fit to represent Hokkaido.
– Reception period: August 1-7, 2017. The festival itself takes place from August 9-11.
- source : hokkaido-sightseeing.com/en... -


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天児屋根神 / 天児屋根命 / 天児屋命 Amanokoyane no Mikoto / Ama-no-Koyane-no-mikoto
Amenokoyanenomikoto/Amenokoyanomikoto / Ameno Koyane




He belongs to the deities of Shrine Kasuga Jinja, Nara.
He is considered to be an ancestor of the 中臣 Nakatomi clan and its most famous branch - the Fujiwara clan.

中臣連等の祖。天の石屋・天孫降臨段に登場。天の石屋段には天照大御神を天石屋戸から招き出すために布刀詔戸言を申した神。天孫降臨では五伴緒として番能邇々芸命に随行する。
- reference source : kojiki.kokugakuin.ac.jp... -


- quote -
Ameno Koyane
is known to have been one of the Gods of the Five Guilds. He was one of the many Gods present when Ninigi made his descent to Earth. This god and many others agreed after a decree by Amaterasu to serve and follow Ninigi.
Ameno Koyane was also given the extra task, alongside Ameno Futodama to aid and protect Ninigi.
This God is claimed as the ancestor of the Nakatomi Clan.
- The Five Guilds
The Gods of the Five Guilds are a group of Gods with the names Ameno Koyane, Ameno Futodama, Ameno Uzume, Ishikoridome and Tamaya.
Each of these Gods agreed to follow the royal decree of Amaterasu to follow and serve Ninigi after his decent to the Earth. Two of these Gods (Ameno Koyane and Ameno Futodama) were given special decrees to aid and protect Ninigi.
- source : historyofjapan.co.uk... -

Kogotomusubi no Kami 興台産霊神
The father of Amanokoyane, ancestral kami of the Fujiwara clan.
According to the "divine-age" records in Sendai kuji hongi, Kogotomusubi was identified as the mikogami (divine offspring) of Ichichimusuhi no mikoto, a kami in the lineage of another kami, Tsuhayamusuhi no mikoto. Based on the theory that the name Kogoto is formed from a plural prefix attached to the word koto meaning "word," the name has been interpreted to mean kotodama, namely a kami of speech and language.
- source : eos.kokugakuin.ac.jp... -

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- Reference : 姥神大神宮
- Reference : Ubagami Hokkaido




. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


....................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県 .....
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白井市 Shiroi city 斎川松沢 Saikawa Matsuzawa

chichigami 乳神 "breast deity"
At the root of an old pine tree there was a spring and in the nearby sanctuary there was a stone memorial for Ubagami.
The wife of 用明天皇 Yomei Tenno (518 - 587) gave birth here on a rock called Shitahimo no ishi 下紐の石, but she did not have enough milk to feed the baby. A diviner told her to use the water from the spring and when she drunk it, her milk begun to flow. A stone statue was erected in her honor.
Now many women come here to pray.
Sometimes they scratch a bit of the breast of the statue and drink the powder to make their own milk flow.
As a sign of greatfullness many women later bring a plush doll of a female breast.



. matsu 松と伝説 Legends about the pine tree / 松の木 .

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仙台市 Sendai city

daishimizu 大清水 "great clear water"
It is located on the Eastern side of the bridge Itsutsubachi 五ツ橋. It is one of the three "clear water" locations and sometimes called sato shimizu 里清水.
Since olden times there was a sanctuary for Ubagami.
The water could heal cough from children.
People make offerings of ema 絵馬 votive tablets of a rooster turned upside-down.




....................................................................... Niigata 新潟県 .....
東蒲原郡 Higashi-Kanbara district 阿賀町 Aga town

Along the river bank the deity Ubagami sama 姥神様 is venerated.
She is also mamorigami 守り神 the protector deity at the entrance of the village.

. mamorigami 守り神と伝説 Legends about protector deities .





....................................................................... Toyama 富山県 .....

. onbaba オンババ / 姥神 (Ubagami) "Old Grandma Mountain God" .

