Showing posts with label Temple. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Temple. Show all posts

12 Dec 2017

GOKURAKU - Yakushi and oni Demons Legends


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yakushipedia - ABC-Index 薬師如来 .
- Shichibutsu Yakushi 七仏薬師 - see below
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Yakushi Nyorai and Oni Demon legends 薬師如来と鬼伝説


source : イスム谷中店 twitter


Yakushi with the lantern-carrying demons
. 天燈鬼 Tentoki and 龍燈鬼 Ryutoki .


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .


............................................................................ Aichi 愛知県
名古屋市 Nagoya 熱田区 Atsuta

. 高蔵不動院 Takakura Fudo-In .
"Festival of the Demons of Yakushi Nyorai 大薬師の鬼祭"





............................................................................ Mie 三重県
熊野市 Kumano

The samurai 小栗判官 Oguri Hangan had been given poison by his enemies and turned almost into a gaki 餓鬼 hungry demon. Yakushi Nyorai appeared in his dream and told him to go to Yunomine Hot Spring to be healed.

. Oguri Hangan 小栗判官 Legends .
Yunomine Onsen 湯の峰温泉 and Oguri Hangan - 和歌山県 Wakayama



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Shichibutsu Yakushi 七仏薬師 Seven Yakushi Statues


............................................................................ Kyoto 京都府
与謝郡 Yosa district 野田川町 Nodagawa

muchi yakushi 鞭薬師 "whip Yakushi"
麻呂子親王 Prince Maroko Shinno carved seven statues of Yakushi Nyorai and offered them to 天照大神 Amaterasu Omikami with the prayer of help to drive out the Demons of the Oeyama region.
A white dog 白い犬 showed him a cave where he could carve the statues.
The third son of 用明天皇 Emperor Yomei (518 - 587), 金丸親王 Prince Kanemaru Shinno, is also known as
麻呂子親王 Prince Maroko Shinno or 当麻皇子 Prince Taima no Miko.
Many legends about this prince are found in the region of 福知山 Fukuchiyama.
Some are related to 吉田氏 the family Yoshida which is now known as 鞭氏 Muchi family.

After carving the statues he was powerful enough to drive out the 鬼神 Kijin Demons.
The demons hid in a cave called

鬼の岩屋 Oni no Iwaya.

Maroko had victory over the three demons at 大江山 Mount Oeyama:
英胡 Eiko, 軽足 Karuashi and 土熊 Tsuchiguma

The three demons 英胡 Eiko, 軽足 Karuashi and 土熊 Tsuchiguma
They lived with their subordinate Demons in the region of Fukuchiyama.
Two of these three, Eido and Karuashi, had been captured and almost killed by the army of Maroko.
Tsuchiguma had been captured alive. He came forth and asked for all Oni to be pardoned.
Prince Maroko had one condition:
"You have to build seven temples, for each of the seven statues of Yakushi Nyorai, in one night!"
The Oni had no difficulty in building these temples and where then banned to
立岩 Tateiwa, a huge boulder at the end of 丹後半島 Tango Peninsula.




The old Temple 無量寺 Muryo-Ji has kept written documents of these events.
京都府福知山市字筈巻963 / 963 Hazumaki, Fukuchiyama-shi, Kyōto

At 雲原 Kumohara there is a valley called 仏谷 Hotokedani, where Prince Maroko prayed for power to drive out the Oni and carved the seven Yakushi statues.
Other temples in Fukuchiyama with legends about Prince Maroko are
長安寺 Choan-Ji / 577 Okunobe, Fukuchiyama, Kyoto
and
願来寺 Ganrai-Ji / 794, Fukuchiyama, Kyoto

The three Oni may be related to the three elements 「火」fire 「風」wind and 「水」water -
necessary elements for the production of iron with tatara bellows, and thus have been sword smiths.
Maybe this is also the reason why Maroko is called 金丸親王 Kanemaru or 金屋皇子 Kanaya (metal hut) in this region.

The Chinese character 胡 in the name of demon 英胡 Eiko might be related to the 胡族 Ko clan from China, famous for their metal making technology.
Other place names in Fukuchiyama which might be related to metal manufacturing are
魔谷 Matani "Devil's valley"(大江町北原)
and
火の谷 Hinotani (valley of fire) - 福知山市天座


. Ooeyama Oni Densestu 大江山鬼伝説 Demon Legend of Mount Oeyama .
related to Saka Doji 酒呑童子 a Sake Yokai Monster .
Shuten-dōji 酒呑童子 Shuten Doji 酒顛童子, 酒天童子, or 朱点童子

. Takadono tatara 高殿鑪 Metal making in ancient Japan .

. kishin, kijin, onigami 鬼神の伝説 Oni Deity Demon Legends .


- The Three Legends of Defeating the Oni in Mt. Oe
Prince Maroko - Shuten Doji - Hikoimasu no Kimi and the demon 玖賀耳之御笠 Kugamimi no Mikasa
- source : city.fukuchiyama.kyoto.jp/event... PDF file -


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- quote -
Emperor Yōmei 用明天皇 (Yōmei-tennō, 518 – 21 May 587)

was the 31st Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Yōmei's reign spanned the years from 585 until his death in 587.
..... Because of the brevity of his reign, Emperor Yōmei was not responsible for any radical changes in policy, but his support of Buddhism created tension with supporters of Shintoism who opposed its introduction. .....
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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丹後の七仏薬師 Seven Yakushi Temples of Tango
- reference : geocities.jp/k_saito_site -

