Showing posts with label Heian. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Heian. Show all posts

31 Dec 2018

DARUMA - Darumapedia on Facebook


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Darumapedia on Facebook

- The latest news is always HERE:



. Daruma Museum - Newsletter .  


. . . . . Expanded older entries will be added here since 2016:
. Darumapedia News at Yahoo .


. Darumapedia - small news BLOG .

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The Darumapedia has expanded over the years.
Here is a list (growing) of my presence on facebook :


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. Joys of Japan - Main Gallery .   




. Joys of Japan - Poetry for Tohoku .   



. Tohoku Japan - Information .   




. WASHOKU - Japanese Food Culture .   

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. MINGEI - Japanese Folk Art .   



. Kokeshi Gallery .   



. Japanese Festivals - Matsuri .   




. Japanese Interior Gallery .   


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. Japanese Literature .   



. Japanese People .   




. Japanese Calendar Days .   


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. Edo - the Edo Period .   



. Edo - Senryu 川柳 .



. Edo culture via Ukiyo-E 浮世絵 .



. Gofunai 御符内 88 Henro temples in Edo .


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. Fudo Myo-O 不動明王 .   



. Jizo Bosatsu Gallery 地蔵菩薩  .

- and more -
. Buddha Statues - Japanese Deities .   



. Enku - Master Carver 円空  .




. Buddhist Temples - Japan .   



. Shinto Shrines - Japan .   



. Ta no Kami Yama no Kami 田の神 山の神  .

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. Japan in Spring .   

. Japan in Summer .   

. Japan in Autumn .   

. Japan in Winter .   


. Japan - New Year Season .   




. Fujisan Gallery - Japan .   



. Dragon Gallery - Asian Art and Animals .   



. Japan - Animals .   

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. Haiku Culture Magazin .



. Matsuo Basho .



. Kobayashi Issa .



. Yosa Buson .



. Masaoka Shiki .


. Mongolia Saijiki - Mongolian Haiku .   



. WKD - World Kigo Database .  



. Japanese Haiku Poets  .   



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. Kappa 河童 - Kappa san on facebook .



. Manekineko 招き猫 The Beckoning Cat .



. Tengupedia 天狗 - the Tengu Goblins of Japan .



. Onipedia 鬼 - the Demons of Japan .



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. My Treasure Box .   

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- The latest news is always HERE:


. Darumapedia - Newsletter .  


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]

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--
Posted By Gabi Greve to Daruma San in Japan, Japanese Art and Culture (01)

11 Jul 2018

SENNIN Juge

https://heianperiodjapan.blogspot.com/2018/04/sennin-jugeso-juge.html

Sennin Jugeso Juge

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. sennin 仙人と伝説 Legends about Immortals .
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Juge soo 河内国樹下僧 Monk Juge from Kawachi no Kuni
河内国 Kawachi is now part of Osaka.

He is Nr. 25 of
. 日本の仙人37人 - The 37 Immortals of Japan .

樹下僧円宝房 Juge So Enho-Bo
三井寺の円宝房阿関梨 Miidera no Enho-Bo Ajari


His story is not quite clear.
He was either a priest at Miidera or at the shine after which he is named, Juge Jinja.

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Related to 日吉神社 Hiyoshi Jinja (日枝神社 Hie Jinja)

miyagomori 宮籠り to make a wish (vow) and stay in the shrine until it is granted
One of them was Juge So 中世日吉神社における宮籠りと樹下僧.

- reference source : oldvin.seesaa.net/article... -

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Juge Jinja 樹下神社 Juge Jinja shrines
All are located in 滋賀県 Shiga prefecture.
They belong to the seven sub-shrines of 日吉大社 Hiyoshi Taisha.

Juge shrines are also called
Juuzenji sha 十禅師社 (ジュウゼンジ) Juzenji Shrine ("Ten Zen Teacher's Shrine)
Junizenji are known in Buddhism as 地蔵菩薩 Jizo Bosatsu.