. Tateyama Shinkō 立山信仰 Tateyama mountain worship .
... Temple Ashikura-Ji had around 30 subtemples, of which the 姥堂 Ubadō and the Enmadō were the most important.
... It was only at this one time in the year, on the middle day of the autumn equinox, that women were allowed to enter the precincts, normally forbidden them, as far as the Ubadō, from where, having received the protection of the deity Ubagami, they worshipped the sacred mountain and prayed for rebirth in paradise.
The rite was an enactment of death and rebirth.




- quote -
Tateyama no Onbasama 立山のおんばさま On-Ba Sama
Uba-Ishi 姥石 "Grandmother Rock"
- reference source : webheibon.jp/yamanba... -

- - - Ubagami is sometimes seen as the
. Yamanba, Yamauba 山姥 "old mountain woman", Yokai monster .

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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山姥神社 Yamanba Jinja / Yamanba Shrine - Yamauba
高知県 Kochi - Shirakidani, Nankoku, Kochi
- HP of the Shrine
- reference source : yamauba.jp... -

. Yamanba, Yamauba 山姥 and 山姫 Yamahime .
Yamanba, Yamamba is the "old hag from the mountain".


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. Ishikoridome no kami 石凝姥神 (いしこりどめのかみ)(Ishi-kori-dome-no-kami) .
Nakayama Jinja 中山神社 / 岡山県津山市一宮695 Okayama, Tsuyama town


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Posted By Gabi Greve to Japan - Shrines and Temples on 4/22/2019 09:36:00 am

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31 May 2019

EDO - Hisamatsu Hamacho districts Chuo



Edo - the EDOPEDIA -


Hisamatsu Hamacho districts Chuo

Posted: 25 May 2019 09:49 PM PDT

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. Famous Places and Power spots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Hisamatsuchoo, Nihonbashi 日本橋久松町 Hisamatsucho district
Chuo ward, no sub-districts.
Also known as 久松 Hisamatsu.



The district was divided from 村松町 Muramatsucho in 1617.
Later it became part of 日本橋浜町 Nihonbashi Hamacho and 日本橋橘町 Nihonbashi Tachibanacho and then became one separate district.

- quote
The town that was reborn three times
Nihonbashi Hamacho / Nihonbashi Hisamatsucho / Nihonbashi Nakasu
From a samurai town to a stylish town

The Nihonbashi Hamacho area has changed greatly three times.
The town of Hamacho was a town of samurai warriors and was lined with residences of feudal lords during the Edo period. There used to be merchant homes in some parts of today's Nihonbashi Hisamatsucho, but there were many shops that sold long and short swords, too. I think it was a quiet neighborhood of common people that was quite different from the lively downtown area of the nearby Ningyocho, where craftsmen lived. It is said that the residences of the Kasama Clan had storehouses where the Shogunate kept its gold coins. This was probably a top-secret affair. To this day, nobody knows the exact locations of the residential storehouses.
The Hamacho area underwent a complete change along with the falling of the Tokugawa Shogunate. The land where the daimyo residences stood was handed over to the people in 1871, when the feudal system ended after about 260 years after its establishment. It is the prestigious Japanese restaurants and similar establishments that were built on these grounds. The colorful dining culture where wealthy merchants enjoy themselves with geishas got its start here.
- The dining culture emerging
There was a canal known as the Hamacho River between Nihonbashi Hamacho and Nihonbashi Ningyocho before the land was filled in 1972, and it is said to have been popular as the starting point of sightseeing trips down Sumida River. It was famous all throughout the country as a stylish and luxurious town, and there were over two hundred and fifty geishas and almost a hundred restaurants during its peak. It was thirty five years ago when I became acquainted with Nihonbashi Hamacho and I can still remember the elegant scenery of fine restaurants surrounded by the black walls. By the way, the geishas in this area that was known as Yoshicho back then were known to be stylish, lively, and skilled at their trade. This attracted many famous, successful, and wealthy business owners who patronized the establishments where they worked. Sadayakko, who was the first Japanese actress, also used to be a geisha from Yoshicho.
With the revising of town names in 1977, the name Yoshicho began to disappear along with the successful businessmen, the geishas, and the fancy restaurants. The only remaining fancy restaurant that remains from this era is Hamada-ya, which has been in business for over a hundred years, and there are now only a dozen or so geishas.
- A townscape where the appeal of both the new and old meet
The Hamacho area suffered great damage during the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923, but the huge 33 meter-wide Kiyosubashi Street was formed between Kiyosu Bridge and Asakusa Bridge; becoming the pride of the downtown district. Hamacho Park along the Sumida River is the largest park in Chuo Ward. In 1929 the remains of the residence of the Hosokawa daimyo family from Kumamoto was renovated and opened as a popular hall among the local people for activities such as strolling, exercising, and holding Oedo Festivals.
- Fureai-no-Hana ...
- Tourist spots in the Nihonbashi Gonobe area
Suitengu
Hamacho Pedestrian Road
Meijiza
Kiyosubashi
- source : nihombashi-tokyo.com/history...