七薬師伝説 The seven temples with Yakushi Legends

1 - 施薬寺 Seyaku-Ji -- 善名称吉祥王如来 
1369 Taki, Yosano, Yosa District, Kyoto (与謝野町) ・桓武天皇勅願所、旧根本寺

2 - 清園寺 Seion-Ji -- 宝月智源光音自在王如来
(福知山市大江町) - 略縁起と縁起絵は府の指定文化財

3 - 元興寺 Gango-Ji -- 金色宝玉如来
(京丹後市丹後町) 竹野郡 Takeno district

4 - 神宮寺 Jingu-Ji -- 無憂寂勝吉祥如来
(京丹後市丹後町)・・麻呂子親王のものと伝わる墓がある

5 - 等楽寺 Toraku-Ji -- 法界雷音如来
(京丹後市弥栄町) Yasakacho Torakuji, Kyōtango

6 - 成願寺 Jogan-Ji -- 法界勝恵遊戯神通如来
(宮津市) Miyazu city

7 - 多禰寺 Tane-Ji -- 薬師瑠璃光如来
(舞鶴市) 346 Taneji, Maizuru, Kyoto
用明天皇勅願所 Built on request of Yomei Tenno
西国薬師第三十番霊場 Nr. 32 of the Saikoku Pilgrimage to Yakushi Temples


There are other temples claiming to be related to the seven Yakushi statues

円頓寺 Endo-Ji (京丹後市久美浜町 Tango Kumihamacho)
月光寺 Gekko-Ji (廃寺 not existant any more, 、京丹後市大宮町 Tango, Omiya)

- reference source : hirase.sakura.ne.jp/s1/oni -


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Busshoji 仏性寺 Bussho-Ji, now 如来院 Nyorai-In
in 大江町 Oe-cho village. It is close to the Oni no Koryu Hakubutsukan 鬼の交流博物館 Demon Museum.
Hidden in the statue of Yakushi Nyorai is a small statue said to be Maroko himself.
The name of the temple is also 鎌鞭山 Kamamuchizan - referring to the event when Maroko made offerings of the weapons used to capture the demons:
kama 鎌 sickle and muchi 鞭 whip

The name of the temple derives from Bussho-Ji of 高野山真言宗如来院 Nyorai-In at Mount Koyasan.
It is also famous for the legends of Minamoto no Yorimitsu driving out the demons of 大江山 Mount Oeyama.
There is also the
. Onigajaya, Oni-Ga-Chaya 鬼ヶ茶屋 Tea stall of the Demons .

After 1916, 黄銅鉱・磁硫鉄鉱 various metals like brass and pyrrhotite iron were found in the region.

. 源頼光と坂田金時 Minamoto Yorimitsu and Sakata Kintoki .


. Inage 稲毛七霊場 - Seven Yakushi Temples in Yokohama and Kawasaki .

. Akamon Shichibutsu Yakushi Do Hall 赤門七佛薬師堂 .

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shichibutsu Yakushi 七仏薬師 / 七佛薬師 Seven Yakushi statues - the Aura of Seven

- quote -
Lit. seven Buddhas of healing.
Seven manifestations of Yakushi 薬師 or the Master of Healing, said to reside in realms to the east of our world.
They were thought to be efficacious in appeasing the revengeful spirits of fallen political figures implicated in social calamities.
The names in Japanese are as follows (in order of progressive distance from our world):
Zenmyoushou kichijouou 善名称吉祥王, Hougatsu chigon kouon jizaiou 宝月智厳光音自在王, Konjiki houkou myougyou jouju 金色宝光妙行成就, Muyu saishou kichijou 無憂最勝吉祥, Hokkai raion 法海雷音, Hokkai shoue yuge jinzuu 法海勝彗遊戯神通, and Yakushi rurikou 薬師瑠璃光 (this last corresponding to the full name of Yakushi).
First mentioned in the fourth and latest extant Chinese translation in 707 of the YAKUSHIKYOU 薬師経 (Sk:Bhaisajyaguru-sutra, or Scripture of the Master of Healing) a text devoted to the cult of the Buddha Yakushi. In Japan they are represented either by seven independent images or, more frequently, by six or seven figurines attached to the halo of Yakushi sculptures. Popularity and worship of the Seven peaked in the late 8c and 9c.
Today the ritual service dedicated to them Shichibutsu Yakushi-no-hou 七仏薬師の法; first recorded to have been performed by Tendai prelate Ennin 円仁 in 850 survives only in the Tendai 天台 sect, where it is counted as one of the four major rituals shika daihou 四箇大法 of the "Mountain School" Sanmon 山門 or Mt. Hiei 比叡 branch.
- source : JAANUS -




source : The Sumitomo Foundation.

The central statue is 128.1cm, the ones to the right and left are 84.4 - 88.4cm
Made from katsura カツラ / 桂 Japanese Judas tree, Cercidiphyllum japonicum.
They are in the temple hall 赤沢薬師堂 Akazawa Yakushi-Do, Iwate.
They date back to the Heian period and the 藤原氏 Fujiwara clan in Hiraizumi.

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- reference source : matumushidera -

Matsumushidera 松虫寺 Matsumushi Temple
千葉県印西市松虫 / Matsumushi, Inzai, Chiba 270-1602
Its statue is 七仏薬師 瑠璃光如来 Yakushi Ruriko Nyorai.

松虫姫伝説 - Legend of Princess Matsumushi

The temple has been founded in 745 on request of 聖武天皇 Emperor Shomu Tenno by 僧行基 Priest Gyoki Bosatsu.


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. Yakushi Nyorai - - by Gabi Greve .