樹下神社 (大津市北小松) - 滋賀県大津市北小松鎮座 Kitakomatsu
樹下神社 (大津市南比良) - 滋賀県大津市南比良鎮座 Minamihira
樹下神社 (大津市木戸) - 滋賀県大津市木戸鎮座 Kido
樹下神社 (大津市山中町) - 滋賀県大津市山中町鎮座 Yamanaka
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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大津市北小松 Otsu town, Kita-Komatsu

- Deity in residence
. 鴨玉依姫命 / 玉依姫命 Tamayori Hime no Mikoto .

The origin of this shrine is not quite clear.
In 982, 佐々木成頼 Sasaki Nariyori ordered the construction of the 日吉十禅師 Juzenji of Hiyoshi.
This shrine flourished as the protector shrine of the Sasaki clan in 近江国 Omi (now Shiga prefecture).
The shrine was destructed by Oda Nobunaga, but later rebuild.
In 1870, it was named 十禅師社 Juzenji Shrine

Minamoto no Nariyori 源成頼 (676 - 1003) = Sasaki Nariyori

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大津市南比良 Otsu town, Minami-Kira

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大津市木戸 Otsu town, Kido

This shrine was constructed on orders of 佐野豊賢 Sano Toyokata. the regent of 木戸城 Kido castle, to protect the area and his clan.
The shrine was destroyed by Oda Nobunaga and later rebuilt in 1578.


- reference source : shiga/otsu-kido-jugejinja... -

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- quote -
Juge Jinja is a small shrine in the Higashi-Hongu area of Hiyoshi Taisha. This structure is classified as an Important Cultural Asset.
Hiyoshi Taisha
is dedicated to Sanno Gongen, the deity of Mount Hiei, and dates back to 806. The shrine is located at the base of the mountain in Sakamoto near the shores of Lake Biwa. Because of its proximity to Hieizan, it has always been associated with Enryaku-ji. The shrine was destroyed in 1571 when Nobunaga eliminated the Enryaku-ji monks, but it was rebuilt soon after.
Hiyoshi Taisha. Otsu, Shiga.
- source : flickr.com/photos/jpellgen... -



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. sennin 天狗と仙人伝説 Legends about Tengu and Immortals .

. sennin 仙人と伝説 Legends about Immortals .


. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .


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[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - #senninjugeso #jugeso #jugejinja #enhobo #juzenji -
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1 Jul 2018

HEIAN - Tengubi fire yokai

https://heianperiodjapan.blogspot.com/2018/06/tengubi-tengu-no-hi-fire.html

Tengubi Tengu no Hi Fire

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.
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Tengubi 天狗火 - a Yokai / Tengu no hi 天狗の火 Tengu fire

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .
- Introduction -


source : wikipedia
- Tengubi called 松明丸 Taimatsu Maru
鳥山石燕 Toriyama Sekien 『百器徒然袋』 Hyakki tsurezurebukuro

Tengu no gyoroo 天狗の漁撈 Tengu no gyoro, Tengu fishing

The Tengubi Yokai appears near or over water.

. Hinotama 天狗と火の玉伝説 Legends about Tengu and fire balls .


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- quote -
Tengubi 天狗火

APPEARANCE:
Tengubi is a fireball phenomenon seen near rivers in Aichi, Shizuoka, Yamanashi, and Kanagawa Prefectures. It appears as one or more (up to several hundred) reddish flames which float about in the sky. These supernatural fires are said to be created by tengu.

BEHAVIOR:
Tengubi descends at night from the mountains to the rivers. Often it starts as a small number of fireballs which split into hundreds of smaller flames. These flames hover above the water for some time, as if dancing. Afterwards, they return to the mountains.

INTERACTIONS:
In most cases, humans who witness tengubi invariably meet with disaster—usually in the form of a serious illness contracted shortly after the encounter. Because of this, locals who lives in areas where tengubi is common greatly fear this phenomenon. If a local happens to see a tengubi, they will immediately drop prone and hide. Oftentimes they will cover their heads with their shoes or sandals.
Occasionally, tengubi can he helpful to humans. During times of drought, it was common for rice farmers to secretly steal water from their neighbors by redirecting water from the canals into their own fields during the night. This caused a great deal of conflict among the people involved. However, when tengubi appeared above the canals, would-be thieves were thwarted—either out of guilty consciences or because the light from the tengubi made it impossible to sneak around.