久松児童遊園 Hisamatsu Childrens Park
16-6 Nihonbashi Tomizawacho, Chuo
with a pool to splash around ジャブジャブ池



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Hamachoo, Nihonbashi 日本橋浜町 Hamacho district "beach district"
Chuo ward, 日本橋浜町一丁目 - 三丁目 first to third sub-district



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浜町公園デイキャンプ場 day camping
source : bbq-park.com/park..

Hamacho Koen, Hamachō Park 浜町公園 Hamacho Park
2-59-1 Nihonbashi Hamacho, Chuo
On of the most important parks in Chuo ward.


Hamachogawa 浜町川 river Hamachogawa
It was a canal connecting 神田川 the Kandagawa river and the 隅田川 Sumidagawa river.
In 1691, it was also connected to the 竜閑川 Ryukangawa river in an L-shape.
Around 1950, most of the river was landfilled and became a park.
There is a statue of 弁慶像 Musashibo Benkei in the park.


source : castle-in-spain.at.webry...

Hamacho ryokudo midorido 浜町緑道 Hamachogawa Green Road
along the former Hamachogawa river.




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. Chūō ku, Chuuoo Ku 中央区 Chuo Ward "Central Ward" .


. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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EDO - Okachimachi district Taito


Edo - the EDOPEDIA -


Okachimachi district Taito

Posted: 24 May 2019 10:10 PM PDT

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Famous Places and Power spots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Okachimachi 御徒町 Okachimachi district
Taito ward, Okachimachi , 御徒町一丁目 - 三丁目 Okachimachi first to third sub-district
仲御徒町 Nakaokachimachi 一丁目 - 仲御徒町四丁目 first to fourth sub-district.
After 1964, the area was re-distributed and is now part of
台東区台東 Taito and 東上野 Higashi-Ueno.



The name refers to the foot guards of the Shogun,
okachigumi, o-kachi-gumi 御徒組 / okachigata 御徒方.

The kachi 徒 were very low-ranking Samurai.
Their living quarters were here.
They had to look after the safety of the road when the Shogun was going out.
Many had a low income and had to work at other jobs to make ends meet.

The O-Kachi samurai were divided in various groups:
本丸15組 15 groups for the Honmaru part of Edo castle.
西ノ丸5組 5 groups for Nishi no Maru.
Each group had two leaders and about 28 members.

okachi 御徒 is also spelled 徒士.

goyoogeikoo 御用稽古 "official training" of the Ssamurai of Edo castle.
Swimming was especially taught to the elite of the groups.


- quote
... a 徒 kachi is one of the lowest ranking samurai of the Edo Period. They were not permitted to ride horses. Until the 1800's, they were not allowed to wear clothes with a family crest as their families were not considered successive clans. Some people draw a parallel between this rank of samurai and low level salarymen and low level management of Tōkyō – the analogy being in the type of housing and accessible neighborhoods according to their salary. This isn't a good analogy, in my opinion, in that the samurai ranks were highly regulated by the Tokugawa Bakufu and a modern worker can marry "out of his station" or just move to the suburbs and get a bigger place. ...
... Even though these kachi were direct retainers of the shōgun, they were a kind of non-commissioned officer. They were expected to live in barracks. In many cases they wouldn't be granted permission to live with their wives and children. In times of war, they were forbidden from marching in the vanguard. In times of peace, they were basically the white trash of Japan. They were supposedly privileged, but in reality, they were just commoners. The commoners had to show deference to them, but the rest of the samurai elite probably shat on them. ...
... the whole area from O-kachimachi to Ueno is considered the low town today. ...
- source : japanthis - Marky Star


- Other Samurai in service of Edo castle:
oobangumi 大番組 Obangumi, castle guards
onandogumi 御納戸組 keepers of the Shogun's personal stores.