Shichibutsu Yakushi 七仏薬師 Sieben Yakushi-Statuen
In der Tendai-Sekte gibt es eine Form der Verehrung des Yakushi in seinen sieben Inkarnationen ( 七仏薬師法 Shichibutsu Yakushiho). Dabei bitten die Gläubigen vor allen Dingen um Heilung von Krankheiten und um eine leichte Geburt.



Eine große und sechs kleine einzelne Statuen des Yakushi Nyorai mit jeweils sieben kleinen Verkörperungen im Nimbus. Entsprechend dem Sutra der sieben Yakushi-Buddhas (Shichibutsu Yakushikyoo).
Diese Stauten werden bei Fürbitten für die Heilung von Krankheiten und um einfache Geburt besonders angebetet.
Diese sieben Figuren haben dann als Inkarnationen des Yakushi eigene Bezeichnungen :



1 Zenmyooshoo Kichijoooo Nyorai 善名称吉祥王如来 Zenmyosho Kichijo-o Nyorai
His Sanskrit letter is A - 梵字:ア
The name of his paradise is 光勝国.




2 Hoogetsu Chigonkoo Onjizaioo Nyorai 宝月智厳光音自在王如来 Hogetsu chigonko Oniizaio Nyorai
His Sanskrit letter is RA - 梵字:ラ
The name of his paradise is 妙宝国.




3 Konjiki Hookoo Myoogyoojooju Nyorai  金色宝光妙行成就王如来 Konjiki Hoko Myogyo Joju Nyorai
His Sanskrit letter is BAA - 梵字:バー
The name of his paradise is 円満香積国.




4 Muyuu Saishoo Kichijoo Nyorai  無憂最勝吉祥王如来 Muyu Saisho Kichijo Nyorai
His Sanskrit letter is SHIRA - 梵字:シラ
The name of his paradise is 無憂国.




5 Hookai Raion Nyorai  法海雷音如来 Hokai Raion Nyorai
His Sanskrit letter is DAA - 梵字:ダー
The name of his paradise is 法幢国.




6 Hookai Shooe Yuugijintsuu Nyorai 法海勝慧遊戯神通如来 Hokai Shoe Yugi Jintsu Nyorai
His Sanskrit letter is A - 梵字:ア
The name of his paradise is 善住法海国.




7 Yakushi Rurikoo Nyorai  薬師琉璃光如来 Yakushi Ruriko Nyorai
His Sanskrit letter is BEI - 梵字:ベイ
The name of his paradise is 浄瑠璃国.


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- reference : Nichibun Yokai Database -

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. Yakushipedia - ABC-Index 薬師如来 .

. Yakushi Nyorai - Legends from the provinces .

. Yakushi Nyorai Pilgrimages 薬師霊場巡り - Introduction .


. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and Talismans .

. Japan - Shrines and Temples - ABC List .


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[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - #yakushioni #oniyakushi #fukuchiyama #muchiyakushi #shichiyakushi - - -
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Gokuraku - Jigoku on 12/08/2017 09:39:00 am

28 Nov 2017

TENGU - Tengu Chiba Legends Masks


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-Index .
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Chiba and its Tengu legends 千葉県と天狗伝説 


Chiba no kotengu 千葉の小天狗 The Small Tengu from Chiba

Chiba Eijiroo 千葉 栄次郎 Chiba Eijiro (1833 - 1862)
A Samurai of the Bakumatsu period. Master of the 北辰一刀流 Hokushin Ittoryu School of Swordsmanship.
He studied with his father, 千葉周作 Chiba Shusaku, and became so proficient, he was called "Small Tengu" at age 19.


千葉栄次郎 - 隊士図鑑

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嶺岡浅間の天狗面 Mineoka Asama Tengu Masks
The Mineoka Mountain District ( 嶺岡山地 Mineoka sanchi).
Mount Mineoka Asama is 336 m high. On its North-Eastern side is a temple housing 白滝不動 Shirataki Fudo and the stone Tengu masks are close to it.


source : toki.moo.jp/gaten.. gate 507...

The stone Tengu on the way have some strange forms, with a protruding mouth and a nose like a dumpling.
The locals call them 石尊山 Sekison San - Venerable Stone Deities .



There are three sanctuaries for the stone Tengu on the way up to Mount Mineoka Asama.







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Sekison San 石尊山 Venerable Stone Deities
The belief in Sekison San is known in the Tanzawa mountains, Oyama and at 富士山新五合目小御岳石尊 the 5th station of Mount Fujisan,
石尊様 Sekison Sama are also venerated in Gunma, 甘楽郡 Kanragun 南牧村 Nanmoku village.


Sekison and Fudo Myo-O at 小畑池 Obataike,銚子 Choshi, Chiba

. . . CLICK here for more Sekison Photos !



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高宕山 Takagoyama - 315 m high
From its peak there is a great view over the Kujukutani mountains, Tokyo Bay and all the way to Mount Fujisan.
Now the center of 県立高宕山自然公園, Takagoyama Prefectural Natural Park in South-central Chiba.


- quote -
Kujukutani 千葉 九十九谷
Kujukutani is the landscape of the row of mountains seen from the Kujukutani Park down from Shiratori Shrine at the southeastern end of Mt. Kano in Kimitsu City, Chiba Pref. The mountains including Mt. Takago are part of Boso Kyuryo (hills).
This picturesque landscape is composed of deep valleys and overlapping mountain ridgelines, which is selected as one of 500 Charming Spots in Boso. Purple mists at dawn or the after grow of a sunset creates a magnificent scene like an ink painting. Especially beautiful is the sea of clouds trailing along the ridgelines and fading out into the air, which can be seen from the late fall to winter.
A poet, Keigetsu Omachi, described it as "the most wonderful sight in the world." It is said that an artist painter, Kaii Higashiyama, was inspired with this landscape and painted one of his masterpieces, "Afterglow."
- source : nippon-kichi.jp... -


高宕山源頼朝と天狗面 Takagoyama and the Tengu Mask of Minamoto to Yoritomo
飯縄寺 Iizunadera Temple (Iinawadera)
千葉県いすみ市岬町和泉2935-1 / Chiba, Isumi, Misakichoizumi, 2935-1


source : toki.moo.jp/gaten/851-900..gate888...