ORIGIN:
Tengubi is created by kawa tengu—"river tengu" who prefer the riversides over the deep mountain valleys where tengu normally live. It is used by these tengu to catch fish at night. For this reason it is also known as tengu no gyorō ("tengu fishing").
Toriyama Sekien
included this phenomenon in his book Hyakki tsurezure bukuro under the name taimatsu maru (taimatsu meaning "torch," and maru being a popular suffix for boys' names). He described it not as a tool for tengu to help with fishing, but as a way for them to hinder and interfere with the religious practices of ascetic monks.

LEGENDS:
Long ago, tengubi was frequently seen in the villages of Kasugai City, Aichi Prefecture. One night, a villager was caught out in the mountains in a sudden thunderstorm. It was cold, and too dark to find his way back home, so he took shelter under a tree and shivered. Before long, mysterious fires began appearing around him. Not only did they warm his chilled body up, but they provided enough light for him to find the road and make it safely back to his village.
It was a common superstition in that village not to go outside of your home on nights when tengubi appeared. If you did, it was said that you would be spirited away into the mountains. One night a particularly foolhardy young man defied the superstition. He walked out of his house, faced the tengubi, and called out, "If you can take me, come and get me!" Suddenly, a large black shape appeared out of nowhere and grabbed the young man. It picked him up and flew away into the mountains. The young man was never seen again.
- source : Matthew Meyer -

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松明丸  Taimatsumaru by Shota Kotake
Taimatsumaru is a Japanese Yokai monster folklore illustrated in a book "Hyakki Tsurezure Bukuro" written by Sekien Toriyama in 1784.
Teimatsumaru is a kind of Tengubi fire that Tengu creates. It look like a Raptores in fire. It appears in deep forest. It disturbs training monks in the mountain.


source : deviantart.com/shotakotake...

仏道修行を妨げる妖怪とされる。

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............................................................................... Aichi 愛知県 
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岡崎市 Okazaki city

tengu no hi 天狗の火 Tengu fire
If people happen to see a "Tengu fire", they throw their geta 下駄 wooden sandals or zoori 草履 straw sandals to make it go away.



............................................................................... Ishikawa 石川県 
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石川郡 Ishikawa district 白峰村 Shiramine mura

tengu no hi 天狗の火 Tengu fire
If a child plays with fire, a Tengu will find out and then put the whole house on fire. Such a fire, caused by a Tengu, can not be extinguished.
Such a fire can spread in any direction, unrelated to the flow of wind. This is called
天狗の火鳥が歩く A Tengu firebird is walking.

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七尾市 Nanao city

tengu no hi 天狗の火 Tengu fire / kumo no hi 蜘蛛の火 spider fire
If people see a red fire on the open sea, this is a caused by a Tengu.
If they see a smaller, bluish fire, this is caused by s spider.

. kumo 蜘蛛と伝説 Legends about spiders / Spinnen .




............................................................................... Shizuoka 静岡県 

If a fisherman sees a Tengubi and calls "Oi, oi オイオイ come here, come here!" the ball of fire will come closer.

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nana fushigi 遠江 七不思議 One of the seven wonders of Totomi :

tengu no hi 天狗の火 Tengu fire
Tengu no Hi as a messenger of 秋葉山 Mount Akibayama and Mount 光明山 Komyosan.

. 秋葉山 Akibayama, Akiba Yama, a Tengu Mountain .
光明山古墳 Komyosan Kofum Tumulus Mound
浜松市中区元城町103-2

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磐田郡 Iwata district 水窪町 Misakubo

tengubi 天狗火 Tengu fire
In the summer of 1970, a man saw a Tengu fire. It looked like 20 or 30 lampions hanging over the mountain ridge and seemed to climb upwards all the time.
There was no sound of feet walking or people talking.