Their living quarters were the
kumiyashiki 組屋敷 group residence

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- quote -
Okachimachi
is an area on the JR Yamanote Line, just south of the major Ueno Station. It is one of the areas of Tokyo that is well known for its shopping and excellent range of foodie options. Expect lots of fashionable youngsters here and crowds of hungry shoppers.
- - What to eat and drink in Okachimachi
There is a shopping street in the Okachimachi area called Taito-ku's Torigoe. This is where you must go for eating and drinking. The street features around 230 shops that sell a huge range of groceries, ready-made meals and the very traditional and well-loved okazu (sides). This is Japan, so eating on the street and walking is frowned upon, but luckily street-snacking is more than welcome here as there is a small designated rest area with tables and chairs, which is found near the middle of the street. Eat away friends. Do note that most of the shops are closed on a Sunday.
There is of course sushi
to be had in this area. Head to Ginzo Sushi for some tasty options. The atmosphere of the restaurant is relaxing with piano jazz playing and there are also smoking and non-smoking seats, which can be rare to find in Tokyo. Go for the Sakura Nigiri Set for 790 yen, which includes 8 pieces of sushi, chawanmushi (a type of savory egg custard and prawn) and a delicious miso soup. Lunch sushi sets will cost you from 790 yen up to 2,600 yen. If you're not a sushi fan, they also have a good range of other sets which include udon, grilled fish, tempura and donburi. Great value and great choice here.
- - - What to do in Okachimachi
Ameyokocho is said to be Japan's last black market. This little number is great for both food and shopping. It really is just a random selection of stalls here. You can see heaps of clothes racks filled with shoes and coats. At another place will see you okonomiyaki, another monja, some French and Italian cuisine here, and other types of Asian restaurants there. You can find running shoes, perfumes, toys, watched, lychees, kebabs and shaved ices all in the same vicinity—the possibilities really are endless. Go here for an interesting and ever-ending browse.
Let's get some shoes.
Told you this area was a fashion hub. With heaps of options at this shoe haven of an area, your feet will feel fabulous at any of these Okachimachi finds. Hit AbAb for a very good summer sale with pairs of shoes being reduced from 7,000 to as a little as 1,000 yen—bargain! (Do be warned though, if you have a larger size of feet for a woman, you may struggle to find a shoe that fits in Japan!)
Located near Okachimachi Station
lies the Shitamatchi Museum. The museum displays the history and life of shitamachi (downtown). The first floor showcases the living space of shitamachi such as a merchant's house and a row of tenement house flats. The second floor shows a range of materials that detail the history of the shitamatchi area and there is even an area where visitors can see olden-day toys.
- source : tokyocheapo ... -



. Ameyoko あめよこ (アメ横) shopping in Ueno .


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- quote -

キムチ横丁 Kimchi Yokocho alley.
Near Ueno station east of Showa-dori Street is the oldest "Korean Town" in Tokyo called Kimchi Yokocho.
There are many Korean restaurants, yakiniku restaurants, and stores selling Korean food products like kimchi here. The area developed after World War II, when a number of restaurants, butcher shops, and stores selling traditional clothes opened here.
- source : authentic-tokyo .. -


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station Naka-Okachimachi eki 仲御徒町駅
This station was built in 1961.

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. Taitoo, Taitō 台東区 Taito Ward .


. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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7 May 2019

EDO - Kuremasa district


Edo - the EDOPEDIA -


Kuremasa district Chuo

Posted: 03 May 2019 09:54 PM PDT

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Famous Places and Power spots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Kuremasa-chō, Kuremasacho 榑正町 Kuremasa district
Chuo, now 中央区日本橋三丁目 Chuo ward, Nihonbashi 3rd sub-district

Kuremasa is the old name of the Edo period. It was abolished in 1928.


source : edo.amebaownd.com/posts...

This was an old district, already shown in the Kanei Kiriezu map 寛永切絵図 around 1630.

kure 榑 refers to lumber where the bark of the tree has not yet been removed.
The bark could later be used to make roof tiles.