Mount Takagoyama is 雨乞いの山 a mountain for rain rituals. At 清滝神社 Kiyotaki Jinja a small shrine the Waterfall Deity is venerated as 高オカミ神 the Mountain Deity.
(The old Kanji for this spelling is rain 雨 on top and below it three open mouths 口. Below it the Kanji for a dragon 龍 - a very complicated Kanji indeed, 高おかみ神.)
Below this shrine is the Kannon hall in a cave, protecting the Tengu masks.
Once upon a long time, Minamoto no Yoritomo had to flee from 小田原の石橋山 the lost battle in Odawara and took refuge here. Yoritomo stayed in the Kannon cave (高宕観音 Takago Kannon) and prayed for the return of his good luck and victory. On the pillars of this cave-hall hang the Tengu masks.

高宕山 The Kanji in the middle, 宕, refers to the cave, and this reminded people of the famous 愛宕山 Atagoyama in Kyoto.
Maybe the Tengu from Atagoyama even came here to visit ? ??

Kuraokami, Takaokami 高おかみ神 , Kuramitsuha Kuraokami no kami, Takaokami no kami
. amagoi 雨乞い rain rituals - Introduction .


淤加美神(おかみのかみ)、または龗神(おかみのかみ) - Okaminokami - 闇龗神と高龗神は同一の神. - Takaokami

- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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観音堂の天狗面 The Tengu Masks of the Kannon-Hall


- quote -
牛若丸と大天狗 Ushiwakamaru and the Dai-Tengu

Iizuna temple is known as the 天狗の寺"Tengu Temple".
People come here to pray fpr fire prevention, safety on the sea, prosperous business and health.
The temple treasure is a wood carving of about 4 m length and 1 m hight by the famous carver 波の伊八 Nami no Ihachi.
It shows 牛若丸と天狗 Ushiwakamaru and the Tengu.
At the 仁王門 Nio-Mon entrance gate is a carving of a Tengu riding the waves.

- - - - - and an amulet to go with it


- reference source : isumi-kankou.com/isumi-kanko...-

. Minamoto no Yoritomo 源 頼朝 . - (1147 – 1199)
founder of the Kamakura Shogunate

. Iizuna Daigongen 飯縄大権現 Izuna Daigongen .

. 飯綱三郎天狗 Izuna Saburo Tengu .
He lives on Mount Iizunayama 飯砂山 / 飯綱山 in Nagano.

. Nami no Ihachi 波の伊八 "Ihachi the carver of waves" .
(1751-1824)
Dragon and waves 竜と波 at temple 飯縄寺 Izunadera.

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

Once there were two brothers, but the younger brother suddenly went off and was lost.
Afterwards a typhoon begun to blow and from the top of a cedar tree the voice of the man was heard "I am back, I am back!"
He had become a guhin 狗賓 Tengu and is still living to our day.

. guhin kuhin gubin 狗賓 / グヒン Guhin Tengu Yokai monster .

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長生郡 Chosei district 長柄町 Nagara town

Someone cut the weeds below the 天狗の腰かけ松 Pine of the Tengu. The Tengu got angry, abducted him and when the man came back, he had a bad injury.
. Tengu no koshikake matsu 天狗の腰掛松 / Tengu no matsu 天狗の松 .
. . . . .

Aoso sama 青麻様 "Green Hemp Deity"
The protecting deity of the 鹿間家 Shikama family is Aoso Sama, said to be a Tengu. He protects from 中風 palsy. Its annual rituals are on the first of April and September.
The offering is red rice and never pumpkin or leek, since he does not like these vegetables.
. . . . .

A child once saw a Tengu on the bridge of 東茂原 Higashi Mobara. Soon after the child got ill and died.
.
A Tengu once shape-shifted and worked at a temple in I市原 chihara town. When the priest asked him to get some Tofu he flew all the way to Kyoto to buy it.
.
Many Tengu sometimes came to the 権現森 Gongenmori Park and made music with flutes and drums.
(Gongen Mori is a hill in Chiba and is nearby are Nagarayama and Rokujizō. 権現森自然公園.)

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館山市 Tateyama city

At 滝田 Takita there is 天狗の通り道 a Tengu road, where they pass with the most strange sounds when flying past. It is a rather deep forest and sometimes the forest workers, who stay over night in a small hut, can feel it moving and shaking.
. madoo 魔道 - まどう Mado, road where monsters pass .

. . . . .

A villager from 八束村 Yatsukamura village has seen a Tengu in the mountain forest, reading a book.

- - - - - 伊予ケ岳 Mount Iyogatake - - - - -
On mount 伊予ケ岳 Iyogatake in the village 平群村 Hegurimura near 岩井 Iwai there lived a Tengu.
The warden of the small shrine could tell his temper: On good days the water bucket was filled by the Tengu, on bad days it was empty.