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磐田郡 Iwata district 佐久間町 Sakuma

tengubi 天狗火 Tengu fire
It is often seen on the mountain ridges, like blinking lanterns.
Often seen on the pass between 佐久間町の草木と西浦の間 Kusaki village and Nishiura village.



............................................................................... Yamanashi 山梨県 

tengubi 天狗火 Tengu fire
Tengubi is an expression of the supernatural power of a Tengu.

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -


Tengu dance during a fire festival




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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.


. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

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. Join the Tengu friends on Facebook .




. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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- - - - - #tengubi #tengunohi #tengufire -
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27 Jun 2018

PERSONS - Minamoto no Toru

https://heianperiodjapan.blogspot.com/2018/04/kawara-no-in-minamoto-toru.html

Kawara no In Minamoto Toru

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. sennin 仙人と伝説 Legends about Immortals .
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Kawara no In 河原院 源融 Minamoto Toru
河原院大臣侍 Kawara no In / 河原院の大臣(おとど)の侍 Otodo 
Kawara no Sadaijin 河原左大臣 - Poet and statesman


He is Nr. 20 of
. 日本の仙人37人 - The 37 Immortals of Japan .

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- quote -
Minamoto no Tōru 源 融 (822 – September 21, 895)
was a Japanese poet and statesman. He was born the son of Emperor Saga and a member of the Saga Genji clan. He is sometimes mentioned as the model for Hikaru Genji in important Japanese literary classic The Tale of Genji.
Under his title Kawara no Sadaijin (河原左大臣, Minister of the Left of Kawara), he is the author of poem 14 in the Ogura Hyakunin Isshu poetry anthology:

陸奥のしのぶもぢずり誰ゆゑに
乱れそめにしわれならなくに


Michinoku no
Shinobu-mojizuri
Tare yue ni
Midare somenishi
Ware naranaku ni

Like Michinoku prints,
Of the tangled leaves of ferns,
It is because of you,
That I have become confused;
But my love for you remains.




The poem originally appeared in the Kokinshū, no. 724. Here is another translation:

The dye with hare's-foot-fern, of Michinoku
who else would have made me feel as disturbed?

The poet is also famous for making a replica of the uta-makura Shiogama ("poetic place name") in his garden.
His tomb resides at the Seiryō-ji, a Buddhist temple situated on what was once Saga Moor in Kyoto.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


Shiogama in Kyoto 京都の塩竈


source : yomigaereshiogama.jp...

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. Matsuo Basho visiting Shinobu .

みちのく(陸奥)の しのぶもぢずり(忍ぶ 綟摺り)
誰ゆえに 乱れ染めにし 我ならなくに


shinobu mojizuri is a special cloth dyed in the region of the village
Shinobu gun Fukushima 福島県信夫郡.
Made from shinobugusa 忍ぶ草、hare's-foot fern, deersfoot fern
Davallia bullata and others
. Michinoku roads みちのく路 .

As wholly confused
as cloth dyed in moss-fern design
from Michinoku
so distraught is my heart now
and for no one else but you.

Tr. Steven D. Carter

and

I long to find a path
to the depths of Mount Shinobu
that I might fathom
the secrets of
another's heart

Tr. Shirane

- quote
Shinobu Mottling Rock, Fukushima
6 km north-east from Fukushima City sits the village of Shinobu (present-day Mojizuri). Three seemingly unconnected objects - a large, moss-dappled rock, the Michinoku (Tohoku) kimono design of mottled ferns made famous in the Heian period (794 - 1185), and an impossible love story - have together made Shinobu a vastly recognized and esteemed location of utamakura.
Utamakura is a place-name used in waka (traditional Japanese poetry) which, through alternative readings of the name's kanji (Chinese characters) or its associations with national histories and figures, can be used as an allusive tool towards sentiment and meaning within waka; an incredibly popular and admired poetic device which was employed even in everyday conversation at the Heian Kyoto Court.