In former times this area was full of reeds and no humans lived there. During the construction of Edo castle, this place was used to store the lumber.
Later when people came to live here, they used the name Kure.

In July of 1868, it became part of 江戸府 Edo, and in September of 1868, part of 東京府 Tokyo.
In 1872, there were 150 homes in the area, with about 560 people living there.
In November of 1878, it became part of Nihonbashi and in 1928 the name was finally changed to
江戸橋三丁目 Nihonbashi sanchome, third sub-district.

Now the road 昭和通り Showadori is flanked by the district on both sides.
This avenue was planned after the 関東大震災 Great Tokyo Earthquake in 1923. It was a wide road for easy traffic, finished in 1928.


Showa-dori Avenue


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

................................................................................. Kuremasacho 榑正町

iken 異犬 a strange dog
On the second day of the seventh lunar month, a strange dog was born in Kuremasa.
His mouth was quite wide and it had only one eye. Its nose was above the eye.

. inu 犬と伝説 Legends about the dog / Hund .

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

. Edo, Tokyo 江戸 - 東京 - 伝説 Legends Index .


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. Chūō ku, Chuuoo Ku 中央区 Chuo Ward "Central Ward" .

. Nihonbashi 日本橋 Nihonbashi bridge .


. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #kuremasa #kuremasacho #showadori #iken - - - -
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19 Apr 2019

EDO - Iogi 井荻 Iogi district


 . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Famous Places and Power spots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
- Kugayama, see below
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Iogi 井荻 Iogi district
Suginami 杉並区



The name Iogi machi 井荻町 / 井荻村 Iogi mura was abolished in 1932.
It was the former 東多摩郡 Higashi-Tama district, including the villages
上井草村 Kami-Igusa mura, 下井草村 Shimo-Igusa mura,
上荻窪村 Kami-Ogikubo mura and 下荻窪村 Shimo-Ogikubo mura.
The name I-OGI was constructed of the first letters from Igusa and Ogikubo.

. Igusamura, Igusa mura 井草村 Igusa village .
. Ogikubo 荻窪 Ogikubo district .

i 井 well
ogi 荻 reeds

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井荻駅 Iogi Station opened on 16 April 1927.


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Igusagawa 井草川 River Igusagawa

If flows into the river 妙正寺川 Myoshojigawa from the Arakawa water sytstem. Part of the river is now a 遊歩道 promenade.

In the park 道潅橋公園 Dokanbashi Koen there was a bridge over the river, better known as 道潅橋 Dokanbashi bridge.
3 Chome-14-23 Kamiigusa, Suginami

Along the river 今川 Imagawa is a park called 道潅公園 Dokan Koen.


source : yamap.com/activities....

. Oota Dookan, Ōta Dōkan 太田道灌 Ota Dokan (1432 - 1486) . 


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Kugayama 久我山 Kugayama district
Suginami, 久我山一丁目 - 五丁目, first to fifth sub-district



くが kuga means open space, space for leisure
yama means mountain

In the Edo period it was an open space in the Musashino plain, called 久ケ山 Kukeyama.
Around 1889, it was known as 久我山村 Kugayama mura village, with about 65 families living there.

Located in the South-West of Suginami ward. A quiet residential area.

Near the station is the shopping mall
久我山連合商店会
They have a firefly festival in summer, thanks to the two main rivers in the area,
the 神田川 Kandagawa and the 玉川上水 Tamagawa Josui Waterway.


- CLICK for more photos !

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Train station
京王井の頭線の久我山駅 Kugayama, Keio Inokashira line

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Kugayama Inari Jinja 久我山稲荷神社
東京都杉並区久我山3-37-14 // 3 Chome-37-14 Kugayama, Suginami City

Since olden times the Shrine of the protector deity of Kugayama.
The main festival is on the first of October.
A Kagura dance called 湯の花神楽 Yunohana Kagura is performed. It is in memory of a time of epidemic disease, when water was boiled in the Shrine and splashed on the ground and on people to purify all.


source and more photos : kugayama-h.ed.jp...


- Deity in residence
Ukemochi no Mikoto 受持命


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. Suginami 杉並区 Suginami ward .


. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #iogi #igusa #ogikubo #dokanbashi - - - -
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Edo - the EDOPEDIA - on 4/11/2019 12:50:00 pm

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