- quote -
Mount Iyogatake (伊予ヶ岳 Iyoga-take) is a mountain on the border of the city of Minamibōsō, Chiba Prefecture, with an altitude of 336.6 m (1,104 ft).
Mount Iyogatake is at the west of the Mineoka Mountain District of the Bōsō Hill Range, in close proximity to Mount Tomi. The mountain takes its name from its resemblance to Mount Ishizuchi in Ehime Prefecture, formerly in Iyo Province.
Mount Iyogatake is one of the few mountains in the Bōsō Hill Range with steep rock cliff. It can be easily climbed within 40 minutes. The entrance to the path of the mountain is between Heguri Elementary School and the Heguri Tenjin Shrine. Mount Iyogatake offers a clear view of the other mountains of the Bōsō Hill Range and Tokyo Bay, and on clear days Mount Fuji and the Izu Islands are also visible.
Mount Iyogatake and the Heguri Tenjin Shrine are associated with a legend of a tengu, a supernatural creature found in Japanese folklore.
- source : wikipedia -


Sometimes the Tengu came down to the village to pester the farmers, steal the rice from their barn or the vegetables from their fields. But the villagers feared the curse of this Tengu and could do nothing. The Tengu took advantage of their fear and one day threw a letter into a farmhouse:
"Tonight at the full moon, bring the most beautiful girl of Heguri village to the Shrine 天神社 Tenjin Sha at the foot of Mount Iyogatake. If you do not obey, I will use my 天狗の団扇 Tengu fan and blast away your whole village in a storm!"
The farmer was struck with fear and went to the village headman for advice. He headman was very clever and said:
"If the Tengu will use his fan, we can use our own fan to teach him a lesson!"
He made a fan three times bigger as the one used by the tengu, climbed Mount Iyogatake and showed it to the Tengu. The Tengu wanted to have it and exchanged it for his own.
When he next tried to use the new fan to fly down to the village, he fell from the mountain - he had lost his 神通力 magical power.
.
Another legends tells of this vicious Tengu feared by all villagers, who was just friends with one man,
定さん Sada san. Sada san was the second son of a rich farmer. Sada san had once picked up the fan of the Tengu on the foot of the mountain and brought it back. The Tengu was very greatful and invited him for a delicious meal.
As you know, a Tengu needs his fan to be able to fly around in the sky.
The man, who knew the others did not like the Tengu, was glad he had given the fan back and received a meal instead, so the two became friends. The man went up to the Tengu's living quarters many times to eat and tell all in the village about his new friend.
Thus he helped to make the Tengu quite famous . . . to our day, it seems.
Once the Tengu boasted:
"I can fly to all the way Shikoku to 像頭山 Mount Zuzu-San and the temple at 金琴平山 Konpira-San and come back in no time at all!"
Sada doubted this, but the Tengu wielded his fan and slowly disappeared in the sky. Since he did not come back, Sada san went home to sleep. When he opened the shutters next morning he saw an amulet from the famous temple at Konpira San on his doorstep. This must have been placed there by his friend, the Tengu.



source : toki.moo.jp/gaten,,097...

Once upon a time, the Tengu from Iyogatake abducted an acolyte, the son of 小松民部正寿 Komatsu Minbu Masatoshi, from the temple 小松寺 Komatsu-Ji in 千倉 Chikura and much later they found the boy at Iyogatake.
Much later.
Once in summer during the rainy season, villagers were cleaning up the mountain. When they emptied a trash box on the wayside, a large mukade ムカデ centipede came out of it.

At the top of the mountain is a Shinto sanctuary dedicated to
少比名命 Sukunahiko no Mikoto.

Stories about a Tengu living on this mountain date back to 921 and the curse of Sugawara no Michizane.






- - - - - Heguri Tenjin Sha 平久里天神社 / 平群天神社
千葉県南房総市平久里中207 // 207 Hegurinaka, Minamibōsō-shi, Chiba

- Deities in residence
菅原道真 Sugawara Michizane (Tenjin sama)
木花開耶姫命 Konohana Sakuyahime no Mikoto
天照大日霎貴命 あまてらすおおひるめのみこと Amaterasu Ohirome no Mikoto
建御名方神 Takeminakata-no-kami


This shrine was founded in 1353, when collecting money for the 北野天満宮 Kitano Tenmangu Shrine.
Later in 1586, it was rebuilt on orders of the local lord, 里見義頼 Satomi Yoshiyori (1542 - 1587).
Later in 1808, it was rebuilt by priest 法印宥弘.
It was the protector shrine of the 9 villages comprizing Heguri, but during the Meiji restauration it lost its power.





. Sugawara Michizane 菅原道真 - Tenjin Sama .

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
- reference - 千葉 天狗 伝説-

. Tengu no men 天狗の面 / 天狗面 mask of a Tengu - Introduction .

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. - - - Join my Tengupedia friends on facebook ! - - - .

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Mingei 民芸 Regional Folk Art from Japan .

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- #tenguchiba #chibatengu #bosohantotengu -
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Kappa - The Kappapedia on 7/18/2017 09:55:00 am

22 Nov 2017

FUDO - Fudo and Kobo Daishi Kukai



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. Legends about Fudo お不動さま - 不動明王 .
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Kobo Daishi Kukai - Legends about Fudo
弘法大師 空海 




. Kōbō Daishi Kūkai 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 
Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai .
 
- Introduction -


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


....................................................................... Chiba 千葉県

. Narita Fudo 成田不動尊 .




....................................................................... Kagawa 香川県

. Fudo no Taki 不動の滝 Waterfall .
塩江温泉 Shionoe Hot Spring




....................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県

. Tobi-Fudo 飛び不動 Flying Fudo .
白井市 Shiroi town 下戸沢 Shimotozawa



....................................................................... Tokushima 徳島県

. Narutaki 鳴滝 Narutaki waterfall .
鳴滝庵の大師堂 Narutaki-An, Daishi-Do for Kobo Daishi.