In the 9th century, Minamoto no Toru (a high-ranking noble of the Heian Imperial Court in Kyoto) traveled to the "great north," Michinoku, which was at that time deemed an uncivilized land due to its distance from the shining capital. At some point, he passed through Shinobu, a village well-known by the Imperial Court for its unique production of a kimono design called Shinobu Mojizuri (fern mottle). It was not uncommon for high-ranking nobles to undertake vast journeys north for state affairs. And on these journeys, it wasn't completely unheard of to learn of nobles falling in love with villagers of little, or no, social status.

Unfortunately for Minamoto no Toru and the lady of Shinobu, he did just so. Staying with the lady's father and delaying his return to the capital for over a month, he was eventually called back to court and the separation was impossible to withstand for both of them. Minamoto no Toru did as all Heian courtiers in his day could do; he wrote a poem about it. And the lady of Shinobu took to her bed with grief, dying before the verse could reach her.
The verse adopts the word 'shinobu' and its three potential readings in Japanese: the name of the village Shinobu; the type of fern found in abundance around the village, called shinobugusa; and the verb shinobu, "to love secretly."
In just five lines, Minamoto no Toru encapsulates his sentiment, the history and relevance of the setting to his story, and appropriate similes for such a saddening poem in incredible subtlety and talent in his employment of utamakura.

Like the cloth printed
with ferns in far Shinobu
of the deep north —
if not for you
for whom would I dye my heart
with tangled love?



Since this all occurred over twelve centuries ago, Shinobu has welcomed such admirers of its history and poetry as Basho Matsuo, who came to compose a haiku on the subject in his Oku no Hosomichi pilgrimage of Michinoku utamakura locations.

早苗とる手もとや昔しのぶ摺

Deft hands that now pluck
seedlings, once you used to press
patterns from the stones.

Tr. Donald Keene

The mottling rock upon which the famous Michinoku kimono was mottled with fern is enshrined by an open gate. The two poems are also on the grounds, set in stone. All are surrounded by a wonderful view of Fukushima, the Kannon-Do Temple and Phoenix Pagoda, and a river also famous in traditional waka, the Abukumagawa.
- source : http://ja.japantourist.jp


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. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

................................................................................. Fukushima 福島県 

文知摺石 Mojizuri Ishi
Minamoto no Toru stayed some time at the residence of a rich family near the Mojizuri Ishi stone. He fell in love with the beautiful Torajo 虎女 (Tiger Woman), but eventually he had to go back to Kyoto. There was no further news from him.
Torajo was so sad, waiting and waiting for her lover. She made a vow to the stone, to show her the image of her lover Toru. After praying for many days, her wish was fulfilled and his figure appeared on the stone.



source : HeartLand-Icho

mojizuri ishi 文字摺石 - 信夫文知摺石 mojizuri mottlilng stone, rock
shinobu mojizuri しのぶもじずり / 忍捩摺り/信夫捩摺り

The lower part of the stone has been used so often that it is all shining and the stone was once called
kagami ishi 鏡石 mirror stone.



................................................................................. Kyoto 京都府 

tooru no daijin no rei 融の大臣の霊 / Tôru daijin / The Minister Toru
Most of the stories of ghosts are about people becoming ghosts and appearing as a skull.
One of the oldest records is the Nihon Ryooiki 日本霊異記 Nihon Ryoiki.
宇多院 Emperor Uda (867 - 931) made an official visit to 河原院 Kawara no In (the official residence of Minamoto no Tooru 源融 Toru (822 - 895).
The late owner of this Kawara residence, Toru, appeared clad in 衣冠 formal robes as a ghost to greet the visitor.

-
oni 鬼 demon
When 栄爵 Eishaku and his wife from the countryside came to Kawara no In to find work, she was taken away by a demon.

. Onipedia 日本の鬼 The Demons of Japan .

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- reference : Nichibun Yokai Database -


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. sennin 天狗と仙人伝説 Legends about Tengu and Immortals .

. sennin 仙人と伝説 Legends about Immortals .


. Japan - Shrines and Temples - Index .


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- - #kawaranoin #minamototoru #mojizuri -
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