....................................................................... Tokyo 東京

. Mejiro Fudo 目白不動 Fudo with white eyes .






....................................................................... Yamagata 山形県

Kobo Daishi climbed 月山 Mount Gassan and did water ablutions.
Suddenly in the water the figure of Fudo appeared. He hugged it and came to the surface.
He had mizuita 水板 a water plate with the image in his hands.



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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

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. - Join Fudo Myo-O on facebook - Fudō Myō-ō .

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. Pilgrimages to Fudo Temples 不動明王巡礼
Fudo Myo-O Junrei - Fudo Pilgrims .



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- - #fudokukai #kobodaishifudo - -
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Fudo Myo-O - Introducing Japanese Deities at 11/18/2017 05:11:00 PM

GOKURAKU - Yakushi and Tengu



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. Yakushipedia - ABC-Index 薬師如来 .
. Tengupedia - ABC-Index 天狗 .
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Yakushi Nyorai and Tengu Legends 薬師と天狗伝説

. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .


. Temple Yakuo-In 薬王院 .
At Mount Takao-san 高尾山 in Tokyo Yakushi is venerated, and so are the Tengu.
The Izuna Daigongen deity at Mount Takao used to be called
飯縄不動尊 Izuna Fudo Son




. Join the TENGUPEDIA on facebook ! .


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. Folktales, legends about Yakushi Nyorai 薬師如来 / お薬師様 / お薬師さん .


................................................................................. Aichi 愛知県
北設楽郡 Kita-Shitara district 本郷町 Hongo

kamikakushi 神かくし spirited away
A boy born with 生来痴鈍 an intelligence defect left home for a walk when he was about 15 or 16 years and did not come back in the evening.
Next morning when he came home, he said he had been in the mountains and played with Yakushi Nyorai and some Tengu.




................................................................................. Iwate 岩手県
平泉町 Hiraizumi

Karasu Tengu 烏天狗
In the 中尊寺薬師堂 Yakushi Hall of temple Chuson-Ji there is 頭蓋骨 a skull of a 鳥天狗 Karasu Tengu in the treasure hall.




................................................................................. Kyoto 京都府
中京区 Nakagyo

tengu no tsume 天狗の爪 nail of a Tengu
Since about 1715, at the temple 丹州国分寺 Kokubun^Ji in 丹州 anshu (the Tango/Tanba region) they show a statue of Yakushi Nyorai and also the nails of a Tengu.

. tengu no tsume 天狗の爪 tengutsume 天狗爪 nails of a Tengu .





................................................................................. Nagano 長野県

.......................................................................
下伊那郡 Shimo-Ina district 上村 Kamimura

Tengu sama 天狗様
Once a family prayed to Tengu sama to have children - and what do you know, next morning a baby was sleeping at their front door.
They took it in as their own child and loved it dearly. But they were quite busy with other things and the child died when it was just 4 years.
Now the family thought this was the punishment, because they did not care properly for the child of a Tengu.
They begun to venerate it as 薬師平の三倉の明神 the Deity of Mikura of Yakushidaira.

Yakushi-Daira 薬師平 Yakushi Daira "Yakushi Plain"

.......................................................................
下伊那郡 Shimo-Ina district 高森町 Takamori

Guhin sama 狗賓様 - 稚児石 Chigoishi stone
At the river 小田沢川 Odakozawagawa there is a boulder called Chigoishi 稚児石 "Stone of a Child".
It is said if you rub a Daikon radish on the stone when it rains there will be blood flowing from it.
On the 8th day of the 4th lunar month during お薬師祭り the festival of Yakushi there is chigo mai 稚児舞 a dance of children. To be selected as a child to participate is a great honor but also a danger, because if the child makes a mistake during this dance, it will have bad luck.
Once a child took a wrong step and Guhin sama grabbed the child and flew away with it. He sat on a huge boulder at Odakozawagawa and ate most of the child.
The rest he took to river 片桐松川 Katakirimatsukawa and ate it.
Since then the dance of the children was stopped.


. Gubin, kuhin 狗賓 / グヒンサマ Guhin Sama Tengu "Wolf Guest" .




................................................................................. Shiga 滋賀県
甲賀郡 Koka district 信楽町 Shigaraki

In Shigaraki town there is a 不動寺 Fudo Temple.
Once a man went missing there and people got out with drums and bells to look for him. They found him dead leaning on a tree on the Ise Road near the Ishi Yakushi stone 石薬師伊勢道. This must have been the doings of a Tengu.




Fudooji 不動寺 Fudo-Ji
滋賀県甲賀市信楽町黄瀬2843-2 / Shigaraki, Kinose


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- reference : Nichibun Yokai Database -

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Join the friends on facebook !


. Yakushipedia - ABC-Index 薬師如来 .

. Yakushi Nyorai - Legends from the provinces .

. Yakushi Nyorai Pilgrimages 薬師霊場巡り - Introduction .


. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and Talismans .

. Japan - Shrines and Temples - ABC List .


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- - - #yakushitengu #tenguyakushi - - -
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Gokuraku - Jigoku on 11/20/2017 09:30:00 am

GOKURAKU - Yakushi and Fudo Legends



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. Yakushipedia - ABC-Index 薬師如来 .
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Yakushi Nyorai and Fudo Myo-O legends 薬師と不動 伝説

. Fudō Myō-ō 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O
- Acala Vidyârâja - Vidyaraja .





Fudo Myo-O, carved by 西村公朝 Nishimura Kocho in 1975
in a keya tree (Torreya nucifera)

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長野県史 民俗編 南信地方 ことばと伝承 -Nagano
8 観音・薬師・地蔵・不動の伝説 :(2)薬師の伝説
長野県史刊行会




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............................................................................ Aichi 愛知県
名古屋市 熱田区 - Nagoya Atsuta

. 高蔵不動院 Takakura Fudo-In .
"Festival of the Demons of Yakushi Nyorai 大薬師の鬼祭".



............................................................................ Shiga 滋賀県

. 不動寺 Fudo Temple .
the Ise Road near the Ishi Yakushi stone 石薬師伊勢道



............................................................................ Nagano 長野県

. Fudo Son 不動尊 at 経平 Tsunehira .

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source : vill.omi.nagano.jp/history

Statue of Yakushi Nyorai, Statue 147 cm, All is 387.9 cm.

福満寺 Fukuman-Ji
長野県東筑摩郡麻績村山寺 / Yamadera Hi, Omi-mura, Higashichikuma-gun, Nagano

This secret statue was shown once every 50 years. Some people who have tried to get a look at it during other times have been heavenly punished with eye disease.
After a repair in 1947 the statue is now shown every second year on the 31 of December and on the 3rd of May.
The statue was made by Ennin in the year 849, when he traveled in Tohoku. He also carved 日光・月光菩薩 Nikko and Gakko Bosatsu, 四天王 Shitenno and 十二神将 Juni Shinsho.
He added a letter with his wishes for the prosperity of the region
「我いま、仏勅(ぶっちょく)を奉じて薬師如来を安置し奉る、日々に鎮護国家・五穀豊穣・除災招福の秘法を修して霊験利生(れいげんりしょう)を得せしめよ」

. Ennin - Jigaku Daishi 慈覚大師 / 慈覺大師 .
(794 – 864)


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- reference : Nichibun Yokai Database -


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Join the friends on facebook !


. Yakushipedia - ABC-Index 薬師如来 .

. Yakushi Nyorai - Legends from the provinces .

. Yakushi Nyorai Pilgrimages 薬師霊場巡り - Introduction .


. O-Mamori お守り Amulets and Talismans .

. Japan - Shrines and Temples - ABC List .


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[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - #yakushifudo #fudoyakushi - - -
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Posted By Gabi Greve to Gokuraku - Jigoku on 11/22/2017 09:20:00 am

20 Nov 2017

EDO - Denzu-In Dentsu-In Tokyo


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Denzuuin 伝通院 Denzu-In, Denzuin - Tokyo
小石川伝通院 Koishikawa Denzu-In, Dentsu-in, Dentsuin

The reading of the Chinese characters differs.



文京区小石川3-14-6 / 3 Chome-14-6 Koishikawa, Bunkyō ward
Jodo sect of Buddhism 浄土宗

The temple was founded in 1415 by 聖冏上人 Saint Shogei.
The main statue is 無量聖観世音菩薩 Muryo Sho Kannon Bosatsu

The mother of Tokugawa Ieyasu, 於大の方 O-Dai-no-Kata, was buried at this temple in 1602. The Tokugawa clan took care of the tomb and it soon became famous.
The wives and children of other Tokugawa Shoguns are buried here too.
The old wooden buildings burned down in WWII, but the stone tombs are still as they were.



Tombs of the Tokugawa Family

- quote -
The temple Dentsu-in is counted as one of three Shogun family's temples with Zojoji Temple and Kaneiji Temple.
... This temple is known as the place where a radical Samurai team was organized. This group became Shinsengumi, unofficial police in Kyoto at the end of Edo era.
- source : richiefukuda.blogspot.jp -

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shuin 朱印 stamp

- Homepage of the temple
- source : denzuin.or.jp...


. 江戸三十三観音霊場 Pilgrimage to 33 Kannon Temples .
Nr. 12 in the Edo pilgrimage
東京三十三観音霊場 Nr. 25 in the Tokyo pilgrimage

..............................................................................................................................................



It looks as impressive as the Notre Dame cathedral in Paris -
said the novelist Nagai Kafu (1879 - 1959, who was born in the Koishikawa district.

Kafu has written about Haien no seirei: "Kitsune" (The Fox)
His father had seen a strange monk with a tail (in fact the fox Takuzosu) walking in the area in plain afternoon.
The more tails an Inari messenger fox has, the more powerful it will be.
- See below for the fox legends of old.


..............................................................................................................................................


Yūten 祐天 Yuten Shami, 祐天上人 Saint Yuten Shonin
..... Yuten came to be patronized by Keisho-in, the mother of the fifth Tokugawa shogun Tsunayoshi, who is said to have called on him in his hermit's hut on the outskirts of Edo. In Genroku 12 (1699) he was in unprecedented fashion summoned to Edo castle and promoted from being a lowly wandering monk to the position of head priest of one of the Jodo sect's eighteen major temples in the Kanto area. In samurai terms, his status had become equal to that of a daimyo with a fief of 100,000 koku. The following year he was further promoted by an appointment as head priest to the Iinuma Gukyoji temple in Shimosa, the very temple where he had performed his first famous act of exorcism.
Finally in Hoei 1 (1704), he was placed in charge of Koishikawa Denzuin in Edo, a temple next in standing only to the Zojo ancestral temple at Shiba.
. Saint 祐天上人 Yuten Shonin .


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .


- . Inari 稲荷 the "Fox Deity", "Fox God" .

.......................................................................
Hakuzooshu 伯蔵主 / 白蔵主 / 白蔵王 Hakuzoshu / Hakuzosu

A high priest from Dentsu-In. 覚山上人 Saint Kakusan Shonin, went to Kyoto and and on his way back had a monk named Hakuzo as his companion to teach him on the way. Hakuzo was an excellent student, but once when he had a high fever, he talked in his dream and said he was a fox. Now he is the protector deity of the shrines dedicated to
Hakuzosu Inari 伯蔵主稲荷.



- reference : the Yokai monster Hakuzosu -

. - yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters - ABC-List - .


- Tomioka Tessai (1836–1924)
- source : metmuseum.org/art... -

- quote -
Fox Spirit in the Guise of a Traveling Monk (Hakuzosu)
The vulpine figure dressed as a traveling monk, gazing intently at a nearby trap, is the protagonist of the popular kyōgen play Tsurigitsune (Fox Hunter).
In this comic morality tale, an old fox disguises itself as the monk Hakuzōsu, whose fox-trapper nephew has succeeded in ensnaring most of the fox clan. Recounting a variety of lore about the wily vengeance of the fox, the fox-cum-monk persuades the trapper to give up his trade. This drawing shows the fox prior to heading home, unable to resist the temptation to take the bait from the discarded trap. The trickster ends up caught, to the delight of the chagrined trapper who realizes he has been fooled by a fox in disguise.
- - - The poem on the upper left is by the artist's wife, Haruko:

Hito wo nomi hakaru to omou orokasa ni onore kitsune no wana ni kakareri.

You who seek to deceive
will find yourself
caught in the fox trap
and foolish.


.......................................................................

A similar story is told about the Fox-Priest Takuzo . . .

.......................................................................
Inari Daimyojin 稲荷大明神

Another fox posing for a monk was named 多久蔵主 (たくぞうす) was Takuzosu.
Also spelled 澤蔵主 / 澤蔵司 / 沢蔵
He came to the priest's seminar at Dentsu-In every night and took part in the discussions. He learned all the secret teachings of the Jodo sect within just three years.
In the year 1620, on May 7, the Head Master of the Seminar had a dream vision about Takuzosu:
"I am the Shinto Deity Inari Daimyojin from the Chiyoda castle of Edo. I always wanted to study about the Jodo sect of Buddhism and now finally my wish has come true.
I will now go back to be a Shinto Deity, but will stay on as the protector of your establishment! "
- - - - - And thus he became the 護法神 protector deity of Dentsu-In.



He is venerated at 慈眼院 Jigen-In, 澤蔵司稲荷 Takuzosu Inari
3 Chome-17-12 Koishikawa, Bunkyō ward



- Homepage - takuzousuinari . com -



Detail of 澤蔵司稲荷 Takuzosu Inari
江戸名所図絵 Edo Meisho Zue - modern version


..............................................................................................................................................
dainaru hi 大なる燈 The Great Lantern

Around 1720 there was a Kannon temple called 伝通院 Denzu-In. On the 25th day of the first lunar month there appeared a strange light like a lantern above the temple, slowly moving from North to South. It then moved up to the sky and became a star which glowed and sparkled every night. On the 8th day of the third lunar month there was a large fire, covering the area from Ushigome to 千住 Senju.
Later they found the bodies of many people who had died in the garden of this temple.

.......................................................................
keiun 慶雲 auspicious cloud

In the year 1825 on August 15 the author 外岡北海 Sotooka Hokkai walked in the compound of Dentsu-In when he saw an auspicious cloud in five colors cruising over the village. The cloud turned white and colorful again and hang there for a while.
When people asked where it had come from, he could only say they had been there all the while.

goshiki no kumo 五色の雲 clouds of five colors


- reference : denzuin.or.jp-

.......................................................................
mikkazuki shoonin 三ヶ月上人 Saint Mikkazuki

Saint Mikazuki thought the frogs were disturbing the students and ordered the frogs to shut their mouth.
Since then not a frog's voice had been heard in the compound.
This was called musei kaeru 無声蛙 the frogs without a voice.

There is also a book - 伝通院の無声蛙 - by 加瀬順一 Kase Junichi

.......................................................................
nezumi 鼠 the rat

A monk from Denzu-In had killed a rat at four in the afternoon, when he was still in his youth. Just before dying the rat had bitten his finger.
Now every day at six in the afternoon his finger begun to hurt - for the rest of his life!

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Tengu and Fudo 天狗と不動明王

In the temple 伝通院 Denzu-In lived a person named 岱雄 Taio. One day he went out begging with the monks but did not come back. Two days later they found him fainted in the back of the dormitory. When he came back to himself, he told the following story. When he wanted to make an offering, his body suddenly became light and he took off to the sky. Then he went to 成田不動 Narita Fudo to pray, spent some time between the woods talking to some Tengu who wanted to do Sumo wrestling with him. They gave him food and kept him for seven days.
The Tengu had also told him if he wanted to come back to them, he should face East to Narita and think of Fudo Myo-O, then they would come and fetch him again and give his some presents from Narita.

. Legends about Tengu and Fudo Myo-O .

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yuurei 幽霊 ghost

Once there were two men, 久米蔵 Kumezo and 文作 Bunsaku, working for 藤田廉平 Fujita Renbei. One day Renbei said, that Bunsaku became ill and died and had been buried at Dentsu-In.
One month later a woman named 志計 Shige said she had seen Bunsaku in 芳町 Yoshicho village. He had been peddeling material to make barrels. So all thought that it must have been his ghost.
Later they learned that Renbei had made a mistake, and it was Kumezo, who had died!

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- reference : Nichibun Yokai Database -
- reference : tesshow.jp/bunkyo/temple_koishikawa_dentsuin...





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Posted By Gabi Greve to Gokuraku - Jigoku on 11/18/2017 01:22:00 